The Origins of Corrupt Behavior: Psychological Aspect



The article presents data from a theoretical analysis of the phenomenon of corruption and corrupt practices. This phenomenon is perceived by scientists and practitioners more often in economic and legal aspects. Whereas from a psychological point of view, the authors analyze the definition of “corruption” only indirectly and somewhat distantly. Moreover, the psychological analysis of corruption issues mainly aline within the framework of moral, ethical and philosophical views. In this article, corruption and corruption practices are considered in the context of the activity approach of A.N. Leontiev. It is suggested that one of the reasons for the development of corrupt behavior of a person can be a shortage of personal and environmental resources of a person, which allow to reveal oneself in such a socio-psychological phenomenon as "deficiency of normative behavior" in the early stages of adulting. From the standpoint of the activity approach of A.N. Leont'ev suggested that deficiency discovers itself at three levels of life: physiological, mental, and personal. It is concluded that the deficiency of normative behavior contributes to the deformation of the personality structure, is in destructive mode and blocks the differentiation of mental functions reducing the dynamism of interpersonal interactions.

General Information

Keywords: corruption practices, corruption, activity approach, norm, normative behavior, deficiency.

Journal rubric: Psychology of Professional Activity

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Nurmuhametov E.A., Nurmukhametova I.F., Politika O.I. The Origins of Corrupt Behavior: Psychological Aspect [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2019. Vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 49–58. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2019090404. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Basov M.Ja. Izbrannye psihologicheskie proizvedenija [Selected Psychological Works]. Moscow: Pedagogika, 1975. 432 p.(In Russ.)
  2. Berezin S.V., Liseckij K.S., Nazarov E.A. Psihologija narkoticheskoj zavisimosti i sozavisimosti [Psychology of drug addiction and code dependency]. Moscow: MPA, 2001. 231 p. (In Russ.)
  3. Vygotskij L.S. Psihologija razvitija cheloveka [Psychology of human development]. Moscow: Smysl, Jeksmo, 2005. 1136 p. (In Russ.)
  4. Zakirova L.M. Lichnostnye osobennosti lic s korrupcionnym povedeniem [Personal characteristics of persons with corruption behavior]. Aktual'nye problem jekonomiki i prava [Actual Problems of Economics and Law]. 2012, no 4,pp. 26-34 (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.)
  5. Kokurin A.A. O strukturah malyh grupp i ih issledovanii [On the structures of small groups and their study]. In E.V. Shorohova, K.K. Platonov. (ed)Kollektiv i lichnost'[Team and personality] Moscow: Nauka, 1975,pp. 57-65
  6. Kulikov L.V. Psihogigiena lichnosti [The hygiene of the individual]. Saint Peterburg: Piter, 2004. 464 p. (In Russ.)
  7. Leont'ev A.N. Dejatel'nost', soznanie, lichnost' [Activity, consciousness, personality] Moscow: Politizdat, 1975. 130p.(In Russ.)
  8. Nurmukhametov E.A. K voprosu o normativnom povedenii podrostka v usloviyah shkol'nogo obucheniya [On the normative behavior of teenagers in terms of schooling] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2013. no. 4 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)
  9. Nurmukhametov E.A., Ivanova E.V. K voprosu ob izuchennosti i vozmozhnykh traektoriiakh resheniia problemy korruptsionnoi deiatelnosti v kontekste kompleksnogo mezhdistsiplinarnogo podkhoda [To the question of scrutiny and the possible trajectories of the solution to the problem of corruption in the context of an integrated, multidisciplinary approach]. Evraziiskii yuridicheskii zhurnal [Eurasian law journal]. 2017, no 9(112), pp. 291-292 (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.)
  10. Petrovskij V.A. K ponimaniju lichnosti v psihologii [To understanding personality in psychology] Voprosy psihologii [Questions of psychology]. 1981,no2,pp. 40-56. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.)
  11. Psihologija zdorov'ja [Health psychology]. In G.S. Nikifirova (ed). Saint Peterburg: Piter, 2006. 607 p.
  12. Radzihovskij L.A. Dejatel'nost': struktura, genez, edinicy analiza [Activity: structure, genesis, units of analysis] Voprosy psihologii [Questions of psychology]. 1983,no 6,pp.121-127 (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.)
  13. Rubinshtejn S.L. Osnovy obshhej psihologii [Basics of General psychology]. Saint Peterburg: Piter, 2002. 720p.(In Russ.)
  14. RudikP.A. Psihologija: uchebnik dlja studentov [Psychology: textbook for students]. Moscow: Fizkul'tura i sport, 1964. 462 p.(In Russ.)

Information About the Authors

Ernest A. Nurmuhametov, PhD in Psychology, senior lecturer, Bashkir State University, Ufa, Russia, e-mail:

Irina F. Nurmukhametova, PhD in Psychology, associate professor, associate professor of the department of general psychology, Bashkir State University, Ufa, Russia, e-mail:

Oksana I. Politika, PhD in Psychology, associate professor, associate professor of department of psychological support and clinical psychology, Bashkir State University, Ufa, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 1585
Previous month: 28
Current month: 16


Total: 406
Previous month: 4
Current month: 10