Nonverbal predictors in the estimates of truthful and deceptive statements



A microstructural analysis of perception of a partner in communication was carried out. Mute video recordings of 15 clips of a structured conversation in which communicants expressed true and false judgments, were subjected to complex coding. In each 40 ms frame 51 nonverbal signs/102 binary markers indicating the state of the facial zones, the nature of the movements of the head, hands and body were considered. Based on expert estimates, the proportion of frames was calculated, in which each of the markers is present at selected time intervals. Looking at the video clips, 35 observers intuitively, by external features, determined the fragments when the communicator is telling truth and when lying. The frequency and time of occurrence of markers were analyzed. Frequency regression models of “true” and “false” response of communicants were built. It is shown that the required estimates are performed by the observer 1.5—2 seconds before the answer. High-frequency features form a stable core of the impression of the reliability of the communicator’s judgments, complemented with changeable low-frequency features explaining the growth of explanatory power of regression models. Markers have been identified that contribute to adequate perception of the reliability of information reported. The style of non-verbal behavior of people implementing alternative communication strategies is described.

General Information

Keywords: nonverbal communication, complex coding of the communicator’s activity, nonverbal features of true and false messages, regression models of true/false evaluation

Journal rubric: Psychology of Personality

Article type: scientific article


Funding. The study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project № 18-18-00350 “Perception in the structure of nonverbal communication”.

For citation: Barabanschikov V.A., Zhegallo A.V., Khoze E.G., Solomonova A.V. Nonverbal predictors in the estimates of truthful and deceptive statements. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2018. Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 94–106. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2018110408. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Alonso-Quecuty M.L. Memorias de origeninterno vs. externo: Una alternativaen la detección de la mentira // Libro de comunicaciones del Congreso Nacional de Psicología Social. Santiago: Tórculo. 1990. Vol. 2. P. 17—23.
  2. Alonso-Quecuty M.L. Psicología y testimonio // Fundamentos de psicología jurídica / M. Clemente (Ed.). Madrid: Pirámide, 1995. P. 171—184.
  3. Barabanshchikov V.A. Vospriyatie vyrazhenij litsa [Perception of facial expressions]. Moscow, Institut psikhologii RAN Publ., 2009 (In Russ.).
  4. Barabanshchikov V.A. Ekspressii lica I ih vospriatie [Facial expressions and their perception]. Moscow, Institut psikhologii RAN Publ., 2012 (In Russ.).
  5. Barabanshchikov V.A., Zhegallo A.V. Okulomotornaia aktivnost’ pri vospriatii dinamiceskih I staticeskih vyrazenij lica [Oculomotor activity in the perception of dynamic and static facial expressions]. Eksperimental’naya psihologiya [Experimental Psychology], 2018. Vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 5—34. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)
  6. Barabanschikov V.A., Nosulenko V.N., Samoilenko E.S., Hoze E.G. Polipozitsionnoe nablyudenie za povedeniem lyudej v protsesse tselenapravlennoj strukturirovannoj besedy [Polypositional observation of the behavior of people in the process of purposeful structured conversation]. In Psikhologiya I pedagogika XXI veka: teoriya, praktika I perspektivy [Psychology and pedagogy of the XXI century: theory, practice and prospects] ed. by Karabuschenko N.P., Sungurova M. Moscow, RUDN University, 2015. pp. 109—131. (In Russ.).
  7. Burgoon J.K., Buller D.B., Woodall W.G. Nonverbal communication. Columbus, OH: Greyden Press, 1994.
  8. DePaulo B.M., Rosenthal R. Telling lies // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1979. Vol. 37(10). P. 1713—1722.
  9. DePaulo B.M., Zuckerman M., Rosenthal R. Humans as lie detectors // Journal of Communication. 1980. Vol. 30. P. 129—139.
  10. Garrido E., Masip J. La evaluación psicológica en los supuestos de abusos sexuales // Evaluación psicológica forense 1: Fuentes de información, abusos sexuales, testimonio, peligrosidad y reincidencia / F. Jiménez (Ed.). Salamanca: Amarú. 2001. P. 25—140.
  11. Hastie T.J., Pregibon D. Generalized linear models// Statistical Models in S, Chapter 6. eds Chambers J.M., Hastie T.J Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole, 1992.
  12. Köhnken G. Behavioral correlates of statement credibility: Theories, paradigms, and results // Criminal behavior and the justice system / H. Wegener, F. Lösel, J. Haisch (Eds.). London: Springer Verlag, 1989. P. 271—289.
  13. Lykken D.T. A tremor in the blood. Uses and abuses of the lie detector. New York: Plenum Press, 1998.
  14. Masip J., Sporer S.L., Garrido E., Herrero C. The detection of deception with the reality monitoring approach: A review of the empirical evidence // Psychology, Crime, & Law. 2005. Vol. 11. P. 99—122.
  15. Masip J., Garrido E. La evaluación de la credibilidad del testimonio en contextos judiciales a partir de indicadores conductuales // Anuario de Psicología Jurídica. 2000. Vol. 10. P. 93—131.
  16. Miller G.R., Stiff J.B. Deceptive communication. Newbury Park: Sage, 1993.
  17. R Core Team. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. 2017. URL
  18. Vrij A. Nonverbal communication and credibility // Psychology and law. Truthfulness, accuracy and credibility / A. Memon, A. Vrij, R. Bull (Eds.). New York: McGraw-Hill, 1998. P. 32—58.
  19. Vrij A. Detecting lies and deceit. The psychology of lying and the implications for professional practice. Chichester: Wiley, 2000.
  20. Zuckerman M., DePaulo B.M., Rosenthal R. Verbal and nonverbal communication of deception. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology. 1981. Vol. 14. P. 1—59.
  21. Zuckerman M., Koestner R., Driver R. Beliefs about cues associated with deception // Journal of Nonverbal Behavior. 1981. Vol. 6(1). P. 105—114.

Information About the Authors

Vladimir A. Barabanschikov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Director, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Dean of the Faculty of Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Alexander V. Zhegallo, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher at the Laboratory of Systems Research of the Psyche, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Researcher at the Center for Experimental Psychology of MSUPE, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Evgeny G. Khoze, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Head of the Laboratory of Experimental and Practical Psychology,Associate Professor, Department of General Psychology,Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

A. V. Solomonova, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 1922
Previous month: 8
Current month: 3


Total: 714
Previous month: 7
Current month: 4