Psychological Stability of the Personality in The Light of the Psychology of Values: the Dialectic of Constancy and Variability

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Abstract

THe issues of value transformations today come to the fore in educational practices and psychological research, includes different levels of cognition, forms a common problem field in the social sciences and the humanities, where a person’s value priorities are considered as prerequisites for his behavioral strategies, subjective preferences and political choices. However, the problem of relationship between values and psychological stability of a person in a transitive society remains insufficiently studied. THe purpose of the article is to discuss the psychological stability of a person in the context of the psychology of values. It has been established that reliance on values in a situation of sociocultural changes, awareness and self-reflexivity are prerequisites for the psychological stability of a person, which, depending on different research angles, can be interpreted in two ways: on the one hand, as self-determination, an internal locus of control, adherence to independently chosen life guidelines, on the other hand, adaptability, flexibility, readiness to situationally respond to changes and rebuild behavioral strategies. In this regard, the dialectic of constancy and variability becomes a methodological basis for interpreting the psychological stability of a person as a complex and antinomic process. Values connect subjective and objective, emotional and conceptual, existential and cognitive content, acting as a kind of bridge between the studies of personality and society, the methodology of psychology and social sciences. THe transdisciplinary approach is consistently used as a methodological strategy aimed at generalizing in a single conceptual framework the relationship between personality development, the evolution of society and culture, the dynamics of values changing in the course of sociocultural transformations. In this context of transdisciplinary discourse, a construct is introduced and substantiated — the axiological space of socialization. THe construct makes it possible to combine both directed influences on a person from the side of his social environment and educational institutions, as well as dispersed, diffuse, latent influences due to current changes in everyday life and the peculiarities of the modern way of life. It is assumed that in methodological terms, the axiological space of socialization contributes to the integration of research into the psychology of personality, the psychology of subject, the psychology of everyday life in the field of social sciences.

General Information

Keywords: methodology, psychology of values, psychological stability of a person, subject, axiological space of socialization, transdisciplinary approach

Journal rubric: Theory and Methodology of Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16.2023.301

Funding. The study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project no. 22-18-00140 “Dynamic stability of personality in the space of sociocultural uncertainty”.

Received: 27.04.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Guseltseva M.S. Psychological Stability of the Personality in The Light of the Psychology of Values: the Dialectic of Constancy and Variability. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2023. Vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 290–309. DOI: 10.21638/spbu16.2023.301. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

Alekseeva, O. S., Rzhanova, I. E. (2019). Values and their relationship to basic personality traits. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya, 12 (63), 10. Available at: https://psystudy.ru/index.php/num/article/view/233 (accessed: 12.01.2023). (In Russian)

Information About the Authors

Marina S. Guseltseva, Doctor of Psychology, Leading Researcher at the Adolescent Psychology Laboratory, Psychological Institute, Russian Academy of Education, Leading Researcher at the Institute of Social Sciences of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0545-0612, e-mail: mguseltseva@mail.ru

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