F.T. Mikhailov: Appeal as a Cultural and Psychological Phenomenon



The paper analyzes the concept of ‘appeal’, the introduction of which is related to one of the fundamental contributions of F.T. Mikhailov into philosophy and theoretical psychology. The historical and biographical contexts of F.T. Mikhailov is revealed, behind which stands the classical dialectical tradition of understanding man and his creation — culture. Long-term work in psychology and contacts with psychologists made it possible to implement this tradition in a new way in the course of comprehending the foundations of psychological knowledge within the framework of cultural-historical and activity approaches. From the point of view of F.T. Mikhailov, culture appears as a sphere of embodied appeals of people (human communities) to each other. The logic of these appeals is seen both as the process of creating culture in history and as its assimilation in the course of individual development. Individual appeal, aimed at ‘universal’ response, is at the heart of any human action. It is in the targeted streams of mutual appeals, ‘call-responses’ (not only verbal) expressing the people’s vital need of each other, that a human community is born within which people become the “natural organs of life”.

General Information

Keywords: appeal, culture, F.T. Mikhailov

Journal rubric: Memorable Dates

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp.2021170102

For citation: Kudryavtsev V.T. F.T. Mikhailov: Appeal as a Cultural and Psychological Phenomenon. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2021. Vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 5–11. DOI: 10.17759/chp.2021170102. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Voloshinov V.N. Freydism. Kriticheskiy ocherk [Freudianism. Critical essay]. Moscow: Gos. Publ., 1927. 164 p. In Russ.).
  2. Vsaimootnosheniya detey v sovmestnoy deyatelnosni [The relationship of children in joint activities]. Mikhailov F.T. (ed.). Moscow: NII OPP APN SSSR, 1981.155 p. (In Russ.).
  3. K 75-letiyu F.T. Mikhailova [To the 75th anniversary of F.T. Mikhailova]. Vopr.psihologii = Vopr. Psychol, 2005, no. 3, pp. 151—156. (In Russ.).
  4. Kudryavtsev V.T. Filosofiya i teoreticheskaya psihologiya F.T. Mikhailova [Philosophy and theoretical psychology F.T. Mikhailova]. Vestnik RGGU= Bulletin of the RUSH. Ser. “Psychology”, 2006, no. 1, pp. 269—283. (In Russ.).
  5. Metodologicheskie problemy psihologii lichnosti [Methodological problems of personality psychology]. Mikhailov F.T. (ed.). Moscow: NII OPP APN USSR, 1981. 181 p. (In Russ.).
  6. Mikhailov F.T. Zagadka chelovecheskogo Ya [The mystery of the human self]. Moscow: Politizdat, 1964. 270 p. (In Russ.).
  7. Mikhailov F.T. Zagadka chelovecheskogo Ya [The mystery of the human self]. 2nd ed. Moscow: Politizdat, 1976. 287 p. (In Russ.).
  8. Mikhailov F.T. Obtzhestvennoe sosnanie, individualnoe sosnanie. Dis. doct. philosophy [Public consciousness, individual consciousness]. Science. Moscow: IFRAN, 1986. 542 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Mikhailov F.T. Obtzhestvennoe sosnanie, individualnoe sosnanie [Public consciousness and self-awareness of the individual]. Moscow: Nauka, 1990. 222 p. (In Russ.).
  10. Mikhailov F.T. Isbrannoe [Favorites]. Moscow: Indrik, 2001. 655 p. (In Russ.).
  11. Mikhailov F.T. Samoopredelenie kultury. Filosodskiy poisk [Self-determination of culture. Philosophical search]. Moscow: Indrik, 2003. 272 p. (In Russ.).
  12. Mikhailov F.T. Problema metoda kulrurno-istoricheskoy psikhologii [The problem of the method of cultural-historical psychology]. Kulrurno-istoricheskaya psihologiya = Cultural-historical psychology , 2005, no. 2, pp. 30—46. (In Russ.).
  13. Mikhailov F.T., Tzaregorodtzev G.I. Sa porogom sosnaniya. Kriticheskiy ocherk freidisma. [Beyond the threshold of consciousness. A critical sketch of Freudianism]. Moscow: Gospolitizdat, 1961.112 p. (In Russ.).
  14. Psihologicheskie problemy nravstvennogo vospitaniya [Psychological problems of moral education]. Mikhailov F.T. (ed.). Moscow: NII OPP APN SSR, 1977.172 p. (In Russ.).
  15. Samososnanie: moe i nashe [Self-awareness: mine and ours]. Mikhailov F.T. (ed.). Moscow: IFRAN 1997. 256 p. (In Russ.).
  16. Saroyan U. Otvashnyi unosha na letayushtey trapetsii [A brave young man on a flying trapeze]. Moscow: Eksmo, 2014. 236 p. (In Russ.).
  17. Filosovsko-psihologicheskie problem rasvitiya obrasovaniya [Philosophical and psychological problems of education development]. Davydov V.V. (ed.). Moscow: Pedagogika, 1981.128 p. (In Russ.).
  18. Filosovsko-psihologicheskie problem rasvitiya obrasovaniya [Philosophical and psychological problems of education development]. Davydov V.V. (ed.). Moscow: Center for innovations in science, technology, education, 1994. 127 p. (In Russ.).
  19. Chelovek kak predmet i sub’ekt mediziny [Man as a subject and subject of medicine]. Mikhailov F.T. (ed.). Moscow: RGMU, 2002. 170 p. (In Russ.).

Information About the Authors

Vladimir T. Kudryavtsev, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, professor of UNESCO Department of Cultural and Historical Psychology of Childhood, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Expert, Laboratory of Cultural and Historical Models of Education, Institute of Secondary Vocational Education named after K.D. Ushinsky; Professor, Directorate of Educational Programs of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9283-6272, e-mail: vtkud@mail.ru



Total: 1174
Previous month: 15
Current month: 8


Total: 237
Previous month: 2
Current month: 1