Religious Group Identification and Ethno-National Attitudes in Buddhist, Muslim and Orthodox Youth

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Abstract

The current research studies the problems connected with interrelation between religiosity and intergroup hostility (or prejudice). We hypothesized and verified the connection between identification with religious group and ethno-national attitudes. Diagnostic methods measuring in-group religious identification, ethno-national attitudes, subjective categories of social consolidation and agreement with patriotic ideologems (by C.W. Leach, E. R. Agadullina, A.V. Lovakov, L. M. Drobizheva, O.E. Khukhlaev, N.V. Tkachenko, I.M. Kuznetsov, V.D. Shapiro) were used on the sample of 1032 participants (ages from 17 to 22 years), belonging to one of three religions: Buddhism (Kalmyks), Islam (Chechens) or Orthodoxy (Russians). The regression analysis provided statistically significant connections (p<0.05) of in-group religious identification and patriotic ethno-national attitudes of young people, regardless of their religion. Moreover among Russian Buddhist, Muslim and Orthodox youths the identification with the religious group is not revealed as a predictor of intergroup hostility. The study results extend the scientific understanding of the relationship between religious identity and intergroup relations.

General Information

Keywords: identification with a religious group, religious identity, religiosity, ethno-national attitudes, prejudice, intergroup relations, patriotism, nationalism, cosmopolitanism.

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp.2019150308

Funding. This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Humanities (project No 15-06-10843 “Religious identity risks and re-sources in present-day Russia: cross-cultural analysis”.

For citation: Khukhlaev O.E., Аlexandrova E.A., Gritsenko V.V., Konstantinov V.V., Kuznetsov I.M., Pavlova O.S., Ryzhova S.V., Shorokhova V.A. Religious Group Identification and Ethno-National Attitudes in Buddhist, Muslim and Orthodox Youth. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2019. Vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 71–82. DOI: 10.17759/chp.2019150308. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Oleg E. Khukhlaev, PhD in Psychology, Assistant Professor, Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center, Acre, Israel, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4620-9534, e-mail: huhlaevoe@mgppu.ru

Elena A. Аlexandrova, PhD in Culture, associate professor at the chair of etnopsychology and psychological problems of multicultural education, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6675-6965, e-mail: aleksandrovaae@gmail.com

Valentina V. Gritsenko, Doctor of Psychology, Proffesor of the Department of Cross-cultural Psychology and Multicultural Education, Faculty of Social Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7543-5709, e-mail: gritsenko2006@yandex.ru

Vsevolod V. Konstantinov, Doctor of Psychology, associate professor, head of chair "General Psychology", Penza State University, Penza, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1443-3195, e-mail: konstantinov_vse@mail.ru

Igor M. Kuznetsov, PhD in Sociology, Leading Research Fellow, Center for the Study of Inter-Ethnic Relations, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: ingvar31@yandex.ru

Olga S. Pavlova, PhD in Education, associate professor, associate professor of the chair of ethnopsychology and psychological problems in multicultural education, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9702-1550, e-mail: os_pavlova@mail.ru

Svetlana V. Ryzhova, PhD in Sociology, Leading Research Fellow, Department of Ethnosociology, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: silica2@yandex.ru

Valeriya A. Shorokhova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Cross-cultural Psychology and Multicultural Education, Faculty of Social Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5424-2350, e-mail: shorokhovava@gmail.com

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