Reference strategies in dialogues about ethnic faces: a toposemantic express-analysis

318

Abstract

In the experimental study in identification/discrimination of ethnic faces by dyads, the phenomena of mutual assimilation of the cognitive processes in communication partners were investigated. It is shown that the phenomenon of assimilation can be detected while comparing the partners’ “isostatic” fixation pat¬terns, which characterize the processes of visual attention and perception. At the same time, the lack of synchronization of the isostatic pattern between interlocutors may indicate a lower cognitive complexity of discrimination and a higher probability of successful discrimination. A tendency is observed for producing a more detailed reference structure of the dialogue in the conditions allowing better discrimination, and for less detailed dialogue when the communication partners interpret each other’s verbalizations as indicating that there are no differences in perceived ethnic faces.

General Information

Keywords: dyadic performance, face perception, ethnic face, registration of eye movements, isostatic fixational patterns, reference

Journal rubric: Social Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2018110411

Funding. The research is supported by State Assignment No. 25.3916.2017/PC “Cross-cultural determinants of cognitive-communicative processes”.

For citation: Kharitonov A.N., Ananyeva K.I., Basiul I.A. Reference strategies in dialogues about ethnic faces: a toposemantic express-analysis. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2018. Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 125–134. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2018110411. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Аnanyeva K.I., Barabanschikov V.А., Kharitonov А.N. Izostaticheskie patterny dvizhenij glaz privospriyatii chelovecheskogo litsa [Isostatic patterns of eye movements in the perception of human face] // Eksperimental’naya psikhologiya v Rossii: traditsii i perspektivy [Experimental Psychology in Russia: Traditions and Prospects] / Pod red. V.А. Barabanschikova. Moscow: Izd-vo «Institut psikhologii RАN», 2010, pp. 195—200. (In Russ.).
  2. Аnanyeva K.I., Basyul А.I., Kharitonov А.N. Dialogi v eksperimente: opyt mnogokanal’noj registratsii i analiza [Dialogues in the experiment: the experience of multi-channel registration and analysis] // Sbornik tezisov Sed’moj konferentsii po kognitivnoj nauke [Collection of Abstracts of the Seventh Conference on Cognitive Science]. Svetlogorsk: «Institut psikhologii Rossijskoj akademii nauk». 2016, pp. 670—672. (In Russ.).
  3. Аnanyeva K.I., Basyul I.А., Kharitonov А.N. Izostaticheskie okulomotornye pattern pri zritel’nom vospriyatii lits svoej i drugojrasy [Isostatic oculomotor patterns in visual perception of same and other race] // Eksperimental’naya psikhologiya [Experimental Psychology (Russia)]. 2017, T. 10, № 4. pp. 133—147. (In Russ.).
  4. Аnanyeva K.I., Kharitonov А.N. Sovmestnaya identifikatsiya lits raznykh rasovykh tipov [Joint identification of faces of different racial types] / Eksperimental’nyj metod v strukture psikhologicheskogo znaniya [Experimental method in the structure of psychological knowledge] / Pod red. V.А. Barabanschikova. Moscow: IP RАN, 2012, pp. 181—187. (In Russ.).
  5. Аnanyeva K.I., Kharitonov А.N. Sovmestnaya identifikatsiya lits raznykh ras: soglasovanie poznavatel’nykh protsessov [Joint identification of faces of different races: coordination of cognitive processes] // V.А. Barabanschikov, V.N. Nosulenko, E.S. Samojlenko (red.) Poznanie v deyatel’nosti i obshhenii [Cognition in activities and communication.]. Moscow: Institut psikhologii RАN. 2011, pp. 17—25. (In Russ.).
  6. Barabanschikov V.A. Gaze Dynamics in the Recognition of Facial Expressions of Emotion // Perception. V. 44. № 8—9. 2015. Р. 1007—1020.
  7. Barabanschikov V.А. Poznanie i obshhenie [Cognition and communication] // Poznanie i obshhenie: teoriya, ehksperiment, praktika [Cognition and communication: theory, experiment, practice]. / Pod red. V.А. Barabanschikova i E.S. Samoylenko. Moscow: Izd-vo IP RАN, 2009. pp. 11—19. (In Russ.).
  8. Barabanschikov V.А., Nosulenko V.N. Sistemnost’. Vospriyatie. Obshhenie [System. Perception. Communication]. Moscow: IPRАN. 2004. (In Russ.).
  9. Carletta J., Hill R.L., Nicol C., Taylor T., de Ruiter J.P., Bard E.G. Eyetracking for two-person tasks with manipulation of a virtual world // Behavior Research Methods. 2010. V. 42. P. 254—265.
  10. Gergle D., Clark A.T. See what I’m saying? Using dyadic mobile eye tracking to study collaborative reference / Proceedings of the 2011 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work, CSCW 2011, Hangzhou, China, March 19—23, 2011.
