Experiencing a Break-up: Phenomenology of a Critical Situation and the Means of Psychological Help

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Abstract

The article is dedicated to the study of the phenomenology of experiencing a break- up. It is suggested to view the break-up as a type of loss and a crisis in the dialogical reality of the person’s life. As a model for the analysis, Fyodor Vasilyuk’s model of “addressed experiencing” is used. The author brings forward the hypothesis that the dynamics of the relations between the different structural elements of the model, namely the “narrator” and the “character”, the “addressee” and the “subject” of the experience, serves as the key dynamics in experiencing a break-up. The article contains a study of the break-up narrative in scientific and common speech, sug- gests a periodization of the break-up experience, gives a structured description of the phenomenology of a critical situation at its every stage, and formulates elements of a psychotherapeutic strategy with account of the revealed specifics. It is concluded that the productivity of experiencing a break-up is connected with restoring an author’s position towards one’s own experiencing and restoring person’s dialogical openness.

General Information

Keywords: break-up, grief experiencing, critical situation, crisis, addressedness, relationships, dialog

Journal rubric: Theory and Methodology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2016240513

Funding. The research has been supported by a grant from the Russian Foundation for Humanities (grant № 15-06-10889 “Synergic-Phenomenological Approache in the Сonsulting Psychology”).

For citation: Grositskaya M.K. Experiencing a Break-up: Phenomenology of a Critical Situation and the Means of Psychological Help. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2016. Vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 240–265. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2016240513. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Mary K. Grositskaya, Senior Researcher, Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Psychological Institute" Russian Academy of Education (FEDERAL State Budgetary Institution "P. RAO"), Moscow, Russia, e-mail: maria.grs@yandex.ru

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