Clinical and psychological factors for criminal aggression



The article substantiates approach to the study of crime of aggression, taking into account the analysis of the behavior principles of interaction of personal and situational factors; interaction of aggressive and antiaggressive personal factors. Three-dimensional typology of crime of aggression formed three axles: high – low aggressiveness; formation – aborted personal aggression inhibitors; neutral – a legally significant traumatic situation. This typology has been verified on the basis of empirical material, including 329 people (257 males and 72 women aged 18 to 70 years) charged with violent crimes. All of the defendants (33 % mental health 67 % – with a variety of mental disorders not excluding sanity) were examined in the production of a comprehensive forensic psychological and psychiatric examination. A cluster analysis of the subjects (Ward's method) showed the validity of the choice of three bases of a typology of criminal aggression. The most powerful discriminator of types of aggression were personal inhibitors of aggression, less severe factors of high aggressiveness and characteristics of the situation. Identified correlations between various mental disorders and types of aggression.

General Information

Keywords: aggression, criminal aggression, a comprehensive forensic psychological and psychiatric examination, control of aggression, self-regulation, a mental disorder, not excluding sanity, statistical verification.

Journal rubric: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Safuanov F.S., Kalashnikova A., Carkov A.E. Clinical and psychological factors for criminal aggression [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2017. Vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 44–58. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2017070405. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Farit S. Safuanov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Head of Chair of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Department of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Head of the Laboratory of Psychology, Federal Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Addiction of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Anna Kalashnikova, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Chief Public Relations Specialist, V. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology, Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:

Andrey E. Carkov, graduate of the faculty of legal psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



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