The Girls in Sport and Ballet: Eating Behavior, Attitude to Own Body, Interpersonal Interaction and Understanding of Themselves 1618
clinical psychologist, Federal biomedical agency, Moscow, Russia
MA in Psychology, Senior Lecturer, Differential Psychology Chair, Department of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
Research is devoted the study of features of eating behavior and of personality traits in four female groups: of professional players of the basketball (N=14), of figure skaters (N=6), professional dancers (N=7) and control group (N=10). In total 37 girls aged 11–15 years participated in the study. The results showed that professional factors affect eating behavior: Girls from sports teams have had a tendency to bulimia, Dancers and figure skaters showed restrictive eating behavior. The both experimental groups showed higher scores on a scale of «Asceticism», compared with the control group. For basketball players and partly figure skaters were also characterized by such personality traits as «Dissatisfaction with their own body», «The difficulty of interacting with other people», «Poor understanding of their own feelings» and «Fear of maturity», players of the basketball, figure skaters, professional dancers.
Keywords: the risk of eating disorders, restrictive disorders of eating behavior, dissatisfaction by body, difficulties of interpersonal interaction, interpersonal distrust, poor understanding of own feelings, interoceptive awareness, fear of maturity
Column: Empirical research
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