Features of the Development of the Educational Route for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

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Abstract

The difficulties in developing an educational route for students with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) de- termined by both the heterogeneity of this group of students and the wide variation in the severity of autistic disorders in specific children. In addition, the lack of systematization of the experience of involving school- children with autism in the Russian educational system is other point. The individual educational route for a child with ASD, presented in the article, involves a phased metered expansion of social contacts of a student with ASD with adults and children in the process of training. Child’s abilities, corresponding to the level of his self-control and self-awareness, as well as the actual experience of the child’s involvement in social relations primarily taken into account in the development of individual education environment at each of educational stages. This gives an opportunity to develop an educational environment aimed at preventing of pathological forms of autistic protection and which has a developing potential. The following stages of teaching at a school of a student with an ASD described: individual stage, stage of including in the group, education in a special class of low occupancy, integrative stage.

General Information

Keywords: autism spectrum disorders, ASD, special education needs, educational route, education stages, zone of actual development, individual educational route, “reverse integration” principle

Journal rubric: Expert opinion

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd.2020180107

For citation: Shargorodskaya L.V. Features of the Development of the Educational Route for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Autizm i narusheniya razvitiya = Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020. Vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 62–75. DOI: 10.17759/autdd.2020180107. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Lyudmila V. Shargorodskaya, PhD in Education, special education teacher, Autonomous Nonprofit Organization of Additional Education «Children Development Center “Ester”», senior lecturer of the Institute of Special Education and Complex Rehabilitation, the chair of oligophrenopedagogy & clinical basics of special education, Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5479-6935, e-mail: lushar@yandex.ru

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