Development and Testing of Assessment Scale For Xenophobic Attitudes (AXA Scale)

351

Abstract

The article describes the process of development and testing of the xenophobic attitudes assessment scale (AXA scale). The questionnaire is based on the concept of semantic attitudes and value orientations of D. A. Leontyev, as well as research in the field of xenophobia, nationalism and ethnic prejudices of modern researchers. The scale is designed to assess the nature and severity of xenophobic attitudes in adolescents aged 14-18 years. The empirical data of 100 adolescents (47 males and 53 females) with conditionally normative behavior (average age 15.6 ± 1.49) and 40 male adolescents temporarily detained in the center of juvenile offenders (average age 14.5 ± 0.25) were used for tools development. As a result of testing psychometric indicators were described, validity and reliability were checked. The AXA scale can be used for rapid assessment at the first stages of the prevention of extremist behavior in adolescents in order to identify individuals most prone to xenophobia in relation to foreigners.

General Information

Keywords: xenophobic attitudes, xenophobic attitudes rating scale, adolescence, prevention of xenophobic behavior.

Journal rubric: Legal Psychology of Childhood

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2019090411

For citation: Gurina O.D. Development and Testing of Assessment Scale For Xenophobic Attitudes (AXA Scale) [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2019. Vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 149–160. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2019090411. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Gurina O. D. Ksenofobskie ustanovki i lichnostnye osobennosti podrostkov s deviantnym povedeniem [Elektronnyi resurs] [Xenophobic attitudes and personality traits of adolescents with deviant behavior] Psikhologiya i pravo [Psychology and Law], 2016, no. 1. Available at: https://psyjournals.ru/psyandlaw/2016/n1/80669_full.shtml (Accessed 31.08.2019).(In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
  2. Gurina O. D. Psikhologicheskie faktory ksenofobnogo povedeniya u podrostkov: zarubezhnye issledovaniya [Elektronnyi resurs] [Psychological factors xenophobic behavior in adolescents: international study] Sovremennaya zarubezhnaya psikhologiya [Modern foreign psychology], 2018, T. 7, no 4. pp.40 — 45. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
  3. Leont'ev D. A. Psikhologiya smysla: priroda, stroenie i dinamika smyslovoi real'nosti [Psychology of meaning: nature, structure and dynamics of semantic reality]. 2-e izd., ispr. Moscow: Smysl, 2003. 487 p. (in Russ.).
  4. Malantseva O. D. Psikhologicheskie osobennosti formirovaniya ksenofobskikh ustanovok [Psychological peculiarities of formation of xenophobic attitudes] Psikhologiya i parvo [Psychology and Law], 2011, no 4. pp. 22-32. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
  5. Mitina O. V. Razrabotka i adaptatsiya psikhologicheskikh oprosnikov [Development and adaptation of psychological questionnaires]. Moscow: Smysl, 2011. 235 p. (in Russ.).
  6. Soldatova G. U., Shaigerova L. A. Psikhodiagnostika tolerantnosti lichnosti [Psychodiagnostics of tolerance of personality]. Moscow: Smysl, 2008. 172 p. (in Russ.).
  7. Tatarko A. N., Lebedeva N. M. Metody etnicheskoi i krosskul'turnoi psikhologii: ucheb.-metod. posobie [Methods of ethnic and cross-cultural psychology: scientific and methodical manual]. Moscow: Izd. dom Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki, 2011. 238 p. (in Russ.).
  8. Fazio R. H., Sanbonmastu D. M., Powell M. C., Karnes F. R. On the automatic activation of attitudes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1996. Vol. 50, pp. 229-238.
  9. Greenwald A. G., McGhee D. E., Schwartz J. L. K. Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition: The Implicit Association Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1998. Vol. 74, pp. 1464-1480.

Information About the Authors

Oksana D. Gurina, PhD in Psychology, Main Expert, Moscow Research Center, Associate Professor, Department of Legal Psychology and Law, Faculty of Legal Psyсhology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4369-5450, e-mail: godgur@yandex.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 1216
Previous month: 32
Current month: 11

Downloads

Total: 351
Previous month: 17
Current month: 7