Intellectual competitiveness of a country: the problem of national IQ mediation 400
Doctor of Psychology, Chief Researcher of the Laboratory of Psychology and Psychophysiology of Creative Activity, Institute of Psychology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
PhD in Psychology, Researcher, Laboratory for Psychology and Psychophysiology of Creativity, Institute of Psychology of RAS, Moscow, Russia
The study investigates the link between intellectual competitiveness of a country with the national IQ — the evaluation of the intelligence of a population. The hypothesis about a mediation of this link by such variables as expenses for research, the number of specialists who conduct research, the patent index, is tested. The results indicate that expenses on research and number of specialists, conducting research, but not patent index, probably, mediate relation between national IQ with such indications of intellectual competitiveness as the share of a high technological production in export.
Gelade G.A. IQ, cultural values, and the technological
achievement of nations. Intelligence, 2008, no. 36, pp. 711—718.
Grigor’ev A.A. Nacional’nyj IQ i innovacionnaya aktivnost’
strany [National IQ and innovative activity of a country]. Sibirskij
psihologicheskij zhurnal [Siberian Psychological Journal], 2016, no. 60,
Grigor’ev A.A., Suhanovskij V.YU. Geografiya nauchnogo
tvorchestva [Geography of a scientific creativity]. Sovremennye
issledovaniya intellekta i tvorchestva [Modern research of intelligence and
creativity]. A.L. Zhuravlev, D.V. Ushakov, M.A. Holodnaya. Moscow, izd-vo
«Institut psihologii RAN», 2015.
Lynn R. Race differences in intelligence, creativity and
creative achievement. Mankind Quarterly, 2007, vol. 48, no. 2, pp.
Lynn R., Vanhanen T. Intelligence. A Unifying Construct
for the Social Sciences. London, Ulster Institute for Social Research,
Morse S. The geography of tyranny and despair: development
indicators and the hypothesis of genetic inevitability of national inequality.
The Geographical Journal, 2008, vol. 174, no. 3, pp. 195—206.
Rindermann H., Sailer M., Thompson J. The impact of smart
fractions, cognitive ability of politicians and average competence of peoples
on social development. Talent Development & Excellence, 2009, vol.
1, no. 1, pp. 3—25.
Schwartz S.H. Universals in the content and structure of
values: Theory and empirical tests in 20 countries. Advances in
experimental social psychology. M. Zanna. N.Y., Academic Press, 1992, pp.