The use of video surveillance for identification of the internal processes of pre-verbal development in infant



We briefly overview the use of video surveillance method for studying the early stages of ontogeny of speech – pre-verbal stage and stage of the first words. We describe expert techniques that aim to reduce subjectivity in the interpretation of psychological states of the baby and his behavior forms captured with CCTV. The authors examined the proposed approach to the analysis of voice and behavioral manifestations, its theoretical basis, systematic implementation results. The study was supported by grant number RFH 14-06-00174a “Naming the central operation verbal human activities: the origin, development and scope”.

General Information

Keywords: speech ontogenesis, infancy, surveillance method, the author’s approach, analysis of voting behavior and infant outcomes

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Belova S.S., Nosulenko V.N., Ushakova T.N. The use of video surveillance for identification of the internal processes of pre-verbal development in infant. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2016. Vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 66–81. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2016090206. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Beits E. Intentsii, konventsii i simvoly [Intentions, conventions and symbols]. In A.M. Shakhnarovich, Psikholingvistika [Psycholinguistics]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1984. pp. 50-103. (in Russ.)
  2. Belova S.S. Intentsional’nye yavleniya na rannem etape razvitiya rechi [Intentional phenomena on early stage of language acquisition]. In N.V. Ufimtseva, T.N. Ushakova, Yazyk. Soznanie. Kul’tura. [Language. Mind. Culture]. Moscow, Kaluga, Eidos Publ., 2005. pp. 99–109.(in Russ.)
  3. Belova S.S. Vozniknovenie intentsii v rannem vozraste i ikh sootnoshenie s rechevym razvitiem [Emergence of intention in early ontogeny and their correlation with speech development]. In T.N. Ushakova, Rech’ rebenka: problemy i resheniya [Speech in children. Problems and solutions]. Moscow, «Institut psikhologii RAN» Publ., 2008. pp. 147-168. (in Russ.)
  4. Dimitrova N., Moro C., Mohr C. Caregivers interpret infants’ early gestures based on shared knowledge about referents. Infant Behavior and Development, 2015, no. 39, pp. 98–106. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2015.02.015
  5. Einspieler C., Sigafoos J., Bartl-Pokorny K.D., Landa R., Marschik P.B., B lte S. Highlighting the first 5 months of life: General movements in infants later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder or Rett syndrome. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2014, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 286–291. doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2013.12.013
  6. Fitch W.T. The evolution of language. Cambridge University Press, 2010, 624 p. (Russ. ed.: Fitch W.T. Evolyutsiya yazyka. M.: Yazyki slavyanskoi kul’tury, 2013. 824 p.)
  7. Fjørtoft T., Einspieler C., Adde L., Strand L. I. Inter-observer reliability of the “Assessment of Motor Repertoire--3 to 5 Months” based on video recordings of infants. Early Human Development, 2009, vol. 85, no. 5, pp. 297–302. doi:10.1016/j. earlhumdev.2008.12.001
  8. Hall R.A.S., De Waard I.E.M., Tooten A., Hoffenkamp H.N., Vingerhoets A.J.J. M., van Bakel H.J.A. From the father’s point of view: how father’s representations of the infant impact on father-infant interaction and infant development. Early Human Development, 2014, vol. 90, no. 12, pp. 877–83. doi:10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2014.09.010
  9. Kuhl P.K. Early language acquisition: cracking the speech code. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience, 2004, vol. 5, no. 11, pp. 831–843. doi: 10.1038/nrn1533
  10. Lyakso E.E. Razvitie rechi. Ot pervykh zvukov do slozhnykh fraz. [Speech development: from first sounds to first phrases] Saint-Petersburg, Rech’ Publ., 2010. 190 p. (in Russ.)
  11. Marschik P.B., Pini G., Bartl-Pokorny K.D., Duckworth M., Gugatschka M., Vollmann R., Zappella M., Einspieler
  12. C.  Early  speech-language  development  in  females  with  Rett  syndrome:  focusing  on  the  preserved  speech  variant. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 2012, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 451-456. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2012.04123.x.
  13. Nakayama H. Development of infant crying behavior: a longitudinal case study. Infant Behavior and Development, 2010, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 463–71. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2010.05.002
