Reconciliation Discourses and Problems of Institutionalization of Reconciliation Procedures in Criminal Cases

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Abstract

The global trend of development of new approaches in criminal proceedings, as well as the emerging domestic practice of restorative justice in the last two decades set objective prerequisites for the institutionalisation of conciliation procedures in criminal cases in Russian law. However, attempts to legislate them have not yet been successful. The author considers the clash of socio-cultural discourses as a key factor of resistance to innovation. The article analyses the difference between the understanding of reconciliation in the concept of restorative justice and the dominant legal discourse on reconciliation in criminal cases, and considers the main ideas of the draft laws developed by the initiative working group of the Public Centre for Judicial and Legal Reform in 2020 and 2021. It is shown that interpreting the characteristics of restorative justice in terms of unproblematised legal axioms contradicts the proposed initiatives. The identification of the discursive grounds behind the different positions, against the background of increasing recognition of the role of reconciliation procedures, is a prerequisite for improving the conceptual system that corresponds to the objectives of modern humanistic criminal justice.

General Information

Keywords: reconciliation, reconciliation discourses, reconciliation procedures, restorative justice programs, restorative mediation, dispute resolution mediation

Journal rubric: Interdisciplinary Studies

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2024140217

Acknowledgements. The author thanks S. A. Pashin and O.P. Kiseleva for their joint work on draft laws on reconcilia-tion in criminal cases, as well as all Russian specialists whose dedicated work in promoting and conducting restorative justice programs became the basis of legal developments and allowed us to determine the direction of this research.

Received: 10.04.2024

Accepted:

For citation: Karnozova L.M. Reconciliation Discourses and Problems of Institutionalization of Reconciliation Procedures in Criminal Cases [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2024. Vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 239–253. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2024140217. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Ludmila M. Karnozova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Legal and Forensic Psychology and Law, Faculty of Legal and Forensic Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0925-910X, e-mail: karnozova@yandex.ru

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