Personality Psychology and Anthropological Discourse: in Search of New Approaches

35

Abstract

Modern anthropology is a cycle of disciplines that study a person in culture and are devoted to various aspects of human existence. At the same time, in international discourse, anthropolo- gy is most often understood today as sociocultural anthropologies. However, due to historical and political reasons, neither social, nor cultural, nor psychological anthropology appeared in Russia in the 20th century as institutionalized research directions, and the study of variations in personality development in a variety of cultures took place not so much in psychology as it was scattered in the interdisciplinary space of socio-humanitarian sciences. Today, this situation has not only repeatedly reflected disadvantages, but also less obvious advantages. Spontaneous transdisciplinarity is becoming an important resource in the social sciences, in- cluding psychology. Interacting research fields produce mixed methods and methodologies; cognitive focuses are shifting from traditional subjects of study to mobile research projects; from subject-oriented to problem-oriented research. Personality psychology, sociology of changes, anthropology of our time are included in the intellectual movement, comprehending the issues of how to study a person in a transitive society; how to investigate a personality in change; how to comprehend individuality in the transformations of everyday life, identity in the transformations of the global world. At the same time, responding to current challenges by searching for new approaches and methodologies, psychology, sociology and anthropology are collectively participating in the transformation of the model of cognition. It is suggested that in the current cognitive situation, anthropological discourse can serve as a source of re- newal and critical rethinking of psychological concepts, a space of possibilities in the develop- ment of personality psychology. Materials are presented that confirms this assumption.

General Information

Keywords: methodology, personality psychology, anthropological approach, man and the world, modernity, transdisciplinarity

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16.2022.203

Funding. The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project no. 20-013-00075, “Man in everyday life: psychological phenomenology and patterns”.

Received: 01.02.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Guseltseva M.S. Personality Psychology and Anthropological Discourse: in Search of New Approaches. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2022. Vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 132–149. DOI: 10.21638/spbu16.2022.203. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

Artemova, O. Yu. (2020). A bit of academic reflection. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie, 2, 93–101. (In Russian)
Asmolov, A. G. (2007). Psychology of Personality. Cultural-historical understanding of human development. Moscow, Smysl Publ. (In Russian)
Asmolov, A. (ed.) (2018). Mobilis in mobili: personality in an era of change. Moscow, YaSK Publ. (In Russian) )
Asmolov, A. G., Galiev, A. (2020). Let’s consider meanings. Anthropological research helps to develop the Russian school. Kommersant” — Nauka, 6, 42. Available at: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/4292023(accessed: 23.12.2021). (In Russian) )
Asmolov, A. G., Soldatova, G. U. (2009). The art of living with different people. Moscow, Moskoviia Publ. (In Russian)
Baiburin, A. (ed.) (2005). Special issue for the VI Congress of Ethnographers and Anthropologists. Antropologicheskii forum. St Petersburg: Muzei antropologii i etnografii im. Petra Velikogo (Kunstkamera) RAN Press, 6–220. (In Russian)
Bardier, G. L. (2007). Scientific bases of social psychology of tolerance. St Petersburg: Nevskii institut iazyka i kul’tury Press; MIRS Press. (In Russian)
Barnes, J. A. (1954). Class and committees in a Norwegian Island Parish. Human Relations, 7, 39–58. Available at: https://pierremerckle.fr/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/Barnes.pdf (accessed: 25.12.2021).
Barnes, J. A. (1990). Models and Interpretations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ).
Barth, F. (1989). The Analysis of Culture in Complex Societies. Ethnos, 54, 120–142.
Bazhanov, V., Shol’ts, R. V. (eds) (2015). Transdisciplinarity in philosophy and science: approaches, problems, prospects. Moscow, Navigator Publ. (In Russian)
Bratus’, B. S. (1997). On the problem of man in psychology. Voprosy psikhologii, 5, 3–19. (In Russian)
Bringa, T., Bendixsen, S. (eds) (2016). Engaged Anthropology: Views from Scandinavia. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Bryant, R., Knight, D. M. (2019). The Anthropology of the Future. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. )
Eriksen, Т. Н. (2003). Creolization and creativity. Global Networks, 3 (3), 223–237.
Eriksen, Т. Н. (2007). Creolization in Anthropological Theory and in Mauritius. In: Stewart Ch. (ed.).