  14. Nakayama H. Emergence of amae crying in early infancy as a possible social communication tool between infants and mothers. Infant Behavior and Development, 2015, vol. 40, pp. 122–130. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2015.06.010
  15. Nuysink J., van Dam E., Boonzaaijer M., van Haastert I.L. Equivalence of the Alberta infant motor scale using a home-video made by parents and observation by a pediatric physical therapist. Physiotherapy, 2015, vol. 101, Suppl. 1, pp. e1109–e1110.   doi:10.1016/
  16. Orr E., Geva R. Symbolic play and language development. Infant Behavior and Development, 2015, vol. 38, pp. 147– 161.  doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2015.01.002
  17. Roy B.C., Frank M.C., DeCamp P., Miller M., Roy D. Predicting the birth of a  spoken  word.  Proceedings  of  the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2015, vol. 112, no. 41, pp. 12663-12668; published ahead of print September 21, 2015, doi:10.1073/pnas.1419773112
  18. Roy D., Patel R., Decamp P., Kubat R., Fleischman M., Roy B., Mavridis N., Tellex S., Salata A., Guinness J., Levit M., Gorniak P. The Human Speechome Project. Symbol Grounding and Beyond: Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on the Emergence and Evolution of Linguistic Communication, 2006, pp. 192–196. doi:10.1007/11880172
  19. Saint-Georges C., Cassel R.S., Cohen D., Chetouani M., Laznik M.-C., Maestro S., Muratori F. What studies of family home movies can teach us about autistic infants: A literature review. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2010, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 355–366. doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2009.10.017
  20. Sergienko E.A. Rannee kognitivnoe razvitie: novyi vzglyad. [Early cognitive development: new perspective] Moscow, «Institut psikhologii RAN» Publ., 2006. 464 p. (in Russ.)
  21. Tarabulsy G.M., Provost M.A., Bordeleau S., Trudel-Fitzgerald C., Moran G., Pederson D.R., Trabelsia M., Lemelind J.P., Pierce T. Validation of a short version of the maternal behavior Q-set applied to a brief video record of mother-infant interaction. Infant Behavior and Development, 2009, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 132–136. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2008.09.006
  22. Tomasello M. The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition. Harvard University Press, 2001, 256 p. (Russ. ed.: Tomasello M. Istoki chelovecheskogo obshcheniya. Moscow, Yazyki slavyanskikh kul’tur Publ., 2013. 328 p.)
  23. Ushakova T.N. Kak vozmozhno osmyslennoe slovo u godovalogo rebenka [How possible is a meaning-bearing word of a one-year old infant]. Voprosy psikhologii, 2015, no. 1, pp. 26-38. (in Russ.; abstract in Engl.)
  24. Ushakova T.N. Rozhdenie slova. Problemy psikhologii rechi i psikholingvistiki. [Birth of a word: problems of psychology of speech and psycholinguistics] Moscow, «Institut psikhologii RAN» Publ., 2011. 524 p. (in Russ.)
  25. Ushakova T.N., Belova S.S. Istoki osmyslennosti rannei detskoi rechi [Sources of meaningfulness of children’s early speech]. Voprosy psikhologii, 2012, no. 2, pp. 45-55. (in Russ.; abstract in Engl.)
  26. Ushakova T.N., Belova S.S. Istoki psikholingvisticheskogo razvitiya mladentsa pervogo goda zhizni [Origins of psycholinguistic development of infants during their first year of life]. Voprosy psikholingvistiki, 2015, no. 4, pp. 182-195 (in Russ.; abstract in Engl.)
  27. Zappella M., Einspieler C., Bartl-Pokorny K.D., Krieber M., Coleman M., Bölte  S.,  Marschik  P.B.  What  do  home videos tell us about early motor and socio-communicative behaviours in children with autistic features during the second year of life - An exploratory study. Early Human Development, 2015, vol. 91, no. 10, pp. 569–575. doi:10.1016/j. earlhumdev.2015.07.006

Information About the Authors

Sophia S. Belova, PhD in Psychology, Research Fellow, Institute of Psychology, Psychology the Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Valeriy N. Nosulenko, Doctor of Psychology, Chief Researcher, Laboratory of Cognitive Processes and Mathematical Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chief Researcher, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

T. N. Ushakova, Doctor of Psychology, Editor-in-chief of the journal "Psychology" published by the State University "Higher School of Economics". Chief researcher at, Member of Russian Academy of Education, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 2201
Previous month: 4
Current month: 0


Total: 774
Previous month: 2
Current month: 1