To Be From One’s Own Self



The article presents the case study of psychotherapeutic work with a client, who had symptoms of the emotional-volitional reduction. Psychotherapy lasted for 18 months. The author used the following ideas of the existential approach as a support and guidance for the therapeutic work: “existence precedes essence”; the authentic mode of existence as a prerequisite for mental health, the authenticity of life achieved through comprehension of one’s experience; development of the ability of listening to oneself (ability to develop skills of listening to oneself and one’s own subjectivity), the willingness to make a conscious independent choice. The article provides the description of the nature and dynamics of the therapeutic relationship, dynamics of the client’s self-understanding and lifeworld in the process of therapy and basic methods of therapeutic work.

General Information

Keywords: existential psychotherapy, authentic and inauthentic modes of existence, lifeworld, choice

Journal rubric: Case study

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Kondratova N.A. To Be From One’s Own Self. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2017. Vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 92–108. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2017250107. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Bugental J. Nauka byt’ zhivym: Dialogi mezhdu terapevtom i patsientami v guman- isticheskoi terapii [The Search for Existential Identity: Patient-Therapist Dialogues in Humanistic Psychotherapy]. Moscow: Klass, 1998. 336 p. (In Russ.).
  2. Deurzen E. van. Prakticheskoe ekzistentsial’noe konsul’tirovanie i psikhoterapiya [Existential Counselling and Psychotherapy in Practice]. Rostov-on-Don: Assot- siatsiya ekzistentsial’nogo konsul’tirovaniya, 2007. 216 p. (In Russ.).
  3. Heidegger M. Bytie i vremya [Being and Time]. Moscow: Akademicheskii proekt, 2011. 460 p. (In Russ.).

Information About the Authors

Nataliya A. Kondratova, PhD in Psychology, Novgorod State University, e-mail:



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