Psychological Analysis of Aggressive Tendencies in Adolescents Firstly Entered Socio-Protective Institution



The paper presents the results of a comprehensive study of aggressive and hostile tendencies among pupils of socio-protective institutions. In adolescents living in families, but found themselves in a difficult life situation, the prevalence of physical, verbal and indirect aggressiveness, significantly more frequently encountered irritability was revealed. In adolescents, orphans (true and social), on the contrary, the prevalence of negativism and the significantly more frequent suspicion are determined. The conducted research allows us to speak about two different reaction profiles in a collision with a new stressful situation in pupils of social protection institutions, depending on their belonging to the group. In one case, we are talking about the prevalence of the "aggressiveness index" (adolescents from families), in the case of orphanhood, the prevalence of hostile tendencies attracts attention. The data obtained are consistent with the results of the evaluation of traumatic experiences on the PIVIPSD questionnaire and the results of the determination of coping strategies of behavior, which is reflected in the article. It was concluded that there is a need for a differentiated approach in studying the issues of psychotraumatology in pupils of socio-protective institutions, one of the aspects of which should be a detailed study of aggressive and hostile tendencies at the affective, cognitive and behavioral levels. This approach explains the need to develop an appropriate algorithm for clinical, psychological and social assistance, depending on who belongs to the group.

