Musical Influence in the Practice of Correctional Psychology: the Emotional Aspect



The importance of musical influence upon correction of the emotional sphere of teenagers with a mild degree of mental retardation has been revealed. The emphasis is on providing the adequacy of the perception and graphic expression of the emotional content of different compositions by this group of teenagers. There were musical selections, offered for listening, which at the same time objectified emotions of joy, anger, sadness and tranquility. Teenagers with mild mental retardation are inferior to their unimpairedly intelligent coevals in emotion definition accuracy, especially anger and tranquility. The content analysis of free drawings made while listening to fragments of music demonstrated substantive and colour vicinity of graphic appearance of emotions, close hierarchy of the accuracy of emotion differentiation among teenagers with mild mental retardation and unimpaired intelligence. The coincidence of orientation of working capacity change was proved to be significant among teenagers with different level of mentality when listening to musical fragments of slow and fast tempo. The common characteristics as revealed enable us to assume the ability of teenagers with intellectual disturbances to adequately reflect the emotional content of the music that increases the objectivity of music therapy results in solving the problems of correctional psychology.

General Information

Keywords: emotions, mental retardation, musical influence, perception of music, emotional content of music

Journal rubric: Correctional Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Posokhova S.T., Izotova М.K. Musical Influence in the Practice of Correctional Psychology: the Emotional Aspect. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2017. Vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 395–408. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


Dmitrieva T.B. Otsenka psikhicheskogo zdorov’ia naseleniia kak vklad v demograficheskuiu politiku Rossii [Evaluation of the mental health of the population as a contribution to the demographic policy of Russia]. Ural’skii meditsinskii zhurnal [Ural Medical Journal], 2008, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 4–7. (In Russian)

Butorin G.G., Butorina N.E. Spetsializirovannaia pomoshch’ litsam s umstvennoi otstalost’iu: perspektivy i problemy razvitiia [Specialized assistance to persons with mental retardation: perspectives and problems of development]. Razvitie biopsikhosotsial’nogo podkhoda v sfere okhrany psikhicheskogo zdorov’ia [Development of the biopsychosocial approach in the field of mental health]. Tomsk, [b/i], 2005, issue 1, pp. 26–30. (In Russian)

Mamaichuk I.I. Psikhokorrektsionnye tekhnologii dlia detei s problemami v razvitii [Psychocorrectional technologies for children with developmental problems]. St. Petersburg, Rech Publ., 2006. 400 p. (In Russian)

Trubina E.N. Osobennosti vospriiatiia muzyki mladshimi shkol’nikami s umstvennoi otstalost’iu [Peculiarities of perception of music by younger schoolchildren with mental retardation]. Spetsial’noe obrazovanie [Special education], 2011, no. 3, pp. 84–91. (In Russian)

Nordoff P. Music therapy in special education. New Haven, Barcelona-Publishers, 1983. 199 p.

Alvin D., Uorik E. Muzykal’naia terapiia detei s autizmom [Music therapy of children with autism]. Moscow, Terevinf Publ., 2004. 206 p.

Medvedeva E.A., Levchenko I.Iu., Komissarova L.N., Dobrovol’skaia T.A. Artpedagogika i artterapiia v spetsial’nom obrazovanii [Art pedagogy and art therapy in special education]. Moscow, Publishing Center “Academy”, 2001, 246 p. (In Russian)

Petrushin V.I. Muzykal’naia psikhoterapiia: teoriia i praktika: Ucheb. posobie dlia stud. vyssh. ucheb. zavedenii [Music Psychotherapy: Theory and Practice: Manual for stud. ]. Moscow, VLADOS Publ., 2000. 175 p. (In Russian)

Smirnov M.A. Emotsional’nyi mir muzyki. Moscow, Muzyka, 1990. 318 p. 10. Gunby P. Music therapy a growing building. J.Amer. Med. Assoc. , 1981, vol. 245, no. 18, p. 1807.

Watson T. Music therapy with adults with learning disabilities. New York, Routledge Publ., 2007. 164 p.

Myskja A., Lindbaek M. Examples the use of music in clinical medicine. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 2000, vol. 120, no. 10, pp. 1186–1190.

Walker J.B. The use music as an assistance in development functional speech in the institutionalised mentally retarded. Journ. Music. Ther. , 2000, vol. 9, pp. 1–12.

Bol’shunova L.N. Vliianie muzykal’nykh sredstv na razvitie empatii lichnosti. Authoref. diss. … kand. psikh. nauk [The influence of musical means on the development of personality empathy. Thesis of PhD]. Novosibirsk, 2000. 19 p. (In Russian)

Romanova E. S., Potemkina O.F. Graficheskie metody v psikhologicheskoi diagnostike [Graphical methods in psychological diagnostics]. Moscow, Didact, 1992, 256 p.

Sobchik L.N. Metod tsvetovykh vyborov. Modifitsirovannyi tsvetovoi test Liushera: Metod. ruk-vo [Method of color choices. Lusher’s modified color test. Methodical guidance]. St. Petersburg, Rech Publ., 2001. 112 p. (In Russian)

Allan Dzh. Landshaft detskoi dushi [The landscape of the children’s soul]. Moscow, Per SE, 2006, 320 p. (In Russian)

Information About the Authors

Svetlana T. Posokhova, Doctor of Psychology, St. Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia

Мargarita K. Izotova, Institute of Special Pedagogics and Psycology, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 160
Previous month: 5
Current month: 4


Total: 64
Previous month: 1
Current month: 0