Lynching as an Indicator of Destructive Processes in Modern Russian Society

177

Abstract

The article updates the issue of the prevalence of vicious punishment of harm-doers in Russian society, since the presence of this ancient practice at this point of community development indicates destructive processes in it. The following socio-psychological determinants of this phenomenon are designed and highlighted: the growth of social aggressiveness, feelings of hatred or enmity, defects in legal psychology caused by the development of legal nihilism, disappointment in the effectiveness of law enforcement agencies against the backdrop of a high level of crime in the country, rejection of the humanism of domestic criminal policy, mindset and the criminalization of Russian society, the formation of addiction to revenge and lynching, cultivated by the media. The catalyst for lynching harm inflicted primarily by affect, frustration, stress and resentment caused by a crime or other offence, which nullify the restraining imperatives of behaviour. The author concludes that it is necessary to develop appropriate measures that are proposed in the work to eliminate this negative phenomenon in Russian society.

General Information

Keywords: lynching, socio-psychological determinants of lynching, social destruction, social aggression, hatred, enmity, social justice.

Journal rubric: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2020100107

For citation: Smirnov A.M. Lynching as an Indicator of Destructive Processes in Modern Russian Society [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2020. Vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 84–91. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2020100107. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Alekseev A.I. Ovchinsky V.S. Pogegailo E.F. Rossiyskaya ugolovnaya politika: preodoleniye krizisa [Russian criminal policy: overcoming the crisis]. Moscow: Norma, 2006.144 р.
  2. Alekseeva L.V. Pravovoye samoupravleniye lichnosti [Legal self-government of an individual]. Yuridicheskaya psikhologiya [Legal Psychology]. 2011. No. 1. S. 9-12.
  3. Blekborn R. Psikhologiya kriminal'nogo povedeniya [Psychology of criminal behavior]. Saint Petersburg: Piter, 2004. 496 s.
  4. Boskholov S.S., Badmaeva B.B. O ponyatii i kriteriyakh kriminologicheskoy obosnovannosti gumanizatsii ugolovnoy politiki [On the concept and criteria of criminological substantiation of the humanization of criminal policy]. Kriminologicheskiy zhurnal BGUEP [Criminological journal BSUEP]. 2012. No. 3. Pр. 28-34.
  5. Glezerman T.Ye. Zakony obshchestvennogo razvitiya: ikh kharakter i ispol'zovaniye [The laws of social development: their nature and use]. M.: Politizdat, 1979. 303 р.
  6. Korsantiya A.A., Maksimenko I.V. Osnovnyye prichiny determinatsii prestupnosti v Rossiyskoy Federatsii [The main reasons for the determination of crime in the Russian Federation]. Pravo i bezopasnost' [Law and security]. 2009. no 2. Рр. 100-105.
  7. Kriminologiya: uchebnik [Criminology: a textbook] / under the general. ed. A.I. Debt. 4th ed., Revised. and add. M .: NORMA — INFRA-M, 2010.912 р.
  8. Kunitsyn A. Istoricheskoye izobrazheniye drevnego sudoproizvodstva v Rossii [Historical depiction of ancient legal proceedings in Russia]. Saint Petersburg: Type. The Second Branch of the Property. e. chancery, 1843. 151 р.
  9. Lee D.A. Prestupnost' kak sotsial'noye yavleniye. Sistemnyy analiz. [Crime as a social phenomenon. System analysis]. Moscow: Gelva, 1997. 85 p.
  10. Luneev V.V. Epokha globalizatsii i prestupnost' [The era of globalization and crime]. Moscow: Yur.Norma, SIC INFRA-M, 2015. 272 p.
  11. Luneev V.V. Tendentsii prestupnosti: mirovyye, regional'nyye, rossiyskiye [Crime trends: global, regional, Russian]. Gosudarstvo i pravo [State and Law]. 1993. No. 4. Рр. 4-10.
  12. Mayyers D. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya [Social psychology]. Saint Petersburg: Praym-Yevroznak, 2002. 512 р.
  13. Milyukov S.F. Rossiyskoye ugolovnoye zakonodatel'stvo: opyt kriticheskogo analiza: monografiya [Russian criminal law: the experience of critical analysis: a monograph]. Saint Petersburg: Publishing House of the St. Petersburg Institute of Foreign Economic Relations, Economics and Law, 2000.279 p.
  14. Mozhginskiy YU.B. Podkhody k analizu tyazhelykh form antisotsial'nogo povedeniya v detskom i podrostkovom vozraste [Approaches to the analysis of severe forms of antisocial behavior in childhood and adolescence]. Yuridicheskaya psikhologiya [Legal psychology]. 2009. no 1. Рр. 40-46.
  15. Novgorodtsev P.I. Vvedeniye v filosofiyu prava. Krizis sovremennogo pravosoznaniya [Introduction to the philosophy of law. The crisis of modern justice]. Moscow: Nauka, 1996. 269 р.
  16. Ovchinsky V.S. Sud i samosud [Court and lynching] // URL: http://www.mk.ru/blog/posts/596-sud-i-samosud.html, (accessed 04.16.2019).
  17. Ponomareva L.V. Samosud: prichiny, sledstviya, vozmozhnosti predotvrashcheniya [Lynching: causes, effects, prevention options]. Rossiyskiy sledovatel' [Russian investigator]. 2009. No. 4. Рр. 21-25.
  18. Smirnov A.M. Kriminologicheskaya kharakteristika lits, sovershayushchikh samosudnyye raspravy v Rossii [Criminological characteristics of persons committing massacre in Russia]. Vestnik instituta: prestupleniye, nakazaniye, ispravleniye [Institute Herald: crime, punishment, correction]. 2013. No. 3 (23). Рр. 12-14.
  19. Smirnov A.M. Samosud v Rossii [Lynching in Russia]. Moscow: Yurlitinform, 2013.384 р.
  20. Smirnov A.M. Sotsial'no-psikhologicheskiye determinanty samosuda v Rossii [Socio-psychological determinants of mob law in Russia]. Yuridicheskaya psikhologiya [Legal Psychology]. 2013. No. 4. Pр. 28-31.
  21. Starkov O.V., Milyukov S.F. Nakazaniye: ugolovno-pravovoy i kriminologicheskiy analiz [Punishment: criminal law and criminological analysis]. Saint Petersburg: Legal Center Press, 2001. 461 р.
  22. Tagantsev N.S. Russkoye ugolovnoye pravo: lektsii [Russian criminal law: lectures]. Saint Petersburg: State Printing House, 1902. T. 1. 823 p.
  23. Teoreticheskiye osnovy issledovaniya i analiza latentnoy prestupnosti: monografiya [Theoretical bases of research and analysis of latent crime: a monograph] / pod red. S.M. Inshakova. M.: YUNITI-DANA: Zakon i pravo, 2011. 839 р.
  24. Fromm E. Anatomiya chelovecheskoy destruktivnosti [Anatomy of human destructiveness] // URL: http://www.gumer.info/bibliotek_Buks/Psihol/from_an/index.php, (accessed 04.04.2019).
  25. Entsiklopediya sovremennoy yuridicheskoy psikhologii [Encyclopedia of modern legal psychology] / Pod obshch. red. A.M. Stolyarenko. M.: YUNITI-DANA. 2003. 607 р.

Information About the Authors

Alexander M. Smirnov, PhD in Law, associate professor, Senior Researcher, Research Institute the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4779-4971, e-mail: vipnauka@list.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 1307
Previous month: 40
Current month: 21

Downloads

Total: 177
Previous month: 2
Current month: 7