Russian Language Versions of the Brief Scales of Adaptation and Acculturation Orientations by Demes and Geeraert: Psychometric Characteristics



Relevance. The paper presents the results of approbation of the Russian-language version of scales by K.A. Demes and N. Geeraert: the Brief Sociocultural Adaptation Scale (BSAS), the Brief Psychological Adaptation Scale (BPAS), the Brief Acculturation Orientation Scale (BAOS). Goal. Determination of psychometric characteristics (internal consistency, factor structure, reliability and validity) of Russian-language versions of the above methods. Sample. 294 Russian-speaking migrants, who are currently living in Australia, Asia, North and South America, Europe. Participants aged 20 to 71 years old, including 220 women (74,8%), 69 men (23,5%) and 5 respondents who indicated «other» as their gender (1,7%). Research results. High reliability and external validity of the Russian version of the scales has been established. The Cronbach’s α coefficients for the scales are as follows: 0,924 for F1 BAOS, 0,903 for F2 BAOS, 0,869 for BPAS, 0,879 for BSAS. BPAS and BSAS were positively correlated. Satisfaction with life was positively correlated with both psychological and sociocultural adaptation. Negative correlations were found between indicators of anxiety, depression and indicators of adaptation. Sociocultural adaptation, measured by the questionnaire of C. Ward, A. Kennedy, showed positive correlations with BSAS and BPAS. No correlation was found between acculturation orientation toward the home and host culture, supporting their independence. Analysis showed immigrants to be better adapted, if they were oriented more toward the host culture and less toward the home culture.

General Information

Keywords: migrants, acculturation, psychological adaptation, sociocultural adaptation, questionnaire approbation

Journal rubric: Testing and Validating Instruments

Article type: scientific article


Received: 14.03.2022


For citation: Ohki K.A., Vachkov I. Russian Language Versions of the Brief Scales of Adaptation and Acculturation Orientations by Demes and Geeraert: Psychometric Characteristics. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2022. Vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 129–149. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2022300308. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Kseniya A. Ohki, magister, Faculty of Distance Learning, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Tokyo, Japan, ORCID:, e-mail:

Igor Vachkov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor of the Department of General Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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