Intercultural differences in the description and identification of persons of their own and someone else’s ethnicity on the example of portrait images

678

Abstract

The article presents the results of a study of differences in the perception, description and identification of persons of their own and someone else’s ethnicity, represented in portrait images. The subjects were Russian and Tuvinian students. It is shown that the ethnicity of observers influences the choice of one or another way of describing the depicted characters, but does not depend on the ethnicity of the characters. Differences in the number of characteristics used in the description of the Russian and Tuvinian sample of subjects were obtained. The success of the identification of the descriptions received is generally higher in the Russian sample. The joint solution of the problem of identification (pair experiment) does not lead to an improvement in its results.

General Information

Keywords: cross-cultural differences, ethnicity, personal identification by verbal description, portrait image of a man

Journal rubric: Social Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2018110410

Funding. The research was supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation GC 25.3916.2017/4.6.

For citation: Lupenko E.A. Intercultural differences in the description and identification of persons of their own and someone else’s ethnicity on the example of portrait images. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2018. Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 116–124. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2018110410. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Anan’eva K.I., Demidov A.A., Shvec T.A. Ocenka psihologicheskih osobennostej cheloveka po izobrazheniyu ego lica predstavitelyami raznyh rasovyh grupp [Evaluation of psychological peculiarities of a person based on the image of his face by representatives of different racial groups]. Eksperimental’naya psikhologiya [Experimental Psychology]. 2013, vol 6., no. 3. pp. 98—109. (In Russ.).
  2. Anan’eva K.I., Haritonov A.N., Basyul .I.A., Tovuu N.O. «Ehffekt drugoj rasy» i opyt obshcheniya s predstavitelyami drugoj rasovoj gruppy [“Effect of another race” and experience of communication with representatives of another racial group]. Lico cheloveka v nauke, iskusstve i praktike [Human’s face in science, art and practice]. In V.A. Barabanshchikov, A.A. Demidov, D.A. Diveev (eds). Moscow, Kogito-centr, 2014, pp. 661—667. (In Russ.).
  3. Artem’eva E.YU. Osnovy psihologii sub”ektivnoj semantiki [Fundamentals of the psychology of subjective semantics]. In I.B. Hanina (ed). Moscow, Nauka; Smysl, 1999. (In Russ.).
  4. Barabanshchikov V.A. Vospriyatie vyrazhenij lica [The perception of facial expressions] Moscow, IP RAN, 2009. (In Russ.).
  5. Barabanshchikov V.A. Ekspressii lica i ih vospriyatie [Facials expressions and their perception]. Moscow, IP RAN, 2012. (In Russ.).
  6. Barabanshchikov V.A. Dinamika vospriyatiya vyrazhenij lica [The dynamics of perception of facial expressions]. Moscow, Kogito-Centr, 2016. (In Russ.).
  7. Barabanshchikov V.A., Nosulenko V.N. Sistemnost’. Vospriyatie. Obshchenie [Consistency. Perception. Communication]. Moscow, IP RAN, 2004. (In Russ.).
  8. Barabanshchikov V.A., Lupenko E.A., Shunto A.S. Vospriyatie lichnosti cheloveka po izobrazheniyam ego lica na fotografii i hudozhestvennom portrete [Perception of the identity of the person depicted in the photo and in the portrait of the face]. Eksperimental’naya psikhologiya [Experimental Psychology]. 2017, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 56—73. (In Russ.).
