Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 10, no. 2)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

CrossRef

Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2011

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Values-related and Moral Foundations of legal Nihilism of Youth 38

Protasova I.N.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor at the Chair of Pedagogy and Psychology, Shukshin Altai State University for Humanities and Pedagogy, Biysk, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7728-705X
e-mail: protasovain@mail.ru

Sychev O.A.
PhD in Psychology, Research Fellow, Department of Research Activities, Shukshin Altai State Humanities Pedagogical University, Biysk, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0373-6916
e-mail: osn1@mail.ru

Anoshkin I.V.
PhD, Associate professor of Department of Social Psychology, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Simferopol, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9569-9584
e-mail: iva105@mail.ru

Abstract
Researching the psychological causes of legal nihilism in young people is urgent nowadays due to the considerable negative effect which this problem has on the society. Previous studies of psychological causes of legal nihilism often didn't take into account contemporary theoretical approaches (such as Moral Foundations Theory by J. Haidt) and relied on tools with unknown psychometric characteristics. The current research checked the hypothesis of values-related and moral foundations of legal nihilism in young people. Values were diagnosed with PVQ-R2 Questionnaire (S.Schwartz et al.), moral sphere - with Moral Foundations Questionnaire MFQ-Ru (O.A.Sychev et al.). In order to diagnose legal nihilism, a questionnaire was made which includes two scales characterizing disbelief in the law either as a generalized attitude (ideological legal nihilism) or disbelief in the law enforcement system as a result of enforcement practices (pragmatic legal nihilism). By the use of the confirmatory factor analysis it was shown that the separation of these constructs within the structure of legal nihilism (despite their strong correlation) was justified. Based on a sample of 283 students we established that legal nihilism in its different aspects is supported by the values of openness to changes, including independence of thought and conduct, hedonism and seeking stimulation, whereas it is opposed by the conservative values, including safety, tradition and conformism. Using structured linear modeling it was shown that belief in the rule of law is supported by autonomy ethics whereas trust in the law enforcement system is supported by community ethics. The results refine the conclusions previously drawn about the relationship between legal nihilism and values and add to the idea about morals as the basis of legal consciousness.

Keywords: legal consciousness, legal awareness, legal nihilism, moral foundations, values

Column: Judicial Psychology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2020100311

For Reference

Funding

This work was supported by grant RFBR № 18-013-00119 «Values and moral foundations as a basis for social world view of youth».

References

1.   Beznosov D.S. Sotsial'no-psikhologicheskii analiz otnosheniya lichnosti k pravu [Socio-psychological analysis of person's attitude to law]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psychological Journal], 2013, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 36—46. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).

2.   Borisova N.V. Osobennosti moral'noi i pravovoi sotsializatsii molodogo pokoleniya rossiyan [Features moral and legal socialization of the younger generation of russians]. Lichnost' v izmenyayushchikhsya sotsial'nykh usloviyakh [Personality in changing circumstances]. Krasnoyarsk, 25—26 oktyabrya 2017 goda. Krasnoyarsk: Krasnoyar. gos. ped. un-t im. V.P. Astaf'eva, 2017, pp. 19—24. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).

3.   Vlasov V.I. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava [Theory of the state and law]. Rostov-na-Donu: Feniks, 2002. 365 p.

4.       Volovikova M.I. Nravstvenno-pravovye predstavleniya v rossiiskom mentalitete [Moral and legal ideas in russian mentality]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psychological Journal], 2004, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 16—23. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).

5.   Gulevich O.A., Golynchik E.O. Pravosoznanie i pravovaya sotsializatsiya. Analiticheskii obzor [Legal awareness and legal socialization. The analitical survey]. M.: Mezhdunarodnoe obshchestvo im. L.S. Vygotskogo, 2003. 270 p.

6.   Gulyaikhin V.N. Psikhosotsial'nye formy pravovogo nigilizma cheloveka [Psychosocial forms of legal nihilism]. Yuridicheskie issledovaniya [Legal studies], 2012, no. 3, pp. 108—148. doi: 10.7256/2305-9699.2012.3.240. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).

7.   Davydov D.G., Khlomov K.D. Metodika diagnostika dispozitsii nasil'stvennogo ekstremizma [Diagnostics of Dispositions of Violent Extremism]. Psikhologicheskaya diagnostika [Psychological Diagnostics], 2017, vol 14, no. 1, pp. 78—97. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).

8.   Zaikin V.A. Moral'noe funktsionirovanie: sotsial'no-psikhologicheskii podkhod. Sotsial'no-intuitivistskaya teoriya Dzh. Khaidta [Moral functionaing: Socio-psychological approach. Social-intuitivist theory by J. Haidt]. Natsional'nyi psikhologicheskii zhurnal [National Psychological Journal], 2017, no. 1 (25), pp. 32—38. doi: 10.11621/npj.2017.0104. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).

