Time Perspective in Normal and Pathological Aging: the Vitauct Theory



Recent decades have been characterized by an increase in elderly people in the population. Mental diseases are associated with old age, particularly depression. Besides the negative changes in ageing also exist processes of “antiageing”, or “vitauct” (Frolkis, 1988) which depend on personal and social impacts, in the connection of which time perspective (TP) plays a leading role. Th is prompts the importance of investigating TP. 48 elderly depressed patients aged from 50 to 80 and 26 older adults aged from 50 to 81 took part in the experiment. All patients were under treatment in the Mental Health Research Center (Moscow). Th e investigation employed ZTPI (Zimbardo, Boyd, 1999; Sircova, 2004) and STAI (Spielberger, 1972; Khanin, 1976) adapted for the Russian population. It was shown that the characteristics of TP in normal ageing refl ect the predominance of its positive aspects, while the negative ones are connected with a state anxiety which demonstrates their dynamism. Among “compensatory” mechanisms are “shift to the future” and active and responsible life position which refl ect psychological vitauct. Th e “depressive” TP profi le shows an ambivalent attitude to the past, helplessness in life organization, low orientation towards the future. Resources of the past, the possibility to get positive emotions in the present are not inaccessible to depressed people. Th ese results clarify how vitauct IS manifests in the ageing process (repective to TP), whose resources can play a supportive role for the compensation of negative changes

General Information

Keywords: vitauct, positive ageing, late life, time perspective, ZTPI, depression, anxiety, STAI

Journal rubric: 20th International Scientific Conference “Psychology of the 21st Century: Russian

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Mikeladze L.I. Time Perspective in Normal and Pathological Aging: the Vitauct Theory. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2016. no. 3, pp. 178–190. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision< /em>. New York, United Nations, 2013. 118 p.

Information About the Authors

Lika I. Mikeladze, postgraduate student, education psychologists, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: lika.mikeladze@gmail.com



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