Induced emotional expressions: reconstruction of perceptual categories



Images of face with naturally transformed internal structure cause the impression of the presence of emotional expressions in the absence of relevant facial characteristics. Recognition of such images appears a relatively complex task to the observer. The classical analysis in terms of classification of the accuracy of solutions for different pairs of images is ineffective in this case. The model of categorical adjustment predicts the existence of asymmetry of wrong answers in the recognition of face images. The obtained results correspond to this model, allowing us to identify the perceptual categories used in solving the problem of recognition, and to clarify their characteristics.

General Information

Keywords: induced expression, perceptual categories, the perception of face, discriminatory problem, model of categorical adjustment

Journal rubric: Psychology of Perception

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Zhegallo A.V., Khoze E.G. Induced emotional expressions: reconstruction of perceptual categories. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2015. Vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 30–44. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2015080403. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Barabanschikov V.A. Ekspressii litsa i ih vospriyatie [Facial expressions and theirperception]. Moscow, IP RAS Publ, 2012 (In Russ.).
  2. Barabanschikov V.A., Khoze E.G. Konfigurativnie priznaki ekspressij spokoinogo sostoyaniya litsa [Configurational signs of facial expressions of neutral state]. In Eksperimental’naya psihologiya v Rossii. Traditsii i perspektivy [Experimental Psycholomj in Russia. Traditions and Prospects]. Moscow, IP RAS Publ., 2010, pp. 224-229 (In Russ.).
  3. Barabanschikov V.A., Khoze E.G. Konfigurativnie priznaki ekspressij spokoinogo litsa [Configurational signs of neutral facial expressions]. Eksperimental’naya psihologiya [Experimental Psychology (Russia)], 2012, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 45-68 (In Russ.; abstr. in Engl.).
  4. Barabanschikov V.A., Khoze E.G. Vospriyatie ekspressij spokoinogo litsa [The perception of neutral facial expressions]. Mir psihologii [World of Psychology], 2013, no. 1, pp. 203-223 (In Russ.; abstr. in Engl.).
  5. Barabanschikov V. A., Khoze E. G. Vospriyatie indutsirovannyh emocional’nyh ekspressij spokoinogo litsa [Perception of induced emotional expression on a neutral face]. In Shestaya mezhdunarodnaya konferentsiapo kognitizmoi nauke: Tezisy dokladov [Sixth International Conference on Cognitive Science: abstracts]. Kaliningrad, 2014, pp. 142. (In Russ.Barabanschikov V.A., Zhegallo A.V. Determinanty kategorial’nosti vospriyatiya ekspressij litsa [Determinants of categorical perception of facial expressions]. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta, seriya «Psihologicheskie nauki* [Bulletin of Moscow State Regional University. Series “Psychological Science”], 2007, no. 3, pp. 82- 93 (In Russ.).
  6. Barabanschikov V.A., Zhegallo A.V., Korolkova O.A. Pertseptivnaya kategorizatsia vyrazhenij litsa [Perceptual categorization of facial expressions]. Moscow, Kogito-centr Publ., 2016 (In Russ.).
  7. Ekman P. Expression and the nature of emotion. In K. Scherer, P. Ekman (eds.), Approaches to emotion, 1984, pp. 319-344.
  8. Ekman P. Basic Emotions. In Handbook of Cognition and Emotion. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005, pp. 45-60. doi: 10.1002/0470013494.ch3
  9. Ekman P., Friesen W. Pictures of Facial Affect. Palo Alto, Consulting psychologists Press, 1976.
  10. Hanley J.R., Roberson D. Categorical perception effects reflect differences in typicality on within- category trials. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 2011, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 355-363. doi: 10.3758/sl3423-010- 0043-z
  11. Hendrickson A., Carvalho P., Goldstone R. Going to Extremes: The influence of unsupervised categories on the mental caricaturization of faces and asymmetries in perceptual discrimination. In Proceedings of the Thirty-Fourth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. 2012. Sapporo, Japan, Cognitive Science Society, pp. 1662-1667.
  12. Huttenlocher J., Hedges L. V, Vevea J.L. Why do categories affect stimulus judgment? Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2000, vol. 129, no. 2, pp. 220-241. doi: 10.1037/0096-3445. 129.2.220
  13. Izard C.E. The Psychology of Emotions. Springer Science & Business Media, 1991.452 p. (Russ, ed.: Izard K.E. Psihologiya emocii. Saint Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2006).
  14. Khoze E.G. Transformatsia vnutrennei struktury litsa как metod issledovaniya vospriyatiya emocional’nyh sostoyanij cheloveka [The transformation of the internal structure of the face as a method of investigating the perception of emotional state]. In Psihologiya kognitivnyh protsessov: Materialy 2-oi Vserossijskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii [Psychology of cognitive processes: Proceedings of the 2nd All-Russian scientific-practical conference]. Smolensk, Universum Publ., 2008, pp. 62-69 (In Russ.).
  15. Khoze E.G. Vospriyatie indutsirovannyh ekspressij litsa. Dis. kand. psihol. nauk [Perception of induced facial expressions. PhD thesis]. Moscow, IP RAS Publ., 2013 (In Russ.).
  16. Khrisanfova L.A. Dinamika vospriyatiya ekspressij litsa: Dis. ... kand. psihol. nauk [Dynamics of the perception of facial expressions. PhD thesis]. Moscow, 2004 (In Russ.).
  17. Kurakova O.A., Zhegallo A.V. Effekt kategorial’nosti vospriyatiya ekspressij litsa: mnogoobrazie proyavlenij [The effect of categorical perception of facial expressions: the diversity of manifestations] EksperimentaVnaya psihologiya [Experimental Psychology (Russia)], 2012, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 22-38 (In Russ.; abstr. in Engl.).
  18. Leonova A.B., Kapitsa M.S. Metody sub’ektivnoi otsenki funktsional’nyh sostoyanij cheloveka [Methods for the subjective assessment of the functional states of the human]. In Praktikumpo inzhenemoi psihologii i ergonomike [A Handbook on Engineering Psychology and Ergonomics]. Moscow, Academia Publ, 2003, pp. 240-243 (In Russ.)
  19. Podol’skij A.I. Formirovanie simul’tannogo opoznaniya [Formation of the simultaneous identification]. Moscow, MSU Publ., 1978 (In Russ.).
  20. Roberson D., Damjanovic L., Pilling M. Categorical perception of facial expressions: Evidence for a “category adjustment” model. Memory & Cognition, 2007, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 1814-1829. doi: 10.3758/ BF03193512
  21. Shehter M.S. Zritel’noe opoznanie: Zakonomemosti i mehanizmy [Visual identification: Laws and mechanisms], Moscow, Pedagogika Publ., 1981 (In Russ.).

Information About the Authors

Alexander V. Zhegallo, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher at the Laboratory of Systems Research of the Psyche, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Researcher at the Center for Experimental Psychology of MSUPE, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Evgeny G. Khoze, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Head of the Laboratory of Experimental and Practical Psychology,Associate Professor, Department of General Psychology,Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



Total: 1981
Previous month: 4
Current month: 2


Total: 512
Previous month: 1
Current month: 0