Creolization: History, Ethnography, Theory. (рр. 154–177). Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.

Eriksen, Т. Н. (2006). Engaging Anthropology: The Case for a Public Presence. Oxford: Berg Publishers.
Eriksen, Т. Н. (2015). Small Places, Large Issues. An Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology. London: Pluto Press.
Eriksen, T. H., Garsten, C., Randeria, S. (eds) (2015). Anthropology Now and Next. Essays in Honor of Ulf Hannerz. Brooklyn: Berghahn Books.
Eriksen, Т. Н., Nielsen, F. S. (2013). A History of Anthropology. London: Pluto Press. Hannerz, U. (1992). Cultural Complexity. New York: Columbia University Press.
Hannerz, U. (1997). Flows, Boundaries and Hybrids: Keywords in Transnational Anthropology. Mana (Rio de Janeiro) , 3 (1), 7–39.
Hannerz, U. (2010). Anthropology’s World: Life in a Twenty-first-century Discipline. London: Pluto Press.
Hannerz, U. (2016). Writing Future Worlds: An Anthropologist Explores Global Scenarios. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Grishina, N. V. (2013). Changes of life situation: situational approach. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniia, 6 (30), 3. https://doi.org/10.54359/ps.v6i30.684 (In Russian)
Grishina, N. V. (2015). Existential psychology in search of development vector. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniia, 8 (42), 2. https://doi.org/10.54359/ps.v8i42.529 (In Russian)
Grishina, N. V. (ed.). (2019). Psychology of personality: Staying in change. St Petersburg: St Peterburg University Press. (In Russian)
Grishina, N. V., Kostromina, S. N. (2017). Personality psychology: rethinking traditional approaches in context challenges of modern reality. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniia, 10 (52), 1. https://doi. org/10.54359/ps.v10i52.385 (In Russian)
Gusel’tseva, M. S. (2016). The principle of development in modern psychology: challenges of polyparadigmality and transdisciplinarity. In: Zhuravlev, A. L., Sergienko E. A. (eds). Development and implementation of the principle of development in modern psychology (рр. 31–51). Moscow, Institute of Psychology RAS Press. (In Russian)
Gusel’tseva, M. S. (2017). Everyday life psychology: methodology, history and perspectives. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniia, 10 (51), 12. https://doi.org/10.54359/ps.v10i51.397 (In Russian)
Gusel’tseva, M. S. (2021a). Anthropology of modernity: man and the world in the stream of transformations. Monograph: in 3 parts. Part 1. Moscow, Akropol’ Publ. (In Russian)
Gusel’tseva, M. S. (2021b). The problem of man in Russian psychology and beyond. Vestnik RGGU. Ser. Psikhologiia. Pedagogika. Obrazovanie, 2, 72–95. (In Russian)
Kapferer, B. (2005). Situations, Crisis, and the Anthropology of the Concrete: The Contribution of Max Gluckman. Social Analysis, 49 (3), 85–122. https://doi.org/10.3167/015597705780275110
Khoroshilov, D. A. (2022). Psychology of social cognition in a changing society. Moscow, Akropol’ Publ. (In Russian)
Kostromina, S. N., Grishina, N. V. (2021). Emerging as a subject of research in personality psychology. Voprosy psikhologii, 4, 21–37. (In Russian)
Kozhanovskii, A. N. (2018). Spanish Anthropology: “Rebirth” and the Difficulties of Growth, In: Martynova M. Yu. (ed.). Modern European socio-cultural anthropology and ethnology. Historiographical essays (рр. 63–102). Moscow, Institute of Anthropology and Ethnography RAS Press. (In Russian)
Lévi-Strauss, C. (2016). Knowing others. Anthropology and contemporary problems. Moscow, Tekst Publ. (In Russian)
Leont’ev, D. A. (2004). Towards differential anthropology. In: Nauka i budushchee: idei, kotorye izmeniat mir: tez. dokl. mezhdunar. konf. Moskva, 14–16 aprelia 2004 (рр. 107–109). Moscow. (In Russian)
Leont’ev, D. A. (2007). Anthropology of entertainment. In: Dukov E. V. (ed.). City of Entertainment: Observations. Analyses. Stories (рр. 62–68). St Petersburg: Dmitriy Bulanin Publ. (In Russian)
