Diagnostics of Suicidal Risk in Adolescents: Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews

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Abstract

Study relevance. Revealing groups of people at high risk of suicide is important for suicide prevention, especially among adolescents, and the practical way of achieving it is screening adolescents for suicide risk. A major obstacle to the development of screening protocols and other preventive procedures is lack of data or conflicting data on measures that can be used in adolescent samples. Objective. The current systematic review of systematic reviews was carried out to discover measures of suicide risk with a good predictive validity on adolescent samples. Recommendations for screening implementation were also narratively reviewed. Method. Literature search was carried out in PubMed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EBSCO Academic Search Premier, EBSCO Health Source: Nursing and Academic Edition, and Elibrary. 10 papers that satisfied all inclusion criteria (systematic reviews of measures assessing the risk of suicide in children and adolescents) were included in the study. Results. The reviews included in the study were of satisfactory quality. Predictive validity was reported for 18 measures, 16 of them were self-report, and 2 were versions of the Implicit Associative Test. Computerized tests showed relatively low predictive validity coefficients, while self-report measures (including screening questions) had higher predictive validity. Conclusion. More studies of predictive validity of the suicide screening measures on adolescent samples are needed. The decision to use a measure in the screening protocol should be also based on practical considerations and resources available to medical workers on cite.

General Information

Keywords: systematic review, suicidal behavior, measures, risk assessment, screening, predictive validity

Journal rubric: Research Reviews

Article type: review article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2023310202

Received: 03.05.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Razvaliaeva A.Y., Polskaya N.A., Basova A.Ya. Diagnostics of Suicidal Risk in Adolescents: Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2023. Vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 33–67. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2023310202. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Anna Y. Razvaliaeva, PhD in Psychology, Researcher, Laboratory of Cognitive Processes and Mathematical Psychology, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2046-3411, e-mail: annraz@rambler.ru

Natalia A. Polskaya, Doctor of Psychology, Associate Professor, Professor of the Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Department, Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Leading Researcher, Scientific and Practical Center for Mental Health of Children and Adolescents named after G.E. Sukhareva of the Moscow Department of Public Health, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7305-5577, e-mail: polskayana@yandex.ru

Anna Y. Basova, PhD in Medicine, Deputy Director for Research, Scientific and Practical Center for Mental Health of Children and Adolescents named after G.E. Sukhareva, Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5001-8554, e-mail: dr.anna.basova@gmail.com

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