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Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 1992

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal


Burnout Level in Medical Residents Doing Internship in Emergency Medicine Hospital before the Pandemic 293


Matyushkina E.Y.
PhD in Psychology, Assistant Professor at the Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Chair, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia

Mikita O.Y.
PhD in Psychology, Head of Educational and Clinical Department, Researcher, Department of Kidney and Pancreas Transplantation, N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute of Emergency Medicine, Moscow, Russia

Kholmogorova A.B.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia

The review of modern studies on the issue of professional burnout in young doctors and medical residents revealed the highest emotional distress in young residents doing internships in intensive care and emergency units. The paper presents the results of the study on 143 medical residents in the multi-profile hospital of emergency medicine. The methodical complex used included Maslach Burnout Inventory, Symptom Checklist‐90‐Revised (SCL-90-R) by L. Derogatis, and a survey on the attitude to professional troubles. Most young doctors pointed out the close relationship between problems with physical health and emotional wellbeing to their professional activity. The vast majority of the participants met the criteria for burnout, as indicated by high emotional exhaustion (69%) and depersonalization (85%) indications from the Maslach Inventory. Although most residents didn’t endorse any problems in communicating with the patients, their high level of depersonalization is more likely to attest to formalizing their relationships with the patients as opposed to having high social competence. The yielded results let us conclude that it is necessary to develop and implement into training programs for medical residents of the multi-profile hospital of emergency medicine programs promoting their communication competence, coping with distress, and preventing professional burnout.

Keywords: professional burnout of medical residents, emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, professional successfulness, emotional distress, mental health

Column: Challenges for Health and Education during the Pandemic


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