G.I. Chelpanov – Founder of the First Psychological School in Russia

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Abstract

The article is devoted to an analytical review of the work of the Russian philosopher, psychologist and teacher Georgy Ivanovich Chelpanov and his scientific school. The article describes his educational, organizational, research and pedagogical activities in pre-revolutionary and Soviet Russia. Chelpanov created a system of higher psychological education, was the author of textbooks and scientific papers, defended the need for the development of psychology as an independent science based on a subject oriented methodology on theoretical and experimental basis. The Institute of Psychology at Moscow University became the place of formation of the first scientific psychological school in Russia. Its main idea is : psychology is an independent science with its own subject, research methods and areas of application in various fields of social practice. Chelpanov created the profession of a psychologist in demand in modern society, the process continues in the activities of his students and followers, the creators of new psychological schools.

General Information

Keywords: activity-related experience, quality of motivation, self-determination theory, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, academic motivation

Journal rubric: History of Science

Article type: personalities

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp.2024200209

Received: 05.02.2024

Accepted:

For citation: Zhdan A.N. G.I. Chelpanov – Founder of the First Psychological School in Russia. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2024. Vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 78–88. DOI: 10.17759/chp.2024200209. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Antonina N. Zhdan, Doctor of Psychology, Professor at the General Psychology Department at the Faculty of Psychology, Lomonossov Moscow State University, Fellow Member of the Russian Academy of Education, member of the editorial board of the scientific journal “Methodology and History of Psychology”, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0009-0001-3068-4971, e-mail: zhdan@list.ru

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