Differentiation of different race face in micro time intervals

392

Abstract

A study was conducted on the manifestation of the categorical effect of the perception of faces of the Caucasian and Mongoloid type under different time conditions of exposure of images. It was shown that at time intervals from 200 cm to 1 s, the effect of manifestation is different. It is shown that with increasing exposure time of stimulus images, the accuracy of solving the discriminatory AVX problem for all pairs of images in the transition series increases. Moreover, the manifestations of the classical effect of categorization of perception are observed only when demonstrating images for 200 ms. The hypothesis about the relationship between the accuracy of solving the discriminatory task and the individual characteristics of the subjects was also tested. In general, this hypothesis has not been confirmed. However, at the level of the trend, a relationship was found between individual accuracy in solving the discriminatory AVX problem and the strength of the nervous system, diagnosed using the Tapping test method.

General Information

Keywords: other race effect, discrimination task, ABX-task, racial type, face perception, exposition time, asymmetry of answers

Journal rubric: Face Science

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2019120305

Funding. The study was supported by a grant from the President of the Russian Federation, project MK- 3133.2017.6. The study was carried out as part of the research work of IP RAS 0159-2019-0010.

For citation: Ananyeva K.I., Zhegallo A.V. Differentiation of different race face in micro time intervals. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2019. Vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 63–72. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2019120305. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Ananyeva K.I., Barabanschikov V.A., Zhegallo A.V. Kategorial’nosti vospriyatiya vyrazheniy lits [Categorical perceptions of facial expressions] // Vestnik RUDN [RUDN Journal of psychology and pedagogics], 2008, № 2, S. 20—28.
  2. Ananyeva K.I., Kharitonov A.N., Barminov I.A., Zhegallo A.V. Effekt kategorial’nosti vospriyatiya pri raspoznanii usrednennykh lits yevropeoidnogo i mongoloidnogo tipov [The effect of categorization of perception in recognizing averaged persons of the Caucasian and Mongoloid type] / Druzhininskiye chteniya: materialy XIV [Druzhininsky readings: materials of the XIV] Vseros. nauch-prakt. konf., g. Sochi, 21—23 maya 2015 g. / pod red. I.B. Shuvanova, S.V. Voronina, V.P. Shuvanovoy, S.A. Baranovoy. Sochi: RITS FGBOU VPO «SGU», 2015. S. 67—70.
  3. Barabanschikov V.A., Demidov A.A. Mikrodinamika otsenki individual’no-psikhologicheskikh osobennostey cheloveka po vyrazheniyu yego litsa [Microdynamics of assessing individual psychological characteristics of a person by expression of his face] // Eksperimental’naya psihologiya [Experimental Psychology]. 2009. T. 2. № 4. S. 40—50.
  4. Brigham J.C., Maas A., Snyder L.D., Spaulding K. Accuracy of eyewitness identifications in a field setting // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1982. V. 42. P. 673—681.
  5. Brigham J.C., Malpass R.S. The role of experience and contact in the recognition of faces of own- and other-race persons // Journal of Social Issues. 1985. V. 41. P. 139—155.
  6. Bruce V., Young A., Understanding face recognition // British Journal of Psychology. 1986. V. 77. P. 305—327.
  7. Caldara R., Rossion B., Bovet P., Hauert C.A. Event-related potentials and time course of the `other-race’ face classification advantage // NeuroReport. 2004. V.15. P. 905—910.
  8. Etcoff N.L. Selective attention to facial identity and facial emotion // Neuropsychologia. 1984. V. 22. P. 281—295.
  9. Ge L., Zhang H., Wang Z., Quinn P.C., Pascalis O., KellyÁ D., Slater A., Tian J., Lee K. Two faces of the other-race effect: Recognition and categorisation of Caucasian and Chinese faces // Perception. V. 38. P. 1199—1210.
  10. Golby A.J., Gabrieli J.D.E., Chiao J.Y., Eberhardt J.L. Differential responses in the fusiform region to same-race and other-race faces // Nature Neuroscience. 2001. V. 4. P. 845—850.
  11. Kharitonov A.N., Ananyeva K.I., Basul I.A. Pertseptivnaya kategorizatsiya lits raznykh ras v individual’nom i parnom eksperimente [Perceptual categorization of persons of different races in an individual and paired experiment] // Fundamental’nyye i prikladnyye issledovaniya sovremennoy psikhologii: rezul’taty i perspektivy razvitiya [Perceptual categorization of persons of different races in an individual and paired experiment] / Otv. red. A.L. Zhuravlov, V.A. Kol’tsova. M.: Izd-vo «Institut psikhologii RAN», 2017. S. 582—589
  12. Le Gal P.M., Bruce V. Evaluating the independence of sex and expression in judgments of faces // Perception & Psychophysics. 2002. V. 64. P. 230—243.
  13. Levin D.T. Classifying faces by race: The structure of face categories // Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 1996. V. 22. P. 1364—1382.
  14. Levin D.T. Race as a visual feature: Using visual search and perceptual discrimination tasks to understand face categories and the cross-race recognition deficit // Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 2000. V. 129. P. 559—574.
  15. Meissner C.A., Brigham J.C. Thirty years of investigating the own-race bias in memory for facesö A meta-analytic review // Psychology Public Policy and Law. 2001. V. 7. P. 3—35.
  16. Sangrigoli S., Schonen S. Recognition of own-race and other-race faces by three-monthold infants // Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2004. V. 45. P. 1219—1227.

Information About the Authors

Kristina I. Ananyeva, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Research Fellow, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Associate Professor, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis (Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1666-3269, e-mail: ananyevaki@ipran.ru

Alexander V. Zhegallo, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher at the Laboratory of Systems Research of the Psyche, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Researcher at the Center for Experimental Psychology of MSUPE, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5307-0083, e-mail: zhegalloav@ipran.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 899
Previous month: 13
Current month: 17

Downloads

Total: 392
Previous month: 3
Current month: 10