Free Action and its Psychophysiological Correlates

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Abstract

The concept of "free action" was introduced by L.S. Vygotsky to explain the driving forces of mental development. Using the method of reconstruction, we determined that the trinity of awareness (awareness - logicality - arbitrariness) in each mental function is transformed in the process of development into the trinity of reflection - motive - will, which represents "free action". We investigated three properties of free action: reflection of the whole psyche in itself (permeation of triangular connections of mental functions); fulfillment of a dynamic function as a way of development; connection with neuropsychic and vegetative structures of the organism. Results: the contradictions between L.S.Vygotsky's methodological reflection and our reconstruction of his ideas about psyche as a dynamic triangular network are highlighted; the regulatory function of free action is substantiated; the connection of free action with electrophysiological and vegetative parameters of the organism is established; the age limit of qualitative changes in free action is marked.

General Information

Keywords: cultural-historical psychology, triangular dynamic network of the psyche, free action, reflection, autonomic nervous system, heart rate variability, electrical activity of the brain

Journal rubric: Problems of Cultural-Historical and Activity Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp.2024200202

Funding. The study was supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation (the research project 075-15-2024-526)

Received: 25.04.2024

Accepted:

For citation: Sizikova T.E., Leonov S.V., Polikanova I.S. Free Action and its Psychophysiological Correlates. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2024. Vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 15–22. DOI: 10.17759/chp.2024200202. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Tatyana E. Sizikova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Correctional Pedagogy and Psychology of the Institute of Childhood, Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7889-2043, e-mail: tat@ccru.ru

Sergey V. Leonov, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Laboratory of Psychology of Childhood and Digital Socialization, Federal Scientific Center for Psychological and Interdisciplinary Research, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8883-9649, e-mail: svleonov@gmail.com

Irina S. Polikanova, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Laboratory "Psychology of Professions and Conflict", Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5323-3487, e-mail: irinapolikanova@mail.ru

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