  9. Barabanshchikov V.A., Haritonov A.N. Kommunikativnyj podhod v issledovaniyah vospriyatiya [Communicative approach in perception studies]. Kognitivnye mekhanizmy neverbal’noj kommunikacii [Cognitive mechanisms of nonverbal communication]. In V.A. Barabanshchikov (ed). Moscow, Kogito-Centr, 2017, pp. 14—47. (In Russ.)
  10. Demidov A.A., Anan’eva K.I. Mezhlichnostnoe vospriyatie i «ehffekt drugoj rasy» [Interpersonal perception and the “effect of another race”]. Anan’evskie chteniya — 2010. Sovremennye prikladnye napravleniya i problemy psihologii: Materialy nauchnoj konferencii [Modern applied fields and problems of psychology: Materials of a scientific conference]. 19—21 oktyabrya 2010 g. In L.A. Cvetkova (ed). St. Petersburg, Izd-vo SPeterb. un-ta, 2010, pp. 301—303. (In Russ.).
  11. Labunskaya V.A. Social’no-psihologicheskie funkcii vneshnego oblika v zhizni cheloveka [Socio-psychological functions of appearance in human life]. Ne yazyk tela, a yazyk dushi! Psihologiya neverbal’nogo vyrazheniya lichnosti [Not body language, but the language of the soul! Psychology of non-verbal expression of personality]. Rostov-na-Donu, Feniks, 2009, pp. 132—246. (In Russ.).
  12. Laenko L.V. Vospriyatie-soznanie-yazyk: problema vzaimosvyazi [Perception-consciousness-language: the problem of interconnection]. Vestnik VGU. Seriya Lingvistika i mezhkul’turnaya kommunikaciya. 2006, no. 1, pp. 5—15. (In Russ.).
  13. Lupenko E.A. Portretnoe izobrazhenie cheloveka kak predmet psihologicheskogo issledovaniya: problemy i issledovatel’skie podhody [Portrait of a person as an object of a psychological study]. Lico cheloveka v nauke, iskusstve i praktike [Human’s face in science, art and practice]. In K.I. Anan’eva, V.A. Barabanshchikov, A.A. Demidov (eds). Moscow, Kogito-Centr, 2014, pp. 269—283. (In Russ.).
  14. Lomov B.F. Psihicheskie processy i obshchenie [Mental processes and communication] Metodologicheskie problemy social’noj psihologii [Methodological problems of social psychology]. Moscow, Nauka, 1975, pp. 151— 165. (In Russ.).
  15. Lomov B.F. Metodologicheskie i teoreticheskie problemy psihologii [Methodological and theoretical problems of psychology]. Moscow, Nauka, 1984. (In Russ.).
  16. Lomov B.F. Voprosy obshchej, pedagogicheskoj i inzhenernoj psihologii [Questions of general, pedagogical and industrial psychology]. Moscow, Pedagogika, 1991. (In Russ.).
  17. Nosulenko V.N., Samojlenko E.S. «Poznanie i obshchenie»: sistemnaya issledovatel’skaya paradigma [“Cognition and communication”: system research paradigm]. Psihologicheskij zhurnal [Psychological journal]. 2012, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 5—16. (In Russ.).
  18. Petrenko V.F. Osnovy psihosemantiki [Basics of psychosemantics]. Smolensk, Izd-vo SGU, 1997. (In Russ.).
  19. Samojlenko E.S. Problemy sravneniya v psihologicheskom issledovanii [Comparison problems in psychological research]. Moscow, IP RAN, 2010. (In Russ.).
  20. Samojlenko E.S., Galanichev P.A., Nosulenko S.V. K probleme mezhkul’turnyh razlichij v kognitivnyh processah [To the problem of intercultural differences in cognitive processes] Eksperimental’naya psikhologiya [Experimental Psychology]. 2015, vol. 8., no. 1, pp. 39—59. (In Russ.).
  21. Haritonov A.N., Anan’eva K.I. Raspoznavanie lica i ehffekt «drugoj rasy» [Face Recognition and “Other Race” Effect]. Lico cheloveka kak sredstvo obshcheniya: mezhdisciplinarnyj podhod [Human face as a means of communication: an interdisciplinary approach] In V.A. Barabanshchikov, A.A. Demidov, D.A. Diveev (eds). Moscow, Kogito-Centr, 2012. pp. 145—160. (In Russ.).

Information About the Authors

Elena A. Lupenko, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4026-7581, e-mail: elena-lupenko@yandex.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 1733
Previous month: 7
Current month: 2

Downloads

Total: 678
Previous month: 9
Current month: 1