Emotional States of Teenagers and Adolescents with Intact and Impaired Intelligence in Dangerous Situations Perception

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Abstract

The article is dedicated to the studying of emotional states in the structure of psychological security of teenage and adolescent students with both intact and impaired intellect. It is assumed that the development degree of emotional states, when students respond to dangerous situations, depends on the age and the intellectual impairments. The research engaged 157 teenagers (M=12,98 y.o.; SD=0,76 y.o.) and adolescents (M=16,27 y.o.; SD=0,69 y.o.). Some students had an intact intellect, whereas a number had an impaired intellect. The study used a questionnaire aimed at defining of the type of danger response by V.G. Maralov (2012). The research applied the work of the Emotional Attitude of Teenagers to Dangerous Situations (L.F. Fatikhova, E.F. Saifutdiyarova, 2021) aimed at the revealing of the emotional attitude to situations that threaten the life and health and to favourable situations. Present study also uses the work Teenagers in Dangerous Situations (L.F. Fatikhova, E.F. Saifutdiyarova, 2020) aimed to study the ability to recognize emotional states in people located in dangerous situations. The study revealed difficulties in the identification of emotional states and recognize emotions of participants of hazardous situations for teenagers with intellectual impairments compared to their intact-intellect peers. The impaired intellect teenagers prove to have a lower diversity of emotions and difficulties to communicate their emotions verbally in case of danger. Mann–Whitney test revealed that teenagers and adolescents with intact and impaired intellect show different emotional attitude to dangerous situations and ability to recognize emotions of endangered people. The obtained findings can be applied when developing programs aimed at forming in teenagers and adolescents the ability to reasonably perceive and respond to dangerous situations with regards to their age and intellectual impairment

General Information

Keywords: dangerous situations perception, emotional attitude to dangerous situations, recognition of feelings, teenagers, adolescents

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2021100209

Funding. The research was conducted within the framework of Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), project number 19-013-00150 “Abilities of children with intellectual disabilities to identify and avoid dangerous situations”

For citation: Fatikhova L.F., Sayfutdiyarova E.F. Emotional States of Teenagers and Adolescents with Intact and Impaired Intelligence in Dangerous Situations Perception [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2021. Vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 145–164. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2021100209. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Lidia F. Fatikhova, PhD in Education, Associate Professor, Bashkir State Pedagogical University n.a. M. Akmulla, Ufa, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7745-2457, e-mail: lidiajune@mail.ru

Elena F. Sayfutdiyarova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Bashkir State Pedagogical University, Ufa, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3821-5045, e-mail: saifi@inbox.ru

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