Attitude to a Socially Dangerous Act as a Structural Element of the Legal Consciousness of Patients with Schizophrenia

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Abstract

The work is aimed at the study of clinical and psychological factors that determine the legal consciousness of schizophrenia patients who have committed SDA. The materials of an empirical study obtained on a sample of schizophrenia patients undergoing compulsory treatment in a psychiatric hospital are presented. The study involved male 62 patients aged 18 to 35 years. Methods of pathopsychological research: Dembo—Rubinstein’s “Self-assessment”, MMPI, “The level of subjective control” by Rotter, “Ways of coping behavior” by Lazarus, pathopsychological functional tests — “Exclusion of objects”, “Pictogram”. The pathopsychological features reflecting significant differences in the patients’ legal consciousness have been established. New psychological information confirms the need to personalize psychological support during compulsory treatment. The key aspects of psychological work aimed at the prevention of socially dangerous behavior are the consideration of the attitude of patients to the disease and to the committed offense, as well as their individual psychological characteristics in order to reduce maladaptive and criminogenic behavioral stereotypes and the transformation of defects of legal consciousness.

General Information

Keywords: patients with schizophrenia, socially dangerous acts (SDA), attitude to SDA, attitude to the disease, legal awareness, typology of attitude to the disease, typology of attitude to SDA, psychological support

Journal rubric: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2024140208

Received: 19.12.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Penyavskaya A.V., Stoyanova I.Ya. Attitude to a Socially Dangerous Act as a Structural Element of the Legal Consciousness of Patients with Schizophrenia [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2024. Vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 103–113. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2024140208. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Anastasia V. Penyavskaya, PhD in Psychology, Senior Lecturer, Department of Genetic and Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, National Research Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0009-0002-8278-3178, e-mail: a.penyavskaya@gmail.com

Irina Y. Stoyanova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor, Department of Psychotherapy and Counseling, National Research Tomsk State University, Tambov, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2483-9604, e-mail: ithka1948@mail.ru

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