Three-Factor Physical Perfectionism Scale as a New Tool for the Assessment of the Pathogenic Appearance Standards in the Modern Culture

2066

Abstract

The paper presents a three-factor version of the Physical Perfectionism Scale. The study was conducted on a sample of students living in Moscow (n=125) and Astrakhan (n=75), including 155 women and 45 men (Mage=19,5; SD=1,83). The factor structure of the questionnaire was confirmed by means of confirmatory factor analysis. The model did not pass the test for gender invariance but showed high fit indices regardless of the cultural standards adopted in the place of residence of the respondents. The identified factors were found to be significantly associated with dissatisfaction with one’s appearance, perceived socio-cultural pressure, as well as fear of negative assessment, and the severity of symptoms of depression.

General Information

Keywords: physical perfectionism, cultural standards of appearance, three-factor scale of physical perfectionism, body dissatisfaction

Journal rubric: Testing and Validating Instruments

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2020280406

For citation: Kholmogorova A.B., Rakhmanina A.A. Three-Factor Physical Perfectionism Scale as a New Tool for the Assessment of the Pathogenic Appearance Standards in the Modern Culture. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2020. Vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 98–117. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2020280406. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Alla B. Kholmogorova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Leading Researcher, Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry (A Branch of the National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5194-0199, e-mail: kholmogorova@yandex.ru

Anastasiia A. Rakhmanina, Medical Psychologist, Junior Researcher, N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute of Emergency Medicine, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7870-402X, e-mail: rakhmanina.a@mail.ru

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