9.   Il'in I.S. Problema negativnogo otnosheniya k pravu v Rossii [The problem of negative attitude towards law in Russia]. Lichnost'. Kul'tura. Obshchestvo [Personality. Culture. Society], 2009, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 345—351.

10.    Kazberov P.N.., Bovin B.G., Fasolya A.A. Psikhologicheskii profil' terrorista [Elektronnyi resurs] [Terrorist's Psychological Profile]. Psikhologiia i pravo [Psychology and Law], 2019, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 141—157. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2019090311. URL: https://psyjournals.ru/psyandlaw/2019/n3/109355.shtml (Accessed 17.03.2020) (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).

11.    Kozlova M.A., Kozlov A.I. Istoki morali, orientirovannoi na individa i gruppu: sotsial'no-psikhologicheskii i estestvenno-nauchnyi aspekty [The origins of inolividual-oriented and group-oriented morality: social-psychological and scientific aspects]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psychological Journal], 2016, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 60—70. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).

12.    Matuzov N.I. Pravovoi idealizm kak oborotnaya storona pravovogo nigilizma [Legal idealism as a reverse side of legal nihilism]. Pravovaya kul'tura [Legal Culture], 2013, no. 1, pp. 8—18. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).

13.    Monakov V.V. Tendentsii razvitiya pravovogo nigilizma v srede rossiiskoi molodezhi (po rezul'tatam sotsiologicheskogo issledovaniya) [Tendencies to Legal Negativism Among Russian Young People (based on results of a sociological survey)]. Integratsiya obrazovaniya [Integration of Education], 2013, no. 1, pp. 77—81. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).

14.    Muslumov R.R. Pravovoe soznanie lichnosti [Legal awareness of personality]. Yekaterinburg: Izd-vo Ural, un-ta, 2013. 84 p.

15.    Nikolaeva O.P. Issledovanie etnopsikhologicheskikh razlichii moral'no-pravovykh suzhdenii [The study of ethnopsychological differences in moral judgments]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psychological Journal], 1995, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 79—88. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

16.    Noss I.N., Bulygina V.G., Kabanova T.N. Zavisimost' pravosoznaniya ot individual'no-psikhologicheskikh osobennostei gosudarstvennykh sluzhashchikh [Elektronnyi resurs] [Dependence of Legal Awareness on the Individual Psychological Characteristics of Public Officers]. Psikhologiia i pravo [Psychology and Law], 2019, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 33—48. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2019090403. URL: https://psyjournals.ru/psyandlaw/2019/n4/Noss_Bulygina_Kabanova_full.shtml (Accessed 17.03.2020) (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).

17.    Sychev O.A., Bespalov A.M., Prudnikova M.M., Vlasov M.S. Osobennosti moral'nykh osnovanii u mongol'skikh, nemetskikh i rossiiskikh podrostkov [Features of Moral Foundations in Mongol, German and Russian Adolescents]. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya [Cultural-Historical Psychology], 2016, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 85—96. doi: 10.17759/chp.2016120109 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).

18.    Sychev O.A., Protasova I.N., Belousov K.I. Diagnostika moral'nykh osnovanii: aprobatsiya russkoyazychnoi versii oprosnika MFQ [Diagnosing moral foundations: Testing of the Russian

version of the Moral Foundations Questionnaire]. Rossiiskii psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Russian Psychological Journal], 2018, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 88—115. doi: 10.21702/rpj.2018.3.5 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).

19.    Tumanov V.A. Pravovoi nigilizm v istoriko-ideologicheskom rakurse [Legal nihilism in historical-ideological perspective]. Gosudarstvo i pravo [State and Law], 1993, no. 8, pp. 52—58. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).

20.    Shvarts Sh., Butenko T.P., Sedova D.S., Lipatova A.S. Utochnennaya teoriya bazovykh individual'nykh tsennostei: primenenie v Rossii [Theory of Basic Personal Values: Validation in Russia]. Psikhologiya. Zhurnal Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki [Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics], 2012, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 43—70. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).

21.        Yasyukova L.A. Pravosoznanie: diagnostika i zakonomernosti razvitiya [Legal awereness: Diagnostics and patterns of development]. Prikladnaya psikhologiya [Applied psychology], 2000, no. 4, pp. 1—13. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).

22.    Graham J., Nosek B.A., Haidt J., Iyer R., Koleva S., Ditto P.H. Mapping the Moral Domain. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2011, vol. 101, pp. 366—385. doi: 10.1037/a0021847.

23.    Haidt J. The emotional dog and its rational tail: a social intuitionist approach to moral judgment. Psychological review, 2001, vol. 108, no. 4, pp. 814—834. doi: 10.1037/0033-295X.108.4.814.

24.    Martin J.D., McConnell J.P. Black militant ideology and the law. Some Indications from a Questionnaire Study. Criminology, 1972, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 111—116. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1972.tb00547.x.

25.    Tapp J.L., Kohlberg L. Developing senses of law and legal justice. Journal of social issues, 1971, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 65—91. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.1971.tb00654.x.

 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????