Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 9, no. 1)

Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-4977

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Individually-personal factors of pension stress in representatives of the intellectual type of professions 83

Berezina T.N.
PhD in Psychology, Professor, Moscow Institute of Psychology and Sociology, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8188-237X
e-mail: tanberez@mail.ru

Rybtsova N.N.
PhD in Biology, Project Manager, MRC, Center for Regenerative Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Great Britain
e-mail: rybnat@yahoo.com

Rybtsov S.A.
PhD, Research Fellow, MRC, Center for Regenerative Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Great Britain
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7786-1878
e-mail: s.rybtsov@ed.ac.uk

Fatianov G.V.
Psychologist, Celebinsky State Pedagogical University, Chelyabinsk, Russia
e-mail: gregoryfatyanov@gmail.com

Abstract
The article introduces data from the study of the severity of social anxiety caused by the expectation of retirement and subsequent retirement; highlights signs of retirement stress: acceleration of biological aging, the discrepancy of psychological and biological age. It also regards individual-personal factors of biopsychological aging. The article presents the results of an empirical study of the biopsychological age of people – Russians by origin – pursuing intel-lectual professions and living in the European Union and in Russia. All the participants were continuing their research activity and were aged from 32 to 70 years, both living in Russia (n=101, women, 62), and having migrated to the European Union countries (n=101, women 56). Methods of assessing biological age with regard on health indicators, subjective psychological age, as well as the questionnaire of life path were applied. The results showed that in Russian sample the signs of retirement stress are more pronounced: the subjects have an acceleration of biological aging at the age of 51–65 years. The personal strategies for preventing retirement stress and maintaining relative juvenility, typical for the intellectual occupation professionals, were singled out: for men — democratic working conditions, positive attitude, collaborative non-ambitious non-aggressive behaviour; and for women — wellbeing, respectful partnership in the couple, friendly working conditions; multiple changes of place of residence. However, the difference in relative juvenility strategy for residents in Russian and EU was also observed.

Keywords: retirement stress, life path, intellectual type of professions, cross-cultural research, biological age, psychological age.

Column: Social psychology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp.2020090101

For Reference

Funding

This work was supported by grant RSF № 19-18-00058.

Acknowledgements

The authors thank all project participants for their assistance in collecting data for the study.

