The evaluation of individual psychological characteristics of a person, depending on the structure of his face and individual characteristics of appraisers

1210

Abstract

The study investigates the relationship between the specificity of evaluation of individual psychological qualities (activity, tension and sociability) of people by photographs of their faces, and two significant factors: characteristics of the facial structure of a perceived person and the level of introversion-extroversion and neuroticism of perceiver. The results of the experiment indicated that: a) introverts often perceive a calm face as intense and unattractive b) extroverts often evaluated calm face as the face of an active, friendly and attractive person, and c) the level of neuroticism of perceiver does not affect the evaluation of the qualities of activity and intensity of depicted person, however, subjects with a low level of neuroticism, more often evaluate faces as unattractive. As for the structure of the face, faces that are balanced along horizontal zones and facial index of narrowness-width of the face (normal faces), are largely perceived as active and sociable, narrow and wide faces are more often perceived as intense faces, and wide faces are evaluated as more attractive faces.

General Information

Keywords: perception of faces, morphed faces, facial structure, individual psychological characteristics of perceivers, activity, tension, sociability

Journal rubric: Psychology of Personality

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Khrisanfova L.A. The evaluation of individual psychological characteristics of a person, depending on the structure of his face and individual characteristics of appraisers . Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2014. Vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 5–17. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Barabanschikov V. A., Khrisanfova L. A. Doverie k cheloveku pri pervichnom vosprijatii ego lica [True or false? Phenomenon of finding people’s faces trustworthy during the primary phase of perception]. Metody issledovanija psihologicheskih struktur i ih dinamiki, vol. 4 (eds. T. N. Savchenko, G. M. Golovina). Moscow, «Institut psihologii RAN» Publ., 2007. 192 p.
  2. McWilliams N. Psychoanalytic Diagnosis: Understanding Personality Structure in the Clinical Process. Guilford Press, 1994. 398 p. (Russ. ed.: Mak-Vil'jams N. Psihoanaliticheskaja diagnostika: Ponimanie struktury lichnosti v klinicheskom processe. Moscow, Klass Publ., 1998. 480 p.).
  3. Sobchik L. N. Psihologija individual'nosti. Teorija i praktika psihodiagnostiki [Psychology of personality. Theory and practice of psycho-diagnostics]. St. Petersburg, Rech' Publ., 2005, 624 p.
  4. Rubinshtejn S. L. Osnovy obshhej psihologii [Fundamentals of General Psychology]. St. Petersburg, PiterKom Publ., 1998, 688 p.
  5. Khoze E. G. Vosprijatie inducirovannyh jekspressij lica [Perception of induced facial expressions]. Dis. ... kand. psihol. nauk. Moscow, IP RAN, 2013.
  6. Khrisanfova L. A. Strukturnye osobennosti muzhskogo i zhenskogo lica vo vzaimosvjazi s individual'nopsihologicheskimi osobennostjami cheloveka [Structural features of male and female faces in connection with individual psychological characteristics]. Sovremennaja eksperimental'naja psihologija (ed. V. A. Barabansсhikov). Moscow, «Institut psihologii RAN» Publ., 2011 a, vol. 2, pp. 461–473.
  7. Khrisanfova L. A. Vosprijatie individual'no-psihologicheskih osobennostej cheloveka po izobrazheniju sozdannyh modelej muzhskogo lica [Perception of individual psychological characteristics based on studying the model images of male faces]. Poznanie v dejatel'nosti i obshhenii: ot teorii i praktiki k eksperimentu» (eds. V. A. Barabanschikov, V. N. Nosulenko, E. S. Samoylenko). Moscow, «Institut psihologii RAN» Publ.,2011 b, pp. 317–326.
  8. Khrisanfova L.A. Lico cheloveka. Sistemnyj podhod [Human face: systems approach]. Lico cheloveka kak sredstvo obshhenija. Mezhdisciplinarnyj podhod (eds. V. A. Barabanschikov, A. A. Demidov, D. A. Diveev). Moscow, «Kogito-centr» Publ., 2012, pp. 115–142.
  9. Frager R., Fadiman J. Personality & Personal Growth, 5th ed., 2002, Prentice Hall, 584 p. (Russ. ed.: Frejdzher R., Fejdimen D. Teorii lichnosti i lichnostnyj rost [Personality theories and personal development]. St. Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2002, 690 p.).
  10. Neth D., Martinez A. M. Emotion perception in emotionless face images suggests a norm-based representation, Journal of Vision, 2009, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 5.

Information About the Authors

Lyudmila A. Khrisanfova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Chair of General Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Associate Employee of the Laboratory of Cognitive and Mathematical Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6697-7939, e-mail: l.hri@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 7815
Previous month: 22
Current month: 15

Downloads

Total: 1210
Previous month: 1
Current month: 10