Features of Relationship between Moral Judgments and Mental Model (on the Example of Adults with ASD)

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Abstract

The deficit of theory of mind (ToM) is considered by a number of authors as one of the risk factors for involvement in criminal activity for individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) (for example because of difficulties in understanding other people’s intentions). The relationship between the deficit of ToM and moral judgments is discussed. The methods of test diagnostics (“Moral dilemmas”, A-ToM) and the method of content analysis of answers to open questions on moral dilemmas were used. It is shown that individuals with ASD are less likely to give utilitarian answers to impersonal dilemmas, but regardless of the intact of ToM, there is a tendency to reduce the degree of utilitarianism from impersonal to personal dilemmas. It is also shown that individuals with ASD do not rely on the intentions of actors when reasoning about moral dilemmas, but not only individuals with ASD rely on conse-quences in such reasoning.

General Information

Keywords: theory of mind, autism spectrum disorders, moral judgment, moral dilemma

Journal rubric: Interdisciplinary Studies

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2022120114

Received: 15.08.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Nemzer E., Borodina L.G. Features of Relationship between Moral Judgments and Mental Model (on the Example of Adults with ASD) [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2022. Vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 180–195. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2022120114. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Elizaveta Nemzer, Student, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1337-4186, e-mail: zernemzer@gmail.com

Lyubov G. Borodina, PhD in Medicine, Associate Professor, Chair of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3058-1569, e-mail: bor111a@yandex.ru

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