Diagnostic and forensic assessment of the psychological consequences of sexual violence and abuse against girls

748

Abstract

The article presents the results of a comprehensive psychological and psychiatric examination of 200 minors victims of sexual violence and abuse. A set of methods was used, including the methodology of life quality research, maps of disadaptation assessment, a set of techniques used in the production of cspe, methods of mathematical statistics and data analysis. Depending on the mental state of the victim, the psychological consequences of sexual violence and clinical and psychological abuse were identified. Described 4 types of consequences that vary in severity: psychogenic condition in the form of the disorder (1) and psychogenic condition in the form of reaction (2) (clinical level); adverse psychological condition (3) and minimal negative psychological condition (4) (psychological level). It is established that with the aggravation of the mental state of the victims, from the minimum unfavorable to the psychogenic state in the form of a disorder, the coverage of the spheres of mental activity, the number and severity of signs of post-traumatic reactions expands. The psychological effects demonstrated by mentally healthy victims indicate a decline in their quality of life.

General Information

Keywords: sexual violence and abuse against children, psychological consequences of sexual violence, diagnostics of psychological.

Journal rubric: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2018080408

For citation: Borisenko E.V. Diagnostic and forensic assessment of the psychological consequences of sexual violence and abuse against girls [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2018. Vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 75–98. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2018080408. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Dvoryanchikov N.V., Enikolopov S.N., Il'enko A.A. Osobennosti ehmocional'nogo vospriyatiya u lic s deviantnym seksual'nym povedeniem [Peculiarities of emotional perception in persons with deviant sexual behaviour] // Seksologiya i seksopatologiya [Sexology and sexual pathology]. 2003. no4. P. 17.
  2. Dozortseva E.G. Psikhologicheskaya travma u podrostkov s problemami v povedenii. Diagnostika i korrektsiya [Psychological trauma in adolescents with behavior problems. Diagnosis and correction]. Moscow: Publ. «Genezis», 2007. 128 p.
  3. Kachaeva M.M., Rusina V.V., Sat'yanova L.S. Kliniko-sotsial'nye faktory riska i sudebno-psikhiatricheskaya otsenka psikhicheskogo sostoyaniya zhenshchin, zhestoko obrashchavshikhsya so svoimi det'mi («izbivayushchie materi») Clinical and social risk factors and forensic psychiatric assessment of the mental state of women, treated brutally with their children ("mother-beating")]. Rossiiskii psikhiatricheskii zhurnal [Russian journal of psychiatry]. 2011. №2. pp. 25-30. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  4. Kajuda G.P., Lukovceva Z.V., Gajamova S.Ju. Zhestokoe obrashhenie s nesovershennoletnimi: identifikacija i ocenka psihologicheskih posledstvij: metod. Posobie [The abuse of minors: identification and assessment of psychological consequences. Methodical manual]. Moscow: Publ. Sputnik+, 2007. 49 p.
  5. Malkina-Pykh I.G. Psikhologiya povedeniya zhertvy [The psychology of the victim's conduct]. Moscow: Publ. Eksmo, 2006. 1008 p.
  6. Psihologija posttravmaticheskogo stressa. Ch. 1. Teorija i metody. Prakticheskoe rukovodstvo [Psychology post-traumatic stress. Part 1. Theory and methods. A practical guide] In Tarabrina N.V. (ed.). Moscow: Publ. Kogito-Centr, 2007. 208 p.
  7. Tkachenko A.A., Dvorjanchikov N.V., Dogadina M.A. Ontogeneticheskie mehanizmy formirovanija sposobnosti k vosprijatiju gendernyh kachestv u nesovershennoletnih zhertv seksual'nogo nasilija [Ontogenetic mechanisms of formation of ability to perceive the gender of juvenile sexual assault victims] // Rossijskij Psihiatricheskij Zhurnal [Russian Journal of psychiatry]. 1999. no. 2. pp. 13–18. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  8. Trubicina L.V. Process travmy [The process of injury]. Moscow: Publ. Smysl, 2005. 218 p.
  9. Amstadter A., Vernon L. Emotional reactions during and after trauma: A comparison of trauma types // Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma. 2008. Vol. 16 (4). P. 391–408.
  10. Burgess A.W., Holmstrom L.L. Rape trauma syndrome // American Journal of Psychiatry. 1974. Vol. 131. P.981–986.
  11. Daignault I., Herbert M. Profiles of school adaptation: Social, behavioural and academic functioning in sexually abused girls // Child Abuse and Neglect. 2009. Vol. 33. P. 102–115.
  12. Fergusson D.M., Mullen P.E. Child sexual abuse: An evidence-based perspective. P.: Thousand Oaks CA Sage Publications, 1999. 144 p.
  13. Felitti V.J., Anda R.F., Nordenberg D., Williamson D F., Spitz A.M., Edwards V., et al. Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading cause of death in adults: The adverse childhood experiences (ACE) study // American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 1998. Vol. 14(4). P. 245–258.
  14. Finkelhor D. Early and long-term effects of child sexual abuse: An update // Professional psychology. 1990. Vol. 21. P. 325–330.
  15. Finkelhor D. Review of Child Sexual Abuse: New Theory and Research // Contemporary Sociology. 1985. Vol. 14, № 6. P.712–713.
  16. Ray K.C., Jackson J.L. and Townsley R.M. Family environments of victims of intrafamilial and extrafamilial child sexual abuse // Journal of Family Violence. 1991. Vol. 6. P. 365–374.
  17. Russel D. The incidence and prevalence of intrafamilial and extrafamilial sexual abuse in female children // Child Abuse &Neglect. 1983. Vol. 7. P. 133–146.

Information About the Authors

Elena V. Borisenko, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Department of Scientific and Methodological Support, Federal Resource Center for Psychological Service in the Education System, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Senior Researcher, Laboratory of Psychology of Child and Adolescence, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8864-1085, e-mail: nutskova@serbsky.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 2688
Previous month: 52
Current month: 27

Downloads

Total: 748
Previous month: 11
Current month: 5