Moral Disengagement: the Psychological Construct and its Measurement



Th e paper is the fi rst presentation of A. Bandura’s concept of moral disengagement and its eight mechanisms made in the Russian language. Various examples of empirical research of this construct conducted in diff erent countries for various purposes are described. Th ree empirical studies of the adaptation procedure for the original English version (authored by C. Moore) are provided in Russian translation: two studies describe the short scale (MD-8) adaptation procedures and the third one describes the longer scale (MD-24) adaptation procedure. It is shown that Cronbach’s alpha reliability index as well as the test-retest reliability coeffi cient are acceptable. Both scales for moral disengagement assessment (MD-8 and MD-24 in Russian) may be used for various purposes. Both scales’ questions/statements are provided.

General Information

Keywords: moral disengagement, scale adaptation, moral agency, Albert Bandura

Journal rubric: General Psychology, Personality Psychology, History of Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Ledovaya Y.A., Tikhonov R.V., Bogolyubova O.N., Kazennaya E.V., Sorokina Y.L. Moral Disengagement: the Psychological Construct and its Measurement. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2016. no. 4, pp. 23–39. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Ya. A. Ledovaya, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail:

Roman V. Tikhonov, PhD in Psychology, Junior Researcher, Laboratory for Cognitive Studies, Saint Petersburg State University, Junior Researcher, Laboratory of Sociology in Education and Science, HSE University — Saint Petersburg, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Olga N. Bogolyubova, PhD in Psychology, Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Psychology and Psychophysiology, Saint-Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail:

Elena V. Kazennaya, Senior Lecturer, Department of Psychological Anthropology, Childhood Institute, Moscow Pedagogical State University (MPSU), Associate Professor, Department ofPsychology, HSE University; Head of the Certification Committee and Co–Founder of EMDR Russia Association, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Yu. L. Sorokina, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, The Institute for the Humanities and Information Technologies (IGUMO&IT), Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



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