Problems of speech development and of teaching language in the works of L.I. Bozhovich



This paper analyses the manuscript by L.I. Bozhovich "Speech and Practical Intellectual Activity of a Child" in the context of its author's whole scientific work. In one of her first studies, L.I. Bozhovich had focused on the process of overcoming impulsiveness and achieving self-regulated behaviour in children. This manuscript describes her experimental work on revealing the complex relations between practical action, thinking, and speech. Later she studied the relations between feelings and reasoning that require highly developed verbal-logical thinking. In 1937—1946 L.I. Bozhovich investigated the problems of teaching mother tongue, of language competence and so-called "sense of language" development. As the article states, the early period of L.I. Bozhovich's work was not an episode, but a whole "epoch" in her scientific biography.

General Information

Keywords: L.I. Bozhovich, speech, thinking, sense of language, feelings

Journal rubric: History of Science

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Bozhovich E.D. Problems of speech development and of teaching language in the works of L.I. Bozhovich. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2006. Vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 114–119. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Bozhovich L.I. Rech' i prakticheskaya intellektual'naya deyatel'nost' rebenka. Rukopis'. M., 1935.
  2. Bozhovich L.I. Psihologicheskii analiz upotrebleniya pravil na bezudarnye glasnye kornya // Sovetskaya pedagogi-ka. 1937. № 5—6.
  3. Bozhovich L.I. Psihologicheskie osnovy obucheniya grammatiki. Rukopis'. M., 1939.
  4. Bozhovich L.I. Obuchenie pravopisaniyu i psihologiya // Nachal'naya shkola. 1940 . № 8.
  5. Bozhovich L.I. Znachenie osoznaniya obobshenii v obuchenii pravopisaniyu // Izvestiya APN RSFSR. 1946. Vyp. 3.
  6. Bozhovich L.I. Lichnost' i ee formirovanie v detskom vozraste. M., 1968.
  7. Bozhovich L.I., Slavina L.S., Endovickaya T.V. Opyt eksperimental'nogo izucheniya proizvol'nogo povedeniya // Voprosy psihologii. 1976. № 4.
  8. Vygotskii L.S. Sobranie sochinenii: V 6 t. T. 2. M., 1982.

Information About the Authors

Elena D. Bozhovich, Doctor of Psychology, Leading Researcher of the Laboratory of Differential Psychology and Psychophysiology, Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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