Development and Analysis of Psychometric Properties of a New Russian Version of the Adverse Childhood Experience — International Questionnaire (ACE-IQ)

34

Abstract

Background. Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) is one of the most important risk factors for mental and somatic disorders and needs to be considered and evaluated in clinical and research practice. The aim of this study was to develop, adapt and validate the new Russian version of ACE-IQ. Methods. A total of 123 people (88 women, Me = 25 years) were included, of which about a half (n = 68) of the sample were patients with depression, the rest of the participants had no psychiatric diagnoses based on the results of the diagnostic interview. Results. ACE-IQ showed good reliability and internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.801). A six–factor structure of the questionnaire was identified («Sexual abuse», «Family violence», «Violence outside the family», «Mental disorders and substance abuse in the family», «Dysfunctional family factors», «Social Cataclysms»). Conclusions. We developed, adapted and validated the new Russian–language version of the ACE-IQ, retaining the structure and semantic equivalence of the original version of the questionnaire. Although confirmation of factor structure in other samples is needed, our data allows to recommend the new Russian version of the ACE-IQ for use in clinical and research practice.

General Information

Keywords: adverse childhood experiences, childhood trauma, validation, Adverse Childhood Experiences — International Questionnaire, ACE-IQ

Journal rubric: Testing and Validating Instruments

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2024320102

Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Science Foundation (RSF), project number 23-15-00347.

Received: 17.08.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Kibitov A.A., Trusova A.V., Vyshinsky K.V., Mazo G.E., Kibitov A.|O. Development and Analysis of Psychometric Properties of a New Russian Version of the Adverse Childhood Experience — International Questionnaire (ACE-IQ). Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2024. Vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 29–57. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2024320102. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Katan E.A., Karpets V.V., Kotlyarova S.V., et al. A Validation Study of the Russian Version of the Adverse Childhood Experiences International Questionnaire (ACE–IQ) in a Sample of Drug Users. Voprosy Narkologii  =  Questions of Narcology, 2019, №1, pp. 66¾85. DOI: 10.47877/0234–0623_2019_1_66 (In Russ., abstr. in Engl).
  2. Katan E.A. Using the international questionnaire of adverse childhood experiences to identify psychotraumatic factors in childhood and adolescence. Med. psihol. Ross, 2019, vol. 11, № 2, pp. 8. DOI: 10.24412/2219–8245–2019–28 (In Russ., abstr. in Engl).
  3. Kibitov A.O., Mazo G.E., Rakitko A.S., et al GWAS–based polygenic risk scores for depression with clinical validation: methods and study design in the Russian population. Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova, 2020, vol. 120, № 11, pp. 131¾140. DOI: 10.17116/jnevro2020120111131 (In Russ., abstr. in Engl).
  4. Kibitov AA, Kasyanov ED, Nikolishin AE, et al. Family history of mood disorders may weaken the link between adverse childhood experience and suicidality in patients with depression. Zhurnal Nevrol. i psikhiatrii im. S.S. Korsakova, 2022, vol. 122, № 6, pp. 56¾63. DOI: 10.17116/jnevro202212206256 (In Russ., abstr. in Engl).
  5. Morozova M.A., Potanin S.S., Beniashvili A.G., et al. Validation of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale Russian–language version in the general population. Profilakticheskaya Meditsina, 2023, vol. 26, № 4, pp. 7¾14. DOI: 10.17116/profmed2023260417 (In Russ., abstr. in Engl).
  6. Al–Shawi A., Lafta R. Effect of adverse childhood experiences on physical health in adulthood: Results of a study conducted in Baghdad city. J. Fam. Community Med, 2015, vol. 22, № 2, pp. 78. DOI: 10.4103/2230–8229.155374
  7. van Berkel S.R., Prevoo M.J.L., Linting M., et al. What About the Children? Co–Occurrence of Child Maltreatment and Parental Separation. Child Maltreat, 2022, № 29 (1), pp. 107755952211300. DOI: 10.1177/10775595221130074
  8. Block S.D., Poplin A.B., Wang E.S., et al. Variation in Acceptable Child Discipline Practices by Child Age: Perceptions of Community Norms by Medical and Legal Professionals. Behav. Sci. Law, 2016, vol. 34, № 1, pp. 95¾112. DOI: 10.1002/bsl.2237
  9. Boullier M., Blair M. Adverse childhood experiences. Paediatr. Child Health (Oxford), 2018, vol. 28, № 3, pp. 132¾137. DOI: 10.1016/j.paed.2017.12.008
  10. Chan L.L., Idris N. Validity and Reliability of The Instrument Using Exploratory Factor Analysis and Cronbach’s alpha. Int. J. Acad. Res. Bus. Soc. Sci, 2017, vol. 7, № 10, pp. 400¾410. DOI: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v7–i10/3387
  11. Christoforou R., Ferreira N. Psychometric Assessment of Adverse Childhood Experiences International Questionnaire (ACE–IQ) with Adults Engaging in Non–Suicidal Self–Injury. Mediterr. J. Clin. Psychol, 2020, vol. 8, № 3, pp. 1¾23. DOI: 10.6092/2282–1619/mjcp–2601
  12. Dobson K., Pusch D., Poole J., McKay M. The Assessment of Adverse Childhood Experiences: Factor Structure and Convergent Validity of Multiple Measures. Am J Prev Med Public Heal, 2021, vol. 7, № 3, pp. 181¾196.
  13. Guillemin F., Bombardier C., Beaton D. Cross–cultural adaptation of health–related quality of life measures: Literature review and proposed guidelines // J. Clin. Epidemiol. 1993. Vol. 46, № 12. P. 1417–1432. DOI: 10.1016/0895–4356(93)90142–N
  14. Ho GWK, Chan ACY, Chien W–T, et al. Examining patterns of adversity in Chinese young adults using the Adverse Childhood Experiences—International Questionnaire (ACE–IQ). Child Abuse Negl, 2019, vol. 88, pp. 179¾188. DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.11.009
  15. Hughes K., Bellis M.A., Hardcastle K.A., et al. The effect of multiple adverse childhood experiences on health: a systematic review and meta–analysis. Lancet Public Heal, 2017, vol. 2, № 8, pp. e356–e366. DOI: 10.1016/S2468–2667(17)30118–4
  16. Kuzminskaite E., Vinkers C.H., Milaneschi Y., et al. Childhood trauma and its impact on depressive and anxiety symptomatology in adulthood: A 6–year longitudinal study. J. Affect. Disord, 2022, vol. 312, pp. 322¾330. DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2022.06.057
  17. Petruccelli K., Davis J., Berman T. Adverse childhood experiences and associated health outcomes: A systematic review and meta–analysis. Child Abuse Negl, 2019, vol. 97, pp. 104127. DOI: 10.1007/s00787–021–01745–2
  18. Sahle B.W., Reavley N.J., Li W., et al. The association between adverse childhood experiences and common mental disorders and suicidality: an umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta–analyses. Eur. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry, 2022, vol. 31, № 10, pp. 1489¾1499. DOI: 10.1007/s00787–021–01745–2
  19. Streiner D.L. Figuring Out Factors: The Use and Misuse of Factor Analysis. Can. J. Psychiatry, 1994, vol. 39, № 3, pp. 135¾140. DOI: 10.1177/070674379403900303
  20. Streiner D.L., Norman G.R., Cairney J. Health measurement scales: a practical guide to their development and use (5th edition). Aust. N. Z. J. Public Health, 2016, vol. 40, № 3, pp. 294¾295. DOI: 10.1111/1753–6405.12484
  21. World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. Survey on the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences among young people in the Russian Federation: report [Electronic resource]. 2014. URL: https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/344734 (accessed 20.04.2023).
  22. WHO Violence Prevention Team. Adverse Childhood Experiences International Questionnaire (ACE–IQ) [Electronic resource]. 2020. URL: https://www.who.int/publications/m/item/adverse–childhood–experiences–international–questionnaire–(ace–iq). (accessed 20.04.2023).
  23. Zigmond A.S., Snaith R.P. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Acta Psychiatr. Scand, 1983, vol. 67, № 6, pp. 361¾370. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600–0447.1983.tb09716.x

