General Problems of Professional Orientation of Young People with Severe Mental Development Disorders and Intellectual Disabilities 36
psychologist of the Center for Social Adaptation and Professional Training for Young People with Autism Spectrum Disorders with Mental Disabilities, Technological College № 21, Moscow, Russia
In Russian society, more preciseattention is paid to the problems of vocational guidance, training, employment of young people with severe mental disabilities. This article reveals the problems of professional orientation of young people with severe mental development disorders. The specialists of the Center for Social Adaptation and Professional Training of Young People with Autism Spectrum Disorders with Mental Disabilities at Technological College No. 21 in Moscow for a long time deal with professional orientation and education of people with severe mental disorders. The Center for Social Adaptation and Professional Training for Young People with Autism Spectrum Disorders with Pronounced Mental Disabilities Technological College No. 21 in Moscow is working on vocational guidance and training. The work demonstrates the importance of the process of vocational guidance for people with severe developmental disorders, Also article reveals certain difficulties in solving this problem. Two large groups of problems are distinguished - external and internal: social problems that impede the ability of young people with severe mental disabilities to choose a profession, and problems associated with the organization of career guidance activities themselves. It is noted that new opportunities for career guidance are currently opening up, as specialists shift the focus from the limitations of young people to their advantages and opportunities.
Bordovskaya N.V., Rean A.A. Pedagogika: Uchebnik
dlya vuzov [Pedagogy: Textbook for higher education]. Saint Petersburg: Publ.
Piter, 2000. 304 p. ISBN 5-8046-0174-1.
Volkova O.O., Golovina G.A. Opyt i perspektivy
professional'nogo obucheniya molodykh lyudei s autizmom [Experience and
perspectives of professional education for young people with autism].
Professional'noe obrazovanie. Stolitsa [Professional education.
Capital]. 2018, no. 5, pp. 28–32.
Vozmozhnosti trudoustroistva dlya lyudei s autizmom
[Opportunities in employment for autistic people] [Web resource]. On RIA
]. 22.02.2013. URL:
Golovina G.A. Analiz sostava vospitannikov s
vyrazhennymi mental'nymi problemami, poluchayushchikh professional'nuyu
podgotovku v kolledzhe [Analysis of the composition of the group of students
with severe mental disorders receiving professional training in college].
Voprosy psikhicheskogo zdorov'ya detei i podrostkov [Topics of mental
health in children and teenagers]. 2016, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 80–85.
Golovina G.A., Popov Yu.I., Volkova O.O.
Organizatsiya postshkol'nogo professional'nogo obucheniya i sotsial'no-trudovoi
adaptatsii molodykh lyudei s mental'nymi narusheniyami [The organization of a
post secondary school professional training and social-labor adaptation of
young people with mental disturbances]. Inklyuziya v obrazovanii
[Inclusion in education]. 2018, vol. 2, no. 1 (9), pp. 60–73.
Vybor podkhodyashchei professii dlya
lyudei s autizmom ili sindromom Aspergera [Choosing the Right Job for People
with Autism or Asperger's Syndrome] [Web resource].On Sindrom Aspergera
Klimov E.A. Chelovek kak sub"ekt truda i problemy
psikhologii [Human as a subject of labor and issues of psychology]. Voprosy
psikhologii [Issues of psychology]. 1984, no. 4, pp. 5–14.
Klimov E.A. Psikhologiya professional'nogo
samoopredeleniya: Uchebnoe posobie dlya studentov vysshikh pedagogicheskikh
uchebnykh zavedenii [Psychology of professional self-identification: Manual for
students in higher education]. Moscow: Publ. Akademiya, 2004. 304 p. ISBN
Matveeva M.V. Osobennosti professional'noi
napravlennosti shkol'nikov s tyazhelymi i mnozhestvennymi narusheniyami
razvitiya [Features of direction in employment prospects for school students
with severe and multiple development disorders]. Nauka, tekhnika i
obrazovanie [Science, technology and education]. 2014, no. 4, pp.
Morozov S.A., Morozova T.I., Belyavskii B.V.
Nekotorye voprosy professional'noi orientatsii podrostkov i vzroslykh s
rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spektra [Some issues of professional orientation
of adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorders]. Autizm i
[Autism and Developmental Disorders (Russia)
2016, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 3–20.
Professional'naya orientatsiya invalidov i lits s OVZ v
sisteme mnogourovnevogo obrazovaniya: organizatsionnye i metodicheskie aspekty:
materialy Vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii: g. Moskva, 18
noyabrya 2016 g. [Career quidance for people with disabilities in the system of
multilevel education: proceedings of the national scientific and practical
conference: Moscow, November 18, 2016]. Moscow: Publ. Moscow State University
of Humanities and Economics, 2016. 847 p. ISBN 978-5-9799-0082-7.
Rezapkina G.V. Organizatsiya raboty po
proforientatsii i profadaptatsii detei-invalidov i lits s OVZ:
uchebno-metodicheskii komplekt [Organization of career guidance and
professional adaptation for children and adults with disabilities: teaching and
methodical kit]. Syktyvkar: Publ. KRIRO [Komi Republic Institute of Development
in Education], 2014. 48 p.