Clinical and socio-psychological characteristics of patients with suicidal attempts

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Abstract

The article presents a retrospective analysis of medical records of 192 patients with suicide attempts who were treated in somatopsychology department for surgical patients in Scientific Research Institute of Emergency Care named after N.V. Sklifosovsky. The sample consisted of 64% men and 36% women. Most patients didn’t have higher education (82%), were not married (71%), and were in active working age from 15 to 45 years old (74%). The analysis of the medical records revealed that most patients were diagnosed with affective and personality disorder (56%), suffered from addiction and consumed alcohol and drugs regularly (11%), gave themselves stab and incision wounds of different localization (74%), a lot of them had hepatitis C virus (65%). Exasperation of severity of their mental state and growth of psychological and social maladjustment of patients after the initial auto-aggressive action often act as the factors of repetitive and multiple suicide attempts. We conclude that it is necessary to create special centers for the rehabilitation of patients who committed a suicide attempt and for the prevention of repeated auto-aggressive actions based on the model of centers of dialectical behavioral therapy, which provide specialized care for patients with chronic suicidal behavior.

General Information

Keywords: suicidal behavior, socio-psychological factors, suicide attempt, prevention

Journal rubric: Empirical Researches

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2016240305

For citation: Chernaia M.I., Kholmogorova A.B., Zubareva O., Zhuravleva T.V. Clinical and socio-psychological characteristics of patients with suicidal attempts. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2016. Vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 69–88. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2016240305. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Mariia I. Chernaia, Junior Researcher, N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Medicine, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: Chernaya_masha@mail.ru

Alla B. Kholmogorova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Leading Researcher, Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry (A Branch of the National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5194-0199, e-mail: kholmogorova@yandex.ru

Olga Zubareva, PhD in Medicine, Head of psychosomatic disorders department, N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Medicine, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: olgazubareva@yandex.ru

Tatyana V. Zhuravleva, Junior Researcher, laboratory of Medical Biochemistry and Psychoneuroendocrinology, Federal State Budgetary Institution of Science State Scientific Center of the Russian Federation – Institute of Biomedical Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: tita1993@mail.ru

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