Information About the Authors

Andrey A. Kibitov, MD, PhD student, Laboratory of Psychopharmacology, Mental Health Research Center, Junior Researcher, Department for the Implementation of Grant Agreements, Bekhterev National Medical Research Center for Psychiatry and Neurology, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7766-9675, e-mail: andreykibitov18@gmail.com

Anna V. Trusova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Division of Medical Psychology and Psychophysiology, St. Petersburg State University, Researcher, Department of Addictions, V.M. Bekhterev National Research Medical Center for Psychiatry and Neurology, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0921-4203, e-mail: anna.v.trusova@gmail.com

Konstantin V. Vyshinsky, PhD in Medicine, Senior researcher, Department of Organization of Preventive Care in Narcology, National Scientific Center for Narcology — branch of Serbsky National Medical Research Center for Psychiatry and Addictions, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0321-3047, e-mail: konstantin.vyshinsky@gmail.com

Galina E. Mazo, Head of the Institute of Translational Psychiatry, V.M. Bekhterev National Medical Research Center for Psychiatry and Neurology,, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7036-5927, e-mail: galina-mazo@yandex.ru

Alexandr O. Kibitov, Doctor of Medicine, Senior researcher, Genomics of Mental Disorders Department, Bekhterev National Medical Research Center for Psychiatry and Neurology, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8771-625X, e-mail: druggen@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 72
Previous month: 0
Current month: 72

Downloads

Total: 34
Previous month: 0
Current month: 34