Psychological Content of Life Competence in a Situation of Solving the Ageing Problems of Youth

62

Abstract

The article reveals the psychological content of life competence of young people in the context of solving age-related problems. The hypothesis of the study was the assumption that the psychological content of life competence includes cognitive (autobiographical knowledge and knowledge of age-related problems), affective (emotions and feelings in relation to the solution of age-related problems), motivational (motives, needs and aspirations associated with the solution of age-related problems) and behavioral (strategies for solving age-related problems) components. The sample consisted of data obtained from 40 people aged 23 to 26 years. The study measured the level of development of life competence, representation in its psychological content of each component. It is established that in total all selected components are interconnected and form a single structure. The cognitive and behavioural components of life competence are actualised to the greatest extent, and the affective components are actualised to the least extent when solving age-related problems. It is empirically proved that subjectively significant age-related problems defining the potential development of the personality in youth, such as search of the calling and formation of the personality as the professional activities; active intrapersonal work on the understanding of “I” and the life as unique; aspiration to the identification of reality and ideal. Life competence the most popular to solve the following age-related problems in youth: self-reliance and responsibility as personality traits; family; finding your calling; the formation of personality as a professional are the most solvable agerelated problems that characterise the actual development of personality in this period.

General Information

Keywords: personality, life competence, developmental tasks, development, youth, content analysis

Journal rubric: Applied Research and Practice

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Ivankova D.L. Psychological Content of Life Competence in a Situation of Solving the Ageing Problems of Youth. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2018. Vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 381–395. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

Kruse A. Geriatre — Gesundheit und Kompetenzim Alter. Aufgaben der Pravention und Rehabilitation. Handbuch der Praventivmedizin. Hrsg P.J.Alhoff, J.Leidel, G.Ollenschlager, P.Voigt. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, Springer, 2007, pp. 601–628.

Nazarenko-Matveeva T.M. Sotsial’noe proektirovanie kak sredstvo formirovaniia zhiznennoi kompetentnosti obuchaiushchikhsia [Social design as a means of forming of vital competence of students]. Vestnik RMAT, 2015, no. 3. Available at: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/sotsialnoe-proektirovanie-kak-sredstvoformirovaniya-zhiznennoy-kompetentnosti-obuchayuschihsya (accessed: 05.10.2016). (In Russian)

Demchuk E. Tezaurus zhittevoi kompetentnostі molodі [Thesaurus life kompetentnost mood]. Ukraїns’kij naukovij zhurnal osvіta regіonu Polіtologіya psihologіya komunіkacіi [Ukrainian journal of education region Politology psychology communications], 2013, no. 2. Available at: http://social-science.com.ua/ article/1075 (accessed: 03.03.2017). (In Ukraine)

Rubinshtejn S.L. Bytie i soznanie. Chelovek i mir [Being and consciousness. Man and the world]. St. Petersburg, Piter, 2003. 269 p. (In Russian)

Leont’ev D.A. Psikhologiia svobody [Psychology of freedom]. Integral’naia psikhologiia [Integral psychology]. Available at: http://i-psy.ru/content/view/87/119/ (accessed: 12.05.2018). (In Russian)

Nurkova V.V. Analiz fenomenov avtobiograficheskoi pamiati s pozitsii kul’turno-istoricheskogo podkhoda [Analysis of autobiographical memory phenomena from the standpoint of cultural and historical approach]. Kul’turno-istoricheskaia psikhologiia [Cultural and historical psychology], 2008, no. 1, pp. 17–25. (In Russian)

Zimnyaya I.A. Kliuchevye kompetentsii — novaia paradigma rezul’tata obrazovaniia [Key competence — a new paradigm of the result of education]. Vysshee obrazovanie segodnia [Higher education today], 2003, no. 5, pp. 34–42. (In Russian)

Afanas’eva T.P., Nemova N.V. Professional’noe razvitie kadrov munitsipal’noi sistemy obrazovaniia. T. 1. Razvitie professional’nogo masterstva pedagogicheskikh kadrov [Professional development of personnel of the municipal education system. Vol. 1. Development of professional skills of teaching staff]. Moscow, APKiPRO, 2004. 116 p. (In Russian)

Klement’eva M.V. Teoretiko-metodologicheskii smysl poniatiia «resurs razvitiia» vzroslogo cheloveka [Theoretical and methodological meaning of the concept of “Resource development” adult]. Izvestiia TulGU. Gumanitarnye nauki [ Humanities], 2012, no. 2, pp. 326–336. (In Russian)

Ivankova D.L. Issledovanie vzaimosviazi zhiznennoi kompetentnosti i tolerantnosti k neopredelennosti v molodosti [Study of correlation between life competence and ambiguity tolerance in youth]. Chelovek v usloviiakh neopredelennosti: sb. nauch. tr.: v 2 t. [Man under uncertainty: proceedings in 2 vol. ]. Eds E.V.Bakshutova, O.V.Yusupova, E.Yu. Dvojnikova. Samara, Samar. gos. tekhn. un-t, 2018, vol. 1, pp. 56–60. (In Russian)

Ivankova D.L. Izuchenie zhiznennoi kompetentnosti molodykh liudei [The study of life competence of young people]. Psikhologicheskie problemy smysla zhizni i akme: sb. mat-lov XXIII mezhdunar. simpoziuma [Psychological problems of the meaning of life and Acme: collection of materials of the XXIII International Symposium]. Eds G.A.Vaizer, N.V.Kisel’nikova, T.A.Popova. Moscow, Psikhologicheskii institut RAO Publ., 2018, pp. 324–327. (In Russian)

Information About the Authors

Daria L. Ivankova, post-graduate student, Tula State University, Tula, Russia, e-mail: lazs@inbox.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 127
Previous month: 2
Current month: 0

Downloads

Total: 62
Previous month: 0
Current month: 0