Distress at Women: Before and After Pregnancy

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Abstract

The article reveals the specifics of distress of women in the dynamic for during pregnancy and after childbirth. The study analyzes and describes the data collected for 86 women. Methods based on the transactional theory of stress were used to accomplish scientific tasks. The hypothesis was supported that pregnancy for modern women is accompanied by lasting distress. Not only personal, but also environmental (family) factors are involved in creating distress. The results of measurement demonstrate a statistically significantly higher level of distress in contrast to the period after childbirth. Statistically significant changes for all coping-strategies, with the exception of the strategy “self-control which remains at the level initially measured,” were demonstrated. Correlation analysis showed that the level of perceived stress had high significant correlations (besides scale “phobias”) with every scale of the symptom questionnaire. Perceived stress was also connected with such a coping-strategy as “avoidance” and with the personal trait “emotional stability,” but there was a reverse (negative) correlation. The significant results obtained should be considered, especially in regards to the psychological accompaniment of pregnant women.

General Information

Keywords: pregnancy, distress, personality traits, symptoms, perceived stress, coping-strategies, type of relation to pregnancy, dynamics of psychological data

Journal rubric: Empirical and Experimental Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16.2019.406

Funding. The study is supported by the RFBR grant № 19-013-00417a.

For citation: Ababkov V.A., Burina E.A., Pazaratskas E.A., Kapranova S.V. Distress at Women: Before and After Pregnancy. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2019. Vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 401–410. DOI: 10.21638/spbu16.2019.406. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Valentin A. Ababkov, Doctor of Medicine, Professor, Professor, Chair of Medical Psychology and Psychophysiology, Psychological Department, Saint-Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1925-8397, e-mail: valababkov@mail.ru

Ekaterina A. Burina, PhD in Psychology, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: e.a.burina@spbu.ru

Elena A. Pazaratskas, Medical Psychologist, Women Consultation N 33, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: 9446642@gmail.com

Sofia V. Kapranova, Postgraduate Student, St. Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: sph.sph92@gmail.com

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