Supervision as an Element of Transmitting of the Reflective–Activity Approach to Assistance in Overcoming Learning Difficulties

152

Abstract

The problem of transmitting of technologies of psychological and pedagogical counseling of students on overcoming learning difficulties by means of a reflective–activity approach (RAA) is posed. The limited possibilities of teaching student counselors on the basis of learning situations are discussed. The method of transmitting the principles and technologies of counselling by means of RAA through the organization of supervisory and intervisor groups is considered. A reflective analysis of two options for constructing supervisory support for student counsellors mastering RAA is given. When comparing them, conclusions are drawn about the general logical sequence of passing through the key moments of mastering the RAA in the course of supervision, as well as about the main feature of the supervisory process. In the course of supervision, helping student counsellors to overcome their difficulties in mastering the approach is built on the same principles of RAA as their assistance to school students in overcoming learning difficulties. Thus, students get a double experience of helping with RAA, available for reflection: the experience of providing such assistance, and the experience of receiving such assistance.

General Information

Keywords: refleсtive–activity approach, psychological and pedagogical counseling, transmitting of experience and training of counselors, reflection on work of supervisory groups, overcoming of learning difficulties, development

Journal rubric: Theory and Methodology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2022300403

Received: 30.09.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Gordon M.M., Gordon M.M., Nikolaevskaia I.A. Supervision as an Element of Transmitting of the Reflective–Activity Approach to Assistance in Overcoming Learning Difficulties. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2022. Vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 28–48. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2022300403. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

1.Alekseev N.G. Refleksiya i formirovanie sposoba resheniya zadach [Reflection and tasks solution method formation] Moscow: Publ. Kolledzh predprinimatel'stva i sotsial'nogo proektirovaniya, 2002. 137 p.

2.Gordon M.M., Rodionov O.A., Chekmareva V.S., Shaidullin D.A. Dinamika otnoshenii sotrudnichestva konsul'tanta i klienta na primere sluchaev okazaniya pomoshchi sredstvami refleksivno–deyatel'nostnogo podkhoda [Dynamics of cooperation between counselor and klient on the examples of cases of assistance with technologies of reflective–activity approach]. II Mezhdunarodnaya konferentsiya po konsul'tativnoi psikhologii i psikhoterapii, posvyashchennaya pamyati Fedora Efimovicha Vasilyuka: sbornik materialov [Second international conference of counseling psychology and psychotherapy in memory of Fedor Efimovich Vasilyuk: collection of materials] in red. of E.V. Bukshinoi, V.A. Zemtsovoi. Moscow: FBGNU «Psikhologicheskiĭ institut RAO», 2020. Pp. 64—70.

3.Zalevskii G.V. Psikhologicheskaya superviziya : ucheb. posobie dlya bakalavriata i spetsialiteta [Psychological supervision: book for bachelor and specialist programme]. 2–e izd. Moscow: Publ. Izdatel'stvo Yurait, 2019. 176 p.

4.Zaretskii V.K. Odin shag v obuchenii – sto shagov v razvitii: ot idei k praktike [One step in learning – one hundred steps in development: from idea to practice]. Kul'turno–istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural–Historical Psychology, 2016. Tom 12. № 3. Pp. 149—188. DOI:10.17759/chp.2016120309

5.Zaretskii V.K. Stanovlenie i sushchnost' refleksivno–deyatel'nostnogo podkhoda v okazanii konsul'tativnoi psikhologicheskoi pomoshchi [Formation and essense of reflective–activity approach to counseling psychological help]. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2013. Tom 21. № 2. Pp. 8—37.

6.Zaretskii V.K. Evristicheskii potentsial ponyatiya «zona blizhaishego razvitiya» [Euristic potential of Zone of Proximal Development]. Voprosy psikhologii = Questions of Psychology, 2008. № 6. Pp.13—25.

7. Kosaretskii S.G., Mertsalova T.A., Senina N.A. Preodolenie shkol'noi neuspeshnosti: vozmozhnosti i defitsity rossiiskikh shkol  [Overcoming school failures: possibilities and deficits in Russian schools]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education,  2021. Tom 26. № 6. Pp. 69—82. DOI:10.17759/pse.2021260605

8. Metodika okazaniya adresnoi metodicheskoi pomoshchi obshcheobrazovatel'nym organizatsiyam, imeyushchim nizkie obrazovatel'nye rezul'taty obuchayushchikhsya [Method of targeted methodological assistance to educational organisations with low educational results of students] [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: https://fioco.ru/Media/Default/Documents/%D0%A8%D0%9D%D0%9E%D0%A0/%D0%9C%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%B4%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B4%D0%B0%D1%86%D0%B8%D0%B8%20%D0%BF%D0%BE%20%D0%A8%D0%9D%D0%9E%D0%A0.pdf (data obrashcheniya: 06.11.2022)

9.Shchukina Yu.V. Aktual'nye problemy supervizorskoi praktiki [Actual problems of supervision practice] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Teoreticheskie i prikladnye aspekty deyatel'nosti Tsentra ekstrennoi psikhologicheskoi pomoshchi MGPPU Sbornik statei [Theoretical and Practical Aspects of Emergency Mental Health Center Activity Collection of articles]. Vyp. 1. Moscow: MGPPU, 2011. URL: https://psyjournals.ru/nonserialpublications/cepp/contents/45364 (data obrashcheniya 06.11.2022)

Information About the Authors

Margarita M. Gordon, Senior Lecturer, Department of Individual and Group Psychotherapy, Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1800-9524, e-mail: gordonmm@mgppu.ru

Mikhail M. Gordon, Senior Lecturer, Department of General and Applied Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Russian Orthodox University of St. John the Theologian, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0137-4883, e-mail: m_gordon@mail.ru

Irina A. Nikolaevskaia, Senior Lecturer, Chair of Individual and Group Psychotherapy, Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State Psychological & Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1057-2064, e-mail: nikolaevskayaia@mgppu.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 326
Previous month: 13
Current month: 12

Downloads

Total: 152
Previous month: 7
Current month: 5