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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2011

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Specificity of Understanding of Deception at Presenile and Senile Age 1302

Melehin A.I.
PhD in Psychology, Clinical Psychologist of the Highest Qualification Category, Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapist, Somnologist-Consultant, Medical center "Laguna Med", Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5633-7639
e-mail: clinmelehin@yandex.ru

Abstract
The article shows that since the age of 61-74, partial changes are observed in the understanding of deception with a predominance of an emotional-egocentric shift. There are no difficulties in understanding the social situation and the ability to draw conclusions about the false beliefs of only one person (“first-order” representations). At presenile (61-74 years) and senile (75-90 years) age, there is a shortage of representations of the "second" order of the mental model. The phenomenon of denial of socio-cognitive changes or specific cognitive anosognosia (i.e. most people at senile age do not notice a change in understanding of fraud) is described. General predictors of the deception understanding are highlighted: socio-demographic (level of education) and psychological (symptoms of depression, solitude, satisfaction with the quality of life, subjective age) as well was age-specific predictors: changes in family, work status, cognitive functioning and polymorbidity.

Keywords: deception, understanding of deception, mental model, elderly, senile age, victimization, fraud, social cognition.

Column: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2019090414

For Reference

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