Spaced and mass training within cognitive experimental paradigm in the Djungarian hamster Phodopus sungorus: comparative psychological approach



Ability to shape associations between visual stimuli and a reward under conditions of mass and spaced trainings have been studied for the first time in wild Djungarian hamsters. In a case of a simple task (“spot vs no spot”) 7 from 9 animals solved the problem under condition of mass training, whereas under condition of space training only one individual was successful. In a case of more complex task (“a lesser spot vs a greater one”) 4 from 9 animals were successful under condition of mass training. Taking into account our previous study of Ph.sungorus’s ability to evaluate sets of geometric figures, one can suggest that evaluation of visual stimuli in details is above cognitive competence of this species. Comparative psychological analysis of experimental studies enables us to consider this species a sort of “benchmark”, at least when discriminations of visual stimuli are concerned. In contrast to majority of rodent species as well as genetic lines, the Djungarian hamsters learn to discriminate visual stimuli under conditions of mass training only, that is, they have “short memories”.

General Information

Keywords: comparative psychology, associative learning, mass/spaced training, cognitive activity, Djungarian hamster

Journal rubric: Evolutionary and Comparative Psychology

Article type: scientific article


Funding. This work was supported by grants of Russian Foundation of Basic Research (№17-04-00702) and Program of Federal Scientific Research of State Academies of Sciences for 2013-2020, №VI.51.1.10. (АААА-А16-116121410120-0), №0-109-2018-0074.

For citation: Novikovskaya A.A., Panteleeva S.N., Reznikova J.I. Spaced and mass training within cognitive experimental paradigm in the Djungarian hamster Phodopus sungorus: comparative psychological approach. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2019. Vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 12–26. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2019120102. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Anna A. Novikovskaya, Postgraduate Student, Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals Siberian Branch of RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia, e-mail:

Sofia N. Panteleeva, PhD in Biology, Senior Research Associate, Institute of Animal Systematics and Ecology, SB RAS, Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Russia, e-mail:

Janna I. Reznikova, Doctor of Biology, Professor, Senior Research Associate, Institute of Animal Systematics and Ecology, SB RAS, Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Russia, e-mail:



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