Comparative Analysis of the Effectivenessof the Using of Direct and Generalized Conditional Reinforcement in the Development of a Skill of Solving of Simple Arithmetic Problems in a Child with ASD



Within the framework of the applied behavior analysis, a comparison of the effectiveness of the direct and the generalized reinforcement was made during the teaching the skill of distinguishing arithmetic operations in mathematical problems. The study was conducted in two phases over two weeks with a 9-year-old girl with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The first phase included training of multiplication and addition tasks, using tangible reinforcement, compared to the training of the arithmetic performance in division and subtraction tasks, using generalized reinforcement. The second phase included the training of discrimination between different arithmetic operations, but tangible and generalized reinforcements were used in variable mode. The results showed no differences in the effectiveness of both generalized and tangible reinforcements in the teaching process. The participant successfully learned to discriminate between different arithmetic operations as addition, multiplication, subtraction and division in single-component tasks.

General Information

Keywords: utism spectrum disorders, applied behavior analysis, direct reinforcement, generalized reinforcement, mathematical problem, multiplication, division, addition, subtraction

Journal rubric: Education & Intervention Methods

Article type: scientific article


Acknowledgements. The author thanks for the training and mentoring to Yulia Ertz, project director of «Autism: Corrective work based on behavioral analysis (ABA). Theory and Practice»

For citation: Kolesnikova Y.V. Comparative Analysis of the Effectivenessof the Using of Direct and Generalized Conditional Reinforcement in the Development of a Skill of Solving of Simple Arithmetic Problems in a Child with ASD. Autizm i narusheniya razvitiya = Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021. Vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 52–58. DOI: 10.17759/autdd.2021710206. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Yulia V. Kolesnikova, psychologist, behavioral specialist, Non-Profit Organization «Rehabilitation Center for Disabled Children “Our Sunny World”», Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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