Risk factors for aggressive behavior in juvenile offenders suffering from schizophrenic spectrum disorders

792

Abstract

The article presents the results of an empirical study aimed at identifying the risk factors for aggressive behavior in juvenile offenders suffering from schizophrenic spectrum disorders. A total of 72 male juveniles aged 15 to 17 years were examined. A set of methods for studying individual psychological characteristics was used, as well as a screening tool for assessing possible mental distress (MAYSI-2). Based on the findings, it is concluded that adolescents who have committed socially dangerous acts and suffer from disorders of the schizophrenic spectrum have a high level of proactive and reactive aggressiveness. Due to specific violations in the communicative sphere, mechanisms for containing aggressive motives are formed worse. Among the clinico-psychological risk factors of aggressive criminal behavior for them, the most significant is a violation of thinking, which leads to a misinterpretation of the social context.

General Information

Keywords: clinical and psychological risk factors, aggressive criminal behavior, screening tools, juvenile delinquents.

Journal rubric: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2017070304

For citation: Oshevsky D.S., Afonina Y.S. Risk factors for aggressive behavior in juvenile offenders suffering from schizophrenic spectrum disorders [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2017. Vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 44–55. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2017070304. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Gladkikh V.I. Kriminologiya. Kurs lektsiy [Criminology. Course of lectures]. In Gladkikh V.I., Fedotov P.V., Shumov R.N. (ed.) (Uchebnyy kurs : kratko i dostupno) [Training course: brief and accessible]. Moscow: Publ. Eksmo, 2010. 256 p.
  2. Dozortseva Ye.G. Problemy psikhicheskogo zdorov'ya u podrostkov-pravonarushiteley: vozmozhnosti skrininga. [Mental health problems in adolescent offenders: screening opportunities]. [Electronic resource] // Kochenovskiye chteniya «Psikhologiya i pravo v sovremennoy Rossii» [Kochenovsky readings «Psychology and law in modern Russia»] // URL: https://psyjournals.ru/kochteniya1/issue/55255.shtml [Accessed 07.06.2017].
  3. Zvereva N.V. Klinicheskaya psikhologiya detey i podrostkov: uchebnik dlya studentov uchrezhdeniy vysshego professional'nogo obrazovaniya [Clinical psychology of children and adolescents: a textbook for students of institutions of higher professional education] In Zvereva N.V., Goryacheva T.G. (ed.). Moscow: Publishing Center «Academy», 2013. 271 p.
  4. Klinicheskaya i sudebnaya podrostkovaya psikhiatriya [Clinical and judicial teenage psychiatry]. In Gur'yeva V.A. (ed.). M.: Publ. Genesis, 2001. 480 pp.
  5. Mokhon'ko A.R., Makushkin Ye.V., Mugantseva L.A. Osnovnyye pokazateli deyatel'nosti sudebno-psikhiatricheskoy ekspertnoy sluzhby Rossiyskoy Federatsii v 2015 godu: Analiticheskiy obzor [The main indicators of the forensic psychiatric expert service of the Russian Federation in 2015: Analytical review]. In Makushkin Ye.V. (ed.). Moscow: Publ. FGBU «FMITSPN im. V.P. Serbskogo» Minzdrava Rossii, 2016. Issue. 24. 212 p.
  6. Oshevskiy D.S., Dozortseva Ye.G. Perspektivy ispol'zovaniya strukturirovannykh metodov otsenki riska povtornykh deliktov pri psikhologicheskom soprovozhdenii nesovershennoletnikh pravonarushiteley s psikhicheskimi rasstroystvami [Prospects for using structured methods for assessing the risk of repeated delinquencies in the psychological accompaniment of juvenile offenders with mental disorders] // Psikhicheskoye zdorov'ye [Mental Health]. 2014. no. 7 (98). pp. 3-11.
  7. Oshevskij D.S. Negativnye sotsial'nye ustanovki i smyslovye konstrukty u podrostkov, sovershivshikh agressivnye protivopravnye deyanija na natsional'noi pochve [Negative social attitudes and semantic constructs in adolescents who have committed violent criminal acts on national ground] // Yuridicheskaja psikhologija [Juridical psychology], 2012. no. 3, pp. 30–34.
  8. OshevskiyD.S. Psikhicheskoye razvitiye u podrostkov s psikhicheskimi rasstroystvami, sovershivshikh agressivno-nasil'stvennyye pravonarusheniya [Mental development in adolescents with mental disorders who committed violent-violent offenses] (psikhologicheskiy aspekt) [psychological aspect]. Moscow, 2006. 167 p.
  9. Ratinova N.A. Test Ruki Vagnera [Test of Wagner's Hand] // Praktikum po psikhodiagnostike [Practical work on psychodiagnostics]. Moscow: Publishing House of Moscow University, 1989. pp. 83-90.
  10. Sobchik L.N. Psikhodiagnostika v meditsine [Psychodiagnostics in medicine]. Prakticheskoye rukovodstvo [Practical guidance]. Borges, 2007. 416 pp.
  11. Yan'shin P.V. Praktikum po klinicheskoy psikhologii [Workshop on clinical psychology]. Metody issledovaniya lichnosti [Methods of personality research]. St. Petersburg: Publ. Peter, 2004. pp. 86-125.
  12. Kharakteristika lits, soderzhashchikhsya v vospitatel'nykh koloniyakh dlya nesovershennoletnikh [Characteristics of persons held in educational colony for minors] // [Electronic resource] // Federal'naya sluzhba ispolneniya nakazaniya [Service for Execution of Punishment]. URL: http://fsin.rf/structure/inspector/iao/statistika/Xar-ka%20v%20VK/ (Accessed: 03.07.2017).
  13. Grisso T. Double jeopardy: Adolescent offenders with mental disorders. Chicago, 2004. 200 p.
  14. Grisso T. Massachusetts youth screening instrument, Version 2: MAYSI-2: user’s manual and technical report / Thomas Grisso and Richard Barnum. Rev.ed. Sarasota, Florida, 2006. 42 p.

Information About the Authors

Dmitry S. Oshevsky, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher at the Laboratory of Child and Adolescent Psychology, V. P. Serbsky National Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Associate Professor of the Department of Legal Psychology and Law, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Federal State Budgetary Institution "Research Center for Mental Health" Leading Researcher of the Department of Organization of Psychiatric Services, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3465-6302, e-mail: oshevsky@serbsky.ru

Yuliya S. Afonina, bachelor, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, laboratory researcher. V. Serbsky NMCRCPN, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: yulya.afonina.94@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 3561
Previous month: 4
Current month: 0

Downloads

Total: 792
Previous month: 2
Current month: 0