Leont’ev, D. A. (2010). Personality in an unpredictable world. Metodologiia i istoriia psikhologii, 5 (3), 120–140. (In Russian)
Leont’ev, D. A. (2011). Anthropology of happiness: The state of well-being and the way of joy. Chelovek, 5, 34–46. (In Russian)
Leont’ev, D. A. (2019). On existential anthropology. In: Leont’ev D. A., Fam A. Kh. (eds). Sed’maia Vserossiiskaia nauchno-prakticheskaia konferentsyia po ekzistentsial’noi psikhologii: Materialy soobshchenii (рр. 5–10). Moscow, Smysl Publ. (In Russian)
Loginova, N. A. (2017). Problem of man in modern Russian. Chelovek i mir, 1 (1), 81–110. (In Russian)
Markham, A. N. (2013) Remix culture, remix methods: Reframing qualitative inquiry for social media contexts. In: Denzin N., Giardina M. (eds). Global Dimensions of Qualitative Inquiry (рр. 63–81). Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.
Markham, A. N. (2017). Remix as a literacy for future anthropology practice. In: Salazar J. F., Pink S., Irving A., Sjöberg J. (eds). Anthropologies and Futures: Researching Emerging and Uncertain Worlds (рр. 225– 242). London: Bloomsbury.
Martsinkovskaya, T. D. (2015). Modern psychology — challenges of transitivity. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya, 8 (42), 1. https://doi.org/10.54359/ps.v8i42.533 (In Russian)
Martsinkovskaya, T. D. (2017). Psychology of everyday life: an oxymoron or a new trend in psychology. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya, 10 (56), 1. https://doi.org/10.54359/ps.v10i56.340 (In Russian)
Orlova, E. A. (2010). History of anthropological doctrines. Moscow: Akademicheskii proekt Publ. (In Russian)
Рink, S., Salazar, J. F. (2017). Anthropology and futures: Setting the agenda. In: Salazar J. F., Pink S., Irving A., Sjöberg J. (eds). Anthropologies and Futures: Researching Emerging and Uncertain Worlds (рр. 3–22). London: Bloomsbury.
Puzyrei, A. A. (2005). Psychology. Psychotechnics. Psychology. Moscow, Smysl Publ. (In Russian)
Rabinow, P., Marcus, G. E., Faubion, J. D., Rees T. (2008). Designs for an Anthropology of the Contemporary. Durham: Duke University Press.
Rees, T. (2018). After Ethnos. Durham; London: Duke University Press.
Rees, T. (2020). From the anthropocene to the microbiocene. The novel coronavirus compels us to rethink the modern concept of the political. Noema Magazine. June 10. Available at: https://www.noemamag.com/from-the-anthropocene-to-the-microbiocene/ (accessed: 21.07.2021).
Riegel, K. F., Meacham, J. A. (2007). The Developing Individual in a Changing World. Vol. I: Historical and Cultural Issues. London: Routledge.
Sergienko, E. A. (2021). Mental development from the standpoint of the system-subject approach. Moscow, Institute of Psychology RAS Press. (In Russian).
Skripkina, T. P. (2013). Psychology of tolerance. Moscow, FIRO Publ. (In Russian)
Sokolovskii, S. V. (2008). Russian anthropology and problems of its historiography. Antropologicheskii forum, 9, 123–153. (In Russian)
van Lange, P. A. M. (ed.) (2006). Bridging Social Psychology: Benefits of Transdisciplinary Approaches. Mahwah: Erlbaum.
Vertovec, S. (2007). Super-Diversity and Its Implications. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 30 (6), 1024–1053. Vertovec, S. (ed.) (2014). Routledge International Handbook of Diversity Studies. New York: Routledge.
Zinchenko, V. P. (1996). From classical to organic psychology. Voprosy psikhologii, 5, 7–20. (In Russian)
Znakov, V. V. (2020). Psychology of Possible: A New Direction for Research in Understanding. Moscow, Institute of Psychology RAS Press. (In Russian)
Znakov, V. V. (2016). Psychology of understanding the human world. Moscow, Institute of Psychology RAS Press. (In Russian)

Information About the Authors

Marina S. Guseltseva, Doctor of Psychology, Senior Researcher, Psychological Institute, Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: mguseltseva@mail.ru