  11. Kharitonov А.N. Problema ponimaniya v dialoge. Rol’ komparativnykh ehlementov verbalizuemogo obraza [The problem of understanding in a dialogue. The role of comparative elements of the verbalized image] // Psikhicheskie kharakteristiki deyatel’nosti cheloveka-operatora [Mental characteristics of the human operator]. Saratov, SGU, 1985. pp. 139—146. (In Russ.).
  12. Krauss R.M. The Role of the Listener: Addressee Influences on Message Formulation // Journal of Language and Social Psychology. 1987. V 6. № 2. P. 81—98.
  13. Krauss R.M., Weinheimer S. Changes in reference phrases as a function of frequency of usage in social interaction // Psychonomic Science. 1964. № 1. P. 113—114.
  14. Krauss R.M., Weinheimer S. Concurrent feedback, confirmation, and the encoding of referents in verbal communication // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1966. V. 4. № 3. P. 343—346.
  15. Krauss R.M., Weinheimer S. Effect of referent similarity and communication mode on verbal encoding // Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 1967. V. 6. № 3. P. 359—363.
  16. Krauss R.N. Obshhenie i poznanie [Communication and cognition] // Poznanie i obshhenie. [Cognition and communication] / Pod red. Lomova B.F., Belyaevoj А.V., Koula M. Moscow: Nauka, 1988, pp. 81—94. (In Russ.).
  17. Kuriyama N., Terai A., Yasuhara M., Tokunaga T., Yamagishi K., Kusumi T. Gaze matching of referring expressions in collaborative problem solving. Proceedings of International Workshop on Dual Eye Tracking in CSCW. 2011.
  18. Lomov B.F. Metodologicheskie i teoreticheskie problemy psikhologii [Methodological and theoretical problems of psychology.]. Moscow: Nauka, 1984. (In Russ.).
  19. Lomov B.F. O sistemnom podkhode v psikhologii [On the system approach in psychology] // Voprosy Psychologii. 1975, № 2, pp. 31—45. (In Russ.).
  20. Lomov B.F. Osobennosti poznavatel’nykh protsessov v usloviyakh obshheniya [Peculiarities of cognitive processes in the conditions of communication] // Psikologicheskuy zhurnal [Psychological Journal], 1980. T. 1, № 5. pp. 26—42. (In Russ.).
  21. Nosulenko V.N., Samoylenko E.S., Starikova I.V. Referentnoe obshhenie: verbal’nye priemy i predmetnye operatsii [Referential communication: verbal techniques and object-oriented operations] // Mir psikhologii [World of psychology]. 2013. T. 73. №1. pp. 223—235. (In Russ.).
  22. Richardson D.C., Dale R. Looking to understand: The coupling between speakers’ and listeners’ eye movements and its relationship to discourse comprehension. Cognitive Science, 29 (2005), 1045—1060.
  23. Fussell S.R., Krauss R.M. Coordination of knowledge in communication: Effects of speakers’ assumptions about what others know // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1992. V. 62. № 3. P. 378—391.
  24. Samoylenko E.S. Sravnenie v reshenii kognitivno-kommunikativnykh zadach [Comparison in solving cognitive-communicative tasks] // Voprosy Psychologii. 1987. T. 32. № 3. pp. 128—132. (In Russ.).
  25. Samoylenko E.S. Problemy sravneniya v psikhologicheskom issledovanii [Comparison problems in psychological research]. Moscow: Institut psikhologii RАN, 2010. (In Russ.).
  26. Samoylenko E.S., Nosulenko V.N., Starikova I.V. Fenomen sravneniya v protsesse referentnogo obshheniya [The phenomenon of comparison in the process of referential communication] // Eksperimental’naya psikhologiya [Experimental Psychology (Russia)], 2012. T. 5. № 2. pp. 39—62. (In Russ.).

Information About the Authors

Alexandr N. Kharitonov, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Scientific and Educational Center for Biopsychological Research, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis (NOCHU VO “Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis”); Leading Researcher at the Center for Experimental Psychology, Moscow State Psychological and Pedagogical University (FSBEI HE MGPPU), Deputy editor-in-chief of the scientific journal "Experimental Psychology", Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4801-9937, e-mail: ankhome47@list.ru

Kristina I. Ananyeva, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Research Fellow, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Associate Professor, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis (Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1666-3269, e-mail: ananyevaki@ipran.ru

Ivan A. Basiul, Junior Researcher. Laboratory of Cognitive Processes and Mathematical Psychology, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Lecturer of the Department of General Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Research laboratory assistant, Institute of Experimental Psychology of MSPPU, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3153-2096, e-mail: basul@inbox.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 1344
Previous month: 5
Current month: 7

Downloads

Total: 318
Previous month: 7
Current month: 0