“Grounded Theory” as a Method of Psychological Mapping of Social Situations

133

Abstract

This article, of a methodological genre, substantiates the qualitative approach to the study of social situations. Acceptance of contextuality in cognition and action, the study of dynamic relationships of the individual and environment, objective and subjective measurements of their interaction in everyday life, the formation of the concept of man as a situation (L.Ya. Ginsburg) — modern psychology does not have tools for the realization of these theoretical aspirations in research practices. It is proposed to use one of the classical methods of qualitative analysis ‘Grounded theory’, familiar to sociologists and to a lesser extent psychologists. The following types of Grounded theory stand out: first generation (positivist) and second generation (postmodern). In reality, A. Clarke’s version of qualitative analysis turns into semantic mapping situations that closely resembles the Russian tradition of social cognition, which always takes into account the role of perception, categorization and interpretation of situations by their immediate participants as members of various communities and groups (G.M. Andreeva, N.V. Grishina). The article demonstrates the procedures for constructing situational maps: theoretical sampling, inductive-deductive (abductive) strategy of data analysis, constant comparative analysis, memo writing, and coding. The main steps and techniques of the method are illustrated by the results of the empirical study of magical practices (clairvoyance, astrology, palmistry, fortune telling) in the modern metropolis. Qualitative analysis of ten in-depth interviews with representatives from “magic professions” working in one of the esoteric centers of Moscow, allows for the creation of a semantic map of the marginal situation of their social activity. The article concludes that qualitative research methodology is ‘sensitive’ to the context and it can be considered as the most convenient tool for studying social situations. The specific method of Grounded theory, initially developed in sociology, is the answer to the quest of modern psychology, whose theoretical innovations to a large extent unexpectedly defined empirical research.

General Information

Keywords: qualitative methods in psychology, Grounded theory, situational approach, personality and situation

Journal rubric: Theoretical and Methodological Problems in Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16.2020.102

For citation: Khoroshilov D.A., Mashkov D.S. “Grounded Theory” as a Method of Psychological Mapping of Social Situations. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2020. Vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 18–32. DOI: 10.21638/spbu16.2020.102. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Dmitry A. Khoroshilov, PhD in Psychology, Senior Research Associate, Department of Social Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4688-1934, e-mail: d.khoroshilov@gmail.com

Dmitry S. Mashkov, Master Program Student, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: pravdasaturn@gmail.com

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