Podcast
References
  1. Abulkhanova K.A., Berezina T.N. Lichnostnaya organizatsiya individual'noi prodolzhitel'nosti zhizni [The personal organization of individual life expectancy] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Chelovecheskii capital [Human capital], 2018. Vol. 119, no. 11–2, pp. 180–185. URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=36435231 (Accessed 23.03.2020). (In Russ.).
  2. Avgustova L.I. K voprosu o prodolzhitel'nosti zhizni predstavitelei psikhologicheskoi nauki [To the question of the life expectancy of representatives of psychological science]. In Krylova A.A. (ed.), Tezisy nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii «Anan'evskie chteniya-99» [Theses of the scientific-practical conference «Ananiev readings-99»]. St. Petersburg: Izd-vo S.-Peterburgskogo un-ta, 1999, pp. 84–85. (In Russ.).
  3. Anisimov V.N., Zharinov G.M. Srednii vozrast smerti i dolgozhitel'stvo muzhchin-uchenykh razlichnykh spetsial'nostei [The average age of death and the longevity of male scientists of various specialties]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 16. Biologiya [Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 16. Biologiya], 2016. Vol. 4, pp. 12–18. (In Russ.).
  4. Berezina T.N. Vospitanie dobra [The education of good]. Moscow: Sputnik+, 2015. 99 p. (In Russ.).
  5. Berezina T.N. Pensionnyi stress – kak psikhofiziologicheskii fenomen [Retirement stress as a psychophysiological phenomenon]. Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika [Psychology and Psychotechnics], 2019. Vol. 4, pp. 15–27. DOI:10.7256/2454-0722.2019.4.30910 (In Russ.).
  6. Berezina T.N., Stelmakh S.A., Dergacheva E.V. Vliyanie pensionnogo stressa na biopsikhologicheskii vozrast v Rossii i v Respublike Kazakhstan: kross-kul'turnoe issledovanie [Influence of Retirement Stress on Biopsychological Age in Russia and the Republic of Kazakhstan: Cross-Cultural Research]. Psikholog [Psychologist], 2019. Vol. 5, pp. 11–26. DOI:10.25136/2409-8701.2019.5.31159 (In Russ.).
  7. Berezkin V.G., Bulyanitsa A.L. O nekotorykh demograficheskikh kharakteristikakh chlenov rossiiskoi akademii nauk v XX veke [About some demographic characteristics of members of the Russian Academy of Sciences in the XX century] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Uspekhi gerontologii [Successes of gerontology], 2007. Vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 29–39. URL: http://www.medline.ru/public/uspechi-ger/29-39_berez.pdf (Accessed 23.03.2020). (In Russ.).
  8. Voitenko V.P. Biologicheskii vozrast [Biological age]. In Aripchin N.I. (ed.), Biologiya stareniya [Biology of Aging]. Leningrad: Nauka, 1982, pp. 102–115. (In Russ.).
  9. Markina L.D. Opredelenie biologicheskogo vozrasta cheloveka metodom V.P. Voitenko [Determination of the biological age of a person by V.P. Voitenko] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Vladivostok, 2001. 29 p. URL: https://www.studmed.ru/view/markina-ld-opredelenie-biologicheskogo-vozrasta-cheloveka-metodom-vp-voytenko_d7e0de85f91.html (Accessed 23.03.2020). (In Russ.).
  10. Strizhitskaya O.Yu. Sovremennye problemy psikhologii stareniya [Modern problems of the psychology of aging]. In Nikiforova G.S. (et al.), Zdorovaya lichnost' [Healthy personality]. Saint Petersburg: Rech', 2013, pp. 336–355. (In Russ.).
  11. Tretyakova EA, Khasanova R.R. Vliyanie vykhoda na pensiyu na sostoyanie zdorov'ya pozhilykh: obzor zarubezhnykh issledovanii [The effect of retirement on the health status of the elderly: a review of foreign studies] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Vestnik NGUEU [Bulletin of NSUU], 2018. Vol. 1, pp. 168–185. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/vliyanie-vyhoda-na-pensiyu-na-sostoyanie-zdorovya-pozhilyh-obzor-zarubezhnyh-issledovaniy/viewer (Accessed 23.03.2020).
  12. Tsai S.P. et al. Age at Retirement and Long Term Survival of an Industrial Population: Prospective Cohort Study. British Medical Journal, 2005. Vol. 331, pp. 995–997. DOI:10.1136/bmj.38586.448704.E0
  13. Rudolph M.D. et al. At risk of being risky: the relationship between “brain age” under emotional states and risk preference. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 2017. Vol. 24, pp. 93–106. DOI:10.1016/j.dcn.2017.01.010
  14. Neupert S.D. et al. Back to the Future: Examining Age Differences in Processes Before Stressor Exposure. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 2019. Vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 1–6. DOI:10.1093/geronb/gby074
  15. Bamia C., Trichopoulou A., Trichopoulos D. Age at retirement and mortality in a general population sample: the Greek EPIC study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 2008. Vol. 167, no. 5, pp. 561–569. DOI:10.1093/aje/kwm337
  16. Barefoot J.C., Williams R.B., Dahlstrom W.G. Hostility, CHD Incidence, and Total Mortality: A 25-Year Follow-Up Study of 255 Physicians. Psychosomatic Medicine, 1983. Vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 59–63.
  17. Brockmann H., Muller R., Helmert U. Time to retire – Time to die? A prospective cohort study of the effects of early retirement on long-term survival. Social Science and Medicine, 2009. Vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 160–164. DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.04.009
  18. Dave D., Rashad R.I., Spasojevic J. The effects of retirement on physical and mental health outcomes. Southern Economic Journal, 2008. Vol. 75, no. 2, pp. 497–523. DOI:10.3386/w12123
  19. Werner C.M. et al. Differential effects of endurance, interval, and resistance training on telomerase activity and telomere length in a randomized, controlled study. European Heart Journal, 2019. Vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 34–46. DOI:10.1093/eurheartj/ehy585
  20. Coenen P. et al. Do highly physically active workers die early? A systematic review with meta-analysis of data from 193 696 participants. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2018. Vol. 51, no. 20, pp. 1320–1326. DOI:10.1136/bjsports-2017-098540
  21. Tuomi K. et al. Effect of retirement on health and work ability among municipal employees [Elektronnyi resurs]. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 1991. Vol. 17, pp. 75–81. URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/40965946?seq=1 (Accessed 23.03.2020).
  22. Friedman M., Rosenman R. Type A behavior and your heart. New York: Knopf, 1974, 276 p.
  23. Goh J., Pfeffer J., Zenios S. Exposure To Harmful Workplace Practices Could Account For Inequality In Life Spans Across Different Demographic Groups. Health Affairs, 2015. Vol. 34, no. 10, pp. 1761–1768. DOI:10.1377/hlthaff.2015.0022
  24. Haynes S.G., McMichael A.J., Tyroler H.A. Survival after early and normal retirement. Journal of Gerontology, 1978. Vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 269–278. DOI:10.1093/geronj/33.2.269
  25. Kuhn A., Wuellrich J.P., Zweimuller J. Fatal attraction? Access to early retirement and mortality. IZA Discussion Paper 5160. Germany: Bonn, Institute for the Study of Labor, 2010. 58 p.
  26. Morris J.K., Cook D.G., Shaper A.G. Loss of employment and mortality. British Medical Journal, 1994. Vol. 308, no. 6937, pp. 1135–1139. DOI:10.1136/bmj.308.6937.1135
  27. Karlsson N.E. et al. Mortality in relation to disability pension: findings from a 12-year prospective population-based cohort study in Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 2007. Vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 341–347. DOI:10.1080/14034940601159229
  28. Liem F. et al. Predicting brain-age from multimodal imaging data captures cognitive impairment. Neuroimage, 2017. Vol. 148, pp. 179–188. DOI:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2016.11.005
  29. Snowdon D. Aging with Grace: What the Nun Study Teaches Us About Leading Longer, Healthier, and More Meaningful Lives. Random House Publishing Group, 2008. 256 р.
  30. Adler N. et al. Socioeconomic status and health: The challenge of the gradient. American Psychologist, 1994. Vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 15–24. DOI:10.1037/0003-066X.49.1.15
  31. Stephan Y., Sutin A.R., Terracciano A. Feeling older and risk of hospitalization: evidence from three longitudinal cohorts. Health Psychology, 2016. Vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 634–637. DOI:10.1037/hea0000335
  32. Berezina T.N. et al. The expectation of retirement as a psychological stress affecting the person’s biological age (on the materials of the Russian Federation). Religación. Revista de ciencias sociales y humanidades, 2019. Vol. 4, no. 19, pp. 988–994.
  33. Gallo W.T. et al. The impact of late career job loss on myocardial infarction and stroke: a 10 year follow up using the health and retirement survey. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2006. Vol. 63, no. 10, pp. 683–687. DOI:10.1136/oem.2006.026823
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????