The Structure of Basic Life Orientations: Ethno-Cultural Aspect (Using the Example of the Chinese Version of the Subject-Object Orientations Questionnaire)

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Abstract

Basic life orientations characterize the general objective of personality and depend on culture, traditions and mentality. Adequate psychological techniques are essential for cross-cultural studies. The aim of this study was to adapt the Russian-language Questionnaire of Subject- Object Orientations in Chinese. The following tasks were solved: equivalent translation of the questionnaire into Chinese; analysis of the discriminativity of items and the questionnaire as a whole; identification of the Chinese version factor structure; determination of its validity and reliability. The questionnaire was adapted among 1,471 Chinese students of the University of Guizhou Province (China). The survey of respondents was carried out according to six Chi- nese versions, in different samples. The adapted Chinese version of the questionnaire consists of 11 items included in three factors: 1) the courage to challenge difficulties; 2) the desire for inner harmony; 3) clarity of purpose in life. This structure of basic life orientations differs significantly from the four-factor structure inherent in Russians (three factors characterizing different aspects of the creative personal orientation in life situations, and the transsituational locus of control). According to the results of psychometric analysis, the Chinese version of the questionnaire provides assessments of statements on a 5-point Likert scale, unlike the Rus- sian version with an alternative choice of answers. The Chinese version of the questionnaire has high reliability and validity and can be used to study the life orientations of the Chinese. The use of this version will contribute to the development of scientific and cultural exchange between Russia and China.

General Information

Keywords: basic life orientations, Questionnaire of Subject-Object Orientations, Chinese version, psychometric justification, factor structure of life orientations, cultural conditioning

Journal rubric: Empirical and Experimental Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16.2023.404

Funding. The research was supported by an internal grant of the Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia (project no. 19VG).

Received: 01.05.2023

For citation: Korjova E.Y., Qin P., Veselova E.K., Dvoretskaya M.Y. The Structure of Basic Life Orientations: Ethno-Cultural Aspect (Using the Example of the Chinese Version of the Subject-Object Orientations Questionnaire). Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2023. Vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 493–508. DOI: 10.21638/spbu16.2023.404. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

Burlachuk, L. F. (2008). Dictionary-handbook of Psychodiagnostics. 3rd ed. St. Petersburg, Piter Publ. (In Russian)

Information About the Authors

Elena Y. Korjova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1128-1421, e-mail: elenakorjova@gmail.com

Pengfei Qin, PhD Student Department of Information Science and Electronic Engineering, Zhejiang University, China, e-mail: 243911360@qq.com

Elena K. Veselova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5513-305X, e-mail: elkonves16@yandex.ru

M. Y. Dvoretskaya, Doctor of Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Developmental Psychology and Education, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Russian State Pedagogical University named after A.I. Herzen (FSBEI HE RGPU named after A.I. Herzen), St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4321-8360, e-mail: dtzky@rambler.ru

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