General Information

Keywords: deprivation, fear, frustration, aggression, hostility

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Reshetnikov M.M., Ulasen T.V. Psychological Analysis of Aggressive Tendencies in Adolescents Firstly Entered Socio-Protective Institution [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2018. Vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 111–123. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2018070208. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Adler A. Vlechenie k agressii v zhizni i v nevroze [Attraction to aggression in life and in neurosis]. In O. Rank (ed.) Otchet o pervom chastnom Psihoanaliticheskoj sobranii v Zal'cburge 27 aprelja 1908 goda [In the book: Report on the first private Psychoanalytical Assembly in Salzburg on April 27, 1908]. Izhevsk: ERGO, 2011, pp. 27–28. (In Russ.).
  2. Batarshev A.V. Temperament i harakter: Psihologicheskaja diagnostika [Temperament and character: Psychological diagnostics]. Moscow: Vlados-press, 2001.
    pp. 187–191. (In Russ.).
  3. Bern Je. Igry, v kotorye igrajut ljudi. Ljudi, kotorye igrajut v igry [Games People Play. People who play games].  Ekaterinburg: LITUR, 2002.  576 p. (in Russ.].
  4. Bobrov A.E., Ulasen' T.V., Sulimova N.V., Nivenicin Je.L. Psihiatricheskie aspekty sirotstva s pozicij biopsihosocial'noj koncepcii [Psychiatric aspects of orphanhood from a biopsychosocial perspective]. Voprosy psihicheskogo zdorov'ja detej i podrostkov [Mental health issues of children and adolescents], 2017, vol. 17, no.1, pp. 36–42. (In Russ.).
  5. Vasserman L.I., Gor'kovaya I.А., Romitsyna E.E. Psikhologicheskaya metodika “Podrostki o roditelyakh” i ee prakticheskoe primenenie [The Psychological Technique “Adolescents about Parents" and its practical application]. Saint-Petersburg:  «FАRMindeks», 2001, 68 p. (In Russ.).
  6. Garanjan N.G. Perfekcionizm i vrazhdebnost' kak lichnostnye faktory depressivnyh i trevozhnyh rasstrojstv [Perfectionism and hostility as personal factors of depressive and anxiety disorders. Dr. Sci. (Psychology) diss.]. Moscow, 2010, 429 p. (In Russ.).
  7. Garanjan N.G. Teoreticheskie modeli i jempiricheskie issledovanija vrazhdebnosti pri depressivnyh i trevozhnyh rasstrojstvah [Theoretical models and empirical studies of hostility in depressive and anxiety disorders]. Medicinskaja psihologija v Rossii: ehlektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal [Medical psychology in Russia: electronic scientific journal], 2011, no. 2. URL: http:// (Available at : 10.10.2017) (In Russ.).
  8. Enikolopov S.N., Sadovskaja A.V. Vrazhdebnost' i problema zdorov'ja cheloveka [Hostility and the problem of human health]. Zhurnal nevropatologii i psihiatrii im.
    S.S. Korsakova [Journal of Neuropathology and Psychiatry of S.S. Korsakov],
    2000, no.7.
    pp. 59–64. (In Russ.).
  9. Enikolopov S.N. Psihologija vrazhdebnosti v medicine i psihiatrii [Psychology of hostility in medicine and psychiatry]. Sovremennaya terapiya psihicheskih rasstrojstv [Modern therapy of mental disorders]. 2007, vol. 100, no. 1, pp. 231–246. (In Russ.).
  10. Kassinov G., Tafrejt R.Ch. Psihoterapija gneva [Psychotherapy of anger]. Moscow: AST, 2006. 480 p. (In Russ.).
  11. Kobzar' A.I. Prikladnaja matematicheskaja statistika. Dlja inzhenerov i nauchnyh rabotnikov [Applied mathematical statistics. For engineers and scientists]. Moscow: Fizmatlit, 2006. 816 p. (in Russ.).
  12. Rajkroft Ch. Kriticheskij slovar' psihoanaliza [Critical Dictionary of Psychoanalysis]. S.M. Cherkasova (ed.). Saint-Petersburg: publ. of Vostochno-Evropejskij Institut Psihoanaliza, 1995. 54 p. (In Russ.).
  13. Reshetnikov M.M. Fenomen agressivnosti v psihologii, psihiatrii i v sociume [The phenomenon of aggressiveness in psychology, psychiatry and in society]. Obrazovanie lichnosti [Formation of Personality]. 2013, no. 3, pp. 8–17. (In Russ.).
  14. Reshetnikov M.M., Ulasen' T.V. Izuchenie social'no-psihologicheskih i klinicheskih projavlenij travmaticheskih perezhivanij u vospitannikov sociozashhitnyh uchrezhdenij [The study of socio-psychological and clinical manifestations of traumatic experiences in pupils of socio-protective institutions]. Mezhdunarodnyj nauchno-issledovatel'skij zhurnal [International Research Journal]. 2017, vol. 61, no. 7, p. 2, pp. 96–99. 2017.61.009 (In Russ.).
  15. Savchenko D.D., Shul`ga T.I. Social`ny`e otnosheniya podrostkov-sirot s razny`m opy`tom zhizni v sem`e [Social relations of orphans with different experiences of living in the family]. Psixologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological science and education]. 2017, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 75–86. doi: 10.17759/pse.2017220207. (In Russ.).
  16. Smyslov D.A. Pocherk kak sredstvo jekspress-diagnostiki i psihoterapii lichnosti [Handwriting as a means of express diagnostics and psychotherapy of personality]. In
    V.P. Zinchenko, Т.S. Psihologiya telesnosti mezhdu dushoj i telom [Levy Psychology of corporality between the soul and the body]. Moscow: AST Moscow, 2005. 370 p. (In Russ.).
  17. Tarabrina N.V. Psihologija posttravmaticheskogo stressa [Psychology of post-traumatic stress]. Moscow: Publ. of Institut psihologii RAN, 2009. 304 p. (In Russ.).
  18. Tihomirov D.A. Sostojanie i dinamika problemy social'nogo sirotstva v Rossii [The state and dynamics of the problem of social orphanhood in Russia]. Informacionnyj gumanirarnyj portal «Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie» [Information Humanitarian Portal "Knowledge. Understanding. Skill"], 2014, no. 1. 4 P. (Accessed: 23.08.2016).
  19. Ulasen' T.V., Sulimova N.V. Aleksitimicheskie projavlenija i adaptacionnyj potencial podrostkov, okazavshihsja v trudnoj zhiznennoj situacii [Aleksitimicheskie manifestations and adaptation potential of adolescents caught in a difficult life situation]. Novoe v psihologo-pedagogicheskih issledovanijah. Teoreticheskie i prakticheskie problemy psihologii i pedagogiki [New in psychological and pedagogical studies. Theoretical and practical problems of psychology and pedagogy]. 2017, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 127–138.
  20. Beck A. Hostility: Cognitive basis of anger. NY: Harper Collins Publishers, 1999. 353 p.

Information About the Authors

Mikhail M. Reshetnikov, Doctor of Psychology, professor, Rector, East European Psychoanalytical Institute, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail:

Tatiana V. Ulasen, PhD in Medicine, Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Narcology and Psychotherapy Faculty of Post Graduate Studies, Smolensk State Medical University, Smolensk, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 1656
Previous month: 7
Current month: 13


Total: 642
Previous month: 